Home First
Covenant
Second
Covenant
Topical
Studies
Table of
Contents

EXODUS

INTRODUCTION

1.  The Structure 5.  Divisions 8.   Colors
2.  The Name 6.  Types 9.     Plagues
3.  Contents 7.  Numbers 10.   Tabernacle
4.  Importance


THE STRUCTURE OF THE BOOK AS A WHOLE

1:1 - 2:10 THE BONDAGE OF ISRAEL BEGUN
2:11 - 14:31 FREEDOM EFFECTED
15:1 - 21 THE BONDAGE OF ISRAEL ENDED
21:22 - 40:38 FREEDOM USED

THE  NAME

The Second Book of Moses was originally called 
 'the Book of the Going out of Egypt.'
At an early date, however, it came to be known from its opening phrase, 
Ve-eleh shemoth  (‘And these are the names’). 
Its current designation in Western countries is Exodus-from the Greek term exodos,
‘The Departure’    (of the children of Israel out of Egypt),

a name applied to it in the Septuagint, the ancient Greek translation of Scripture.

THE  CONTENTS

The Book of Exodus is the natural continuation of the book of Genesis.

The book of Genesis describes the lives of the Fathers of the Hebrew People
Exodus tells the beginning of the People itself. 

It records

Israel’s enslavement in Egypt
the deliverance from the House of Bandage

It describes

The institution of the Feast of Passover
The Covenant that God made with the nation of Israel at Mount Sinai
The organization of Public Worship that was to make the nation of Israel into
‘a kingdom of priests and an holy nation’

It recounts

The murmuring and backsliding of the nation of Israel 
The Divine guidance and instruction

It also relates

The apostasy of the Golden Calf,
The Supreme Revelation that followed of the Divine Being as
a ‘God,  full of compassion and gracious,  slow to anger,  and plenteous in mercy and truth; 
keeping mercy for thousands,  forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin; 
and who will by no means clear the guilty’.

THE  IMPORTANCE

Nearly all the foundations on which Jewish life is built

the Ten Commandments,
the historic Festivals,
the leading principles of civil law

are contained in the Book of Exodus.

And the importance of this Book is not confined only to the nation of Israel.

In its epic account of Israel’s redemption from slavery to the nation of Egypt,
mankind learned that God is a God not only of creation but also of Freedom
That, even as in Egypt God espoused the cause of brick-making slaves against the royal tyrant, 
Providence ever exalts righteousness and freedom, 
and humbles iniquity and oppression. 
And the Ten Commandments spoken at Mt. Sinai, form the Magna Charta of religion and morality, 
linking them for the first time, and for all time in indissoluble union.

THE  DIVISIONS

The Book of Exodus may be divided into six parts:

1. (chapters 1-6:1) Relates the story of the Oppression of Israel
2. (chapters 6:2-9:34 ) Describes the Redemption of Israel
3. (chapters 10-13:16) Last of the plagues and Israel’s departure
4. (chapters 13-24 ) Describes the journey to Mt. Sinai. And embodies:
The Decalogue
The civil laws
The judgments that were to have such a profound influence on society
5. (chapters 25-27) The Tabernacle in types
6. (chapters 28-40) The High Priest - The Tabernacle - The Apostasy

From Josephus:

Now it happened that the Egyptians grew delicate and lazy;  and gave themselves up to other pleasures,  and in particular to the love of gain.  They also became very ill affected towards the Hebrews,  as touched with envy at their prosperity;  for when they saw how the nation of the Israelites flourished,  and were become eminent already in plenty of wealth,  which they had acquired by their virtue and natural love of labor,  they thought their increase was to their own detriment;  and having, in length of time,  forgotten the benefits they had received from Joseph,  particularly the crown being now come into another family,  they became very abusive to the Israelites,  and contrived many ways of afflicting them;  for they enjoined them to cut a great number of channels for the river,   and to build walls for their cities and ramparts,  that they might restrain the river,  and hinder its waters from stagnating,  upon its running over its own banks:  They set them also to build pyramids*,  and by all this wore them out;  and forced them to learn all sorts of mechanical arts,  and to accustom themselves to hard labor.  And four hundred years did they spend under these afflictions;  for they strove one against the other which should get the mastery,  the Egyptians desiring to destroy the Israelites by these labors,  and the Israelites desiring to hold out to the end under them. 

Josephus Antiquities of the Jews ch. 9 Pg. 55

*Of this building of the pyramids of Egypt by the Israelites, see Perizonius Orig. Aedgyptiac. Chap. 21. 
It is not impossible they might build one or more of the small ones; but the large ones seem much later.

PROPHETIC REVELATION THROUGH TYPES

A type is an institution,  historical event or person,  ordained by God,  which effectively prefigures some truth connected with Christianity.

General Types In Exodus 

The Type A Type Of
1. The Egyptian bondage A type of the bondage of sin
2. Moses as deliverer Christ as our deliverer
3. The Exodus The abandonment of the sinful life
4. The Passover Lamb God’s lamb Jesus Christ   (Rev. 5:6)
5. Pharaoh’s pursuit The evil forces pursuing believers
6. The opening of the Sea Hindrances removed
7. The pillar of cloud & fire Divine presence with believers
8. The song of Moses Songs of spiritual victory  (Rev. 5:9)
9. The mixed multitude The worldly element in the church
10. Marah and Elim The bitter and sweet experiences of life
11. The flesh pots The sensual pleasures of the old life
12. The manna Christ, the Bread of Life   (Jn. 6:31,32)
13. The water from the rock Christ the living water   (I Cor. 10:4)
14. Moses' hands held up The need of co-operation with believers

Material Types Of  The Tabernacle

The Type A Type Of
1. Gold Deity,  also Godliness
2. Silver Atonement,  or redemption
3. Brass Judgment  (with mercy)
4. Iron Judgment  (without mercy)
5. Stone Death
6. Wood Humanity
7. Shittim (Acacia) wood Consecrated humanity
8. Sand Man’s works
9. Linen Righteousness of  Christ
10. Wool  Righteousness of  Man - troublesome to the flesh
11. Ram’s skin dyed red Sin offering
12. Goat’s hair Christ, the Bread of Life   (Jn. 6:31,32)
13. Badger’s skin Despised and rejected

Passover - A Type Of Christ

The Type Points to Jesus Christ
1. The slain, not the living lamb availed Christ had to be crucified for us
2. The lamb was without blemish Christ, our Sinless Sacrifice (“I find no fault in this man”)
3. Blood to be shed “..and forthwith came there out blood”
4. No bone broken “..a bone in him shall not be broken”
5. Beginning of Israel’s national life Born again - reckon life from new birth

THE  SPIRITUAL SIGNIFICANCE OF NUMBERS

Numbers are used in Scripture,  not merely as in Nature,  with supernatural design
but with spiritual significance, which may be summarized as follows:

One Denotes God and Unity,  and Commencement

The first occurrences of words or utterances denote their essential significance,  in interpretation. 
Words that occur only once,  in the originals,  are emphatic and important. First day,  Light.

Two Denotes Difference

If two different persons agree in testimony it is conclusive.
Otherwise two implies opposition, enmity, and division, as was the work of the Second day. 
Compare the use of the word  “double” applied to “heart”,  “tongue”,  “mind”.

Three Denotes Completeness

As three lines complete a plane figure.
Hence,  three is significant of Divine perfection and completeness
The Third day completes the fundamentals of creation-work. 
The fourth, fifth, and sixth days are the counterpart and repetition of the first, second, and third, and correspond respectively.  
The number, three, includes resurrection also;  for on the third day the earth rose up out of the deep, and fruit rose up out of the earth.

Four Denotes  Creative Works   (3 + 1)

This number always has reference to the material creation,  as pertaining to the earth, and things “under the sun”,  and things terrestrial.

Five Denotes  Divine Grace    (4 + 1)

Five is very important in the Tabernacle measurements;
It is God adding His gifts and blessing to the works of His hands.
The Hebrew word  Ha’aretz (the earth) by the addition of the numerical value of each Hebrew letter we find that it is a multiple of four
The Hebrew word  Hashamayim (the heavens) when you add the letters together is a multiple of five
The Greek word  Charis (Grace) is also a multiple of five

Note the Hebrew and Greek alphabets are used numerically.  This number is the leading factor in the Tabernacle measurements.

Six Denotes the Human Number

Man was created on the sixth day;  and this first occurrence of the number makes it  (and all multiples of it)  the hall-mark of all connected with man.

He works six days.
The hours of his day are a multiple of six.
Athaliah usurped the throne of Judah six years.

The great men who have stood out in defiance of God  (Goliath and Nebuchadnezzar and Antichrist)  are all emphatically marked by this number  (Rev. 13:18).

Seven Denotes  Spiritual Perfection

It is the number or hall-mark of the Holy Spirit’s work. (See the sevens found in the book of Revelation).
He is the Author of God’s Word, and seven is stamped on it as the water-mark is seen in the manufacture of paper. He is the Author and Giver of life;  and seven is the number which regulates every period of Incubation and Gestation,  in insects,  birds,  animals,  and man.

Eight Denotes  Resurrection, Regeneration; a New Beginning or Commencement

The eighth is a new first. 
Hence the octave in music,  color  days of the week.
It is the number which has to do with the Lord, Who rose on the eighth, or new “first-day”. 
This is,  therefore,  the Dominical number.  The name in Greek  Iehsous  (Jesus)  adds up to the numbers 888.  It,  or its multiple is impressed on all that has to do with the Lord’s Names,  the Lord’s People,  the Lord’s works.

Nine Denotes Finality of  Judgment

It is 3 x 3,  the product of Divine completeness. 
The number nine,  or its factors or multiples,  is seen in all cases when judgment is the subject.

Ten Denotes  Ordinal Perfection

Another new first;  after the ninth digit,  when numeration commences anew.

Eleven Denotes Disorder, Disorganization

Because it is one short of the number twelve (see below).

Twelve Denotes Governmental Perfection

It is the number or factor of all numbers connected with 

government: whether by Tribes or Apostles,
or in measurements of time,
or in things which have to do with government in the heavens and the earth.
Thirteen Denotes  Rebellion, Apostasy, Defection, Disintegration, Revolution

The first occurrence fixes this (Gen. 14:4);  and the second confirms it  (Gen. 17:25). 
It,  and its multiples,  are seen in all numbers and in all names and passages that are associated with rebellion.

COLORS AND THEIR SYMBOLISM

1. Blue Heavenly
2. Scarlet Blood of Atonement
3. Purple Royalty
4. White Purity

PLAGUE  -  EGYPTIAN  god  MOCKED

The Plague

The Egyptian god

1. Water to blood Remained 7 days Uat Water goddess
2. Frogs Magicians imitated Hak Frog goddess
3. Lice (fleas) “finger of God” Geb Earth god
4. Flies Israel was immune Khepri Beetle god
5. Murrain Some of cattle survived Apis Cattle god
6. Boils Judgment Neit Queen of heaven
7. Hail Destruction Shu Air god
8. Locusts Create Famine Selket Insect god
9. Darkness Darkness for 3 days Ra Sun god-Supreme
10. DEATH PHARAOH LET THEM GO Anubis God of the dead

Egyptian god information from University of Colorado.

IMPORTANCE OF THE TABERNACLE

1. Creation is described in two chapters.
2. Tabernacle and ceremonies described in 43 chapters:
Pattern given in Exodus 25-30
The Word could have said,  “made as God said,”  but complete details are recorded
3. It was made “As the Lord commanded Moses”
Fifteen (15)  times (Law)  in Exodus  ch. 39-40. (Ex. 39:1,5,7,21,26,29,32)
4. “The glory of the Lord filled the Tabernacle.”    Exodus 40:34
5. New Testament refers to it many times.      Heb. 8:2;9:2,3,6,8,11,21
6. To understand the book of Hebrews we must have a knowledge of the Tabernacle
7. Thorough study of the Tabernacle is essential to a proper understanding of God’s order for the church, 
from the crucifixion of Jesus until His coming at the Seventh Trumpet 
(Rev. 10”7;11:15; I Cor. 15:52; I Thess. 4:16), 
and for the 1,000 millennial reign  (Kingdom of God)

The Tabernacle Was
1. God’s dwelling place among His people. Ex. 25:8;29:45. 
Sin alone hinders God from having fellowship with His people.
2. A great object lesson or type to Israel:
A. The structure and each piece of furniture told something of the character of God and the of
redemption.
B. The Tabernacle sets forth the person and work of Jesus Christ, the only way to God. Jn. 14:6;10:1
C. To teach Israel the only way of approach was through the priest and sacrifice. 
To approach God they had to recognize the High Priest and bring Blood. Heb. 10:19-22. 
The Blood of Christ is the basis of every spiritual relationship and the means of every spiritual blessing. It is the most valuable thing in heaven and on earth.

The Sacrificial Blood Provides:
1. Col. 1:14 Redemption through the Blood
2. Rom. 5:9 Justification through the Blood
3. Col. 1:20 Peace through the Blood
4. Rev. 12:11 Victory through the Blood
5. Heb. 9:14,15 Eternal Inheritance through the Blood

The Tabernacle Was Given To The Chosen For:
1. Deut. 7:6-9 A people chosen for a special plan
2. Ex. 12 To a people sheltered by blood
3. Ex. 19:4 To a people brought unto God

The Tabernacle Was Called:
1. A TENT Exodus 26:36
Suggests moving and a pilgrimage.
Practically speaking,  Israel was moving on toward the dawn of full gospel reality,  the day of Jesus Christ. John 8:56
2. TABERNACLE Exodus 25:9
This means to settle down, to dwell. It was the dwelling place of God. Lev. 1:1
3. SANCTUARY Exodus 25:9
This means or denotes Holiness:
A. Ps. 96:6 Beauty of Strength
B. Ps. 73:17 Learning God's Way
C. Ps. 22:3 Place of Praise
D. Ex. 29:42-44 Tabernacle of Congregation
E. Num. 1:53 Tabernacle of Testimony

This denotes a witness, a revelation. 
It was the witness
TO and a revelation OF God’s holiness, righteousness and will.

The Tabernacle Is A Type Of:
1. CHRIST   John 1:14; Hebrews 9:11,12
A. Mt. 1:23 The place of God’s Manifestation to Israel
B.  I Cor. 5:7 A place of Sacrifice
C. John 15:3 A place of Cleansing
D. John 1:1 A place of  Covenant
The tabernacle was the place where the Law was enshrined in the bosom of the Ark and covered over by the sprinkled blood.  Jesus is the Living Word of God.
2. THE CHURCH
A. Like the tabernacle, the church has been planned by God Himself and is in no sense a human institution. It should be constituted, build up and equipped according to the Pattern.   Mt. 28:20
B. Same Divine anointing needed for those engaged in building up the Church as for the Tabernacle. Not intellectual brilliancy, but wisdom of the Holy Spirit.   Ex. 31:2-6; Eph. 4:11-16
C. Like the tabernacle, the Church should have her chief beauty within, not outward adornment.
D. The Church should have its inner chambers of closer fellowship, filled with fragrance from the Golden Altar.
E. The Church should be the depository of the world’s true Light and Living Bread, and the steward of the mysteries of God.
3. THE INDIVIDUAL’S APPROACH TO GOD
A. Condemnation-first approach would be to the fire burning without the camp, suggesting wrath of God revealed from heaven against all unrighteousness of men. That fire consumed the offering to which sin had been transferred, and would likewise consume all whose sins had not been transferred to that burnt offering.   2 Thess. 1:7,8; John 3:36
B. Through the Gate, then to the Burnt Altar, next the Laver, and on to the place of Communion, Consecration, Testimony, Abiding Fellowship.
C. Individual believer becomes a Board in the Tabernacle, takes his place as a Lively Stone in God’s House.   I Pet. 2:5

Christians are individual tabernacles, or temples of the Holy Spirit, Heb. 8:2; 2 Cor. 5:1; I Cor. 6:19,20, therefore our bodies have become the tabernacle in which the Lord is now revealed, and in that respect we are interested in learning just how we are to

conduct the worship in our hearts, 
the altar of daily sacrifice and consecration, 
obtaining our daily portion of His Shewbread, 
the continual care of the candlestick and our cleansing at the Laver

so that we may be able to fulfill our daily obligations and thereby dwell continually under the canopy of God’s blessing and Holy presence both day and night.

When the Lord commanded Moses to build the tabernacle He ordered first of all the construction of the Ark of the Covenant, the exact spot where He dwelt then, down to the farthest place removed. In our approach, we start at the most distant point and gradually draw closer to Him. 

In this study we follow the Bible’s order of the Tabernacle.

 


Home First
Covenant
Second
Covenant
Topical
Studies
Table of
Contents
Top