This section covers:
|| The directions for building of the
|| Detail Israel’s
apostasy with the Golden Calf
Describe the construction of the Sanctuary
With the exception of chapters 32-34, which tell the story of the
Golden Calf, the remainder of the Book of Exodus is concerned with the
construction of the Sanctuary.
Israel had been redeemed from bondage, and God had proclaimed His laws
unto them at Sinai.
The communion of God with Moses and Israel was not, however, to
cease with Israel’s departure from Sinai. Moses is bidden to erect a
Sanctuary that shall be a visible emblem to the people that God dwells among
In form, the Sanctuary was a portable structure, as it was to
accompany the Israelites on their wanderings. It was primarily a tent,
with a wooden frame-work to give it greater stability and security than
ordinary tent-poles could give. The entire Sanctuary consisted of
|| There was the outer
Court, enclosed by curtains supported on pillars. It was
oblong in shape, 100 cubits by 50, and the entrance was
on the eastern side.
Within the Court facing the entrance, was the Altar of
Sacrifice; and, behind it, towards the West, was the
Laver for the Priests.
|| In the western portion
of the Court was the Sanctuary proper, the Tabernacle.
This was divided by a ‘Veil’, or hanging curtain,
into two chambers.
The first of these which only the priests might enter, was the Holy
Place, containing the Table, the Candlestick and the
Altar of Incense.
||Holy of Holies
The second of the chambers was called the Holy of Holies, and contained
the Ark of the Covenant.
This was entered once a year by the High Priest on the Day of Atonement.
Precious metals and finely woven colored materials were employed in its
construction. The nearer an object was to the Holy of Holies, the
rarer and costlier the material; the objects further off being made of
bronze and ordinary woven cloths. The northern, western and
southern sides of the Tabernacle were a wooden framework; the eastern
side, or the front, consisted of a screen.
The entire Tabernacle was covered by a tent, and over the tent there were further coverings.
2,000 Cubits show the 2,000 years from Jesus birth
1,000 Cubits show the Millennial reign of Christ. (10 x 20 x 10 Holy Place
10 x 10 x 10 Holy of Holies).
A possible theory.
The fourth ascent of Moses - the making of the Tabernacle
|| The worship of the Seventy
|| The Tables
|| The six days and the
|| THE TABERNACLE
|| The six days and the
|| The Tables
|| The idolatry of the
Gold, Silver, Brass
Notice no iron is in the tabernacle.
Brass is a mixture of copper and zinc which was unknown then. So this
was probably copper, or bronze which is a mixture of copper and tin.
After the Pattern
8:5. Not a plan, but a model.
The reality is in heaven. So with the temple, later. I Chron.
With the utmost exactness certain representative measurements given.
Nine others, vital to construction, but not for significance,
not given. Probably these Divine silences were to make any
unauthorized structures impossible. These nine were:
|| Thickness of the sides and bottom of the
|| Thickness of the mercy seat and the details of the
|| Thickness of the table
|| The dimensions of the lampstand
|| The thickness of the boards
|| The middle-bar dimensions
|| The size of the rams’ skins
|| The size of the badgers’ skins
|| All the thicknesses of the brazen altar (the third
And they shall make
| The Shadow of the Almighty
From Flavius Josephus - on the Tabernacle
"Now when all things were prepared, the
gold, and the silver, and the brass, and what was woven,
Moses, when he had appointed beforehand that there should be a
festival, and that sacrifices should be offered according to every
one’s ability, reared up the tabernacle; and when he had
measured the open court, fifty
broad and a hundred long, he set up brazen pillars, five cubits
high, twenty on each of the longer sides, and ten pillars for
the breadth behind; every one of the pillars also had a ring.
"Their chapters were of silver, but
their bases were of brass: they resembled the sharp ends of spears,
and were of brass, fixed into the ground. Cords were also put
through the rings, and were tied at their further ends to brass nails
of a cubit long, which, at every pillar, were driven into
the floor, and would keep the tabernacle from being shaken by the
violence of winds; but a curtain of fine soft linen went round all the
pillars, and hung down in a flowing and loose manner from their chapters,
and enclosed the whole space, and seemed not at all unlike to a wall
"And this was the structure of three of the
sides of this enclosure; but as for the fourth side, which was
fifty cubits in extent, and was the front of the whole, twenty
cubits of it were for the opening of the gates, wherein stood two
pillars on each side, after the resemblance of open gates. These
were made wholly of silver, and polished, and all over,
excepting the bases which were of brass.
"Now on each side of the gates there stood
three pillars, which were inserted into the concave bases of the
gates, and were suited to them; and round them was drawn a
curtain of fine linen; but to the gates themselves, which were
twenty cubits in extent, and five in height, the curtain was
composed of purple, and scarlet, and blue, and fine linen,
and embroidered with many and divers sorts of figures, excepting the
figures of animals.
"As to the tabernacle itself, Moses
place it in the middle of that court, with its front to the east,
that, when the sun arose, it might send its first rays upon it.
Its length, when it was set up, was thirty cubits, and its
breadth was twelve [ten] cubits. The one of its walls was on the
south, and the other was exposed to the north, and on the back
part of it remained the west.
"It was necessary that its height should be
equal to its breadth, [ten cubits]. There were also pillars made
of wood, twenty on each side; they were wrought into a
quadrangular figure, in breadth a cubit and a half, but the
thickness was four fingers: they had thin plates of gold affixed to
them on both sides, inwardly and outwardly: they had each of
them two tenons (a projecting member in a piece of wood or other material
for insertion into a mortise to make a joint) belonging to them,
inserted into their bases, and these were of silver, in each of
which bases there was a socket to receive the tenon; but the pillars
on the west wall were six.
"Now all these tenons and sockets accurately
fitted one another, inasmuch that the joints were invisible, and
both seemed to be one entire and united wall. It was also covered with
gold, both within and without. The number of pillars was equal
on the opposite sides, and there were on each part twenty, and
every one of them had the third part of a span in thickness; so that
the number of thirty cubits were fully made up between them; but as to
the wall behind, where the six pillars made up together only nine
cubits, they made two other pillars, and cut them out of one
cubit, which they placed in the corners, and made them equally
fine with the other.
"Now every one of the pillars had rings of
gold affixed to their fronts outward, as if they had taken root in the
pillars, and stood one row over against another round about,
through which were inserted bars gift over with gold, each of them
five cubits long, and these bound together the pillars, the head
of one bar running into another, after the nature of one tenon
inserted into another; but for the wall behind, there was but
one row of bars that went through all the pillars, into which row ran
the ends of the bars on each side of the longer walls; the male with
its female being so fastened in their joints, that they held the whole
firmly together; and for this reason was all this joined so fast
together, that the tabernacle might not be shaken, either by the
winds, or by any other means, but that it might preserve itself
quiet and immovable continually.
THE INSIDE OF THE TABERNACLE
"As for the inside, Moses parted its
length into three partitions. At the distance of ten cubits from the
most secret end, Moses placed four pillars, the workmanship of
which was the very same with that of the rest; and they stood upon the
like bases with them, each a small matter distant from his fellow.
"Now the room within
those pillars was the most holy place; but the rest of the room was
the tabernacle, which was open for the priests. However,
this proportion of the measures of the tabernacle proved to be an imitation
of the system of the world: for that third part thereof which was
within the four pillars, to which the priests were not admitted,
is as it were a Heaven peculiar to God.
"The space of the twenty cubits, is,
as it were, sea and land, on which men live, and so this
part is peculiar to the priests only: but at the front, where
the entrance was made, they placed pillars of gold, that stood
on bases of brass, in number seven.
"Then they spread over the tabernacle veils of
fine linen and purple, and blue, and scarlet colors,
embroidered. The first veil was ten cubits every way, and this
they spread over the pillars which parted the temple, and kept the
most holy place concealed within; and this veil was that which made
this part not visible to any.
"Now the whole temple was called The Holy
Place; but that part which was within the four pillars, and to
which none were admitted, was called The Holy of Holies. This
veil was very ornamental, and embroidered with all sorts of flowers
which the earth produces; and there were interwoven into it all sorts
of variety that might be an ornament, excepting the forms of animals.
"And so the veil there was which covered the
five pillars that were at the entrance. It was like the former in its
magnitude, and texture, and color; and at the corner of
every pillar a ring retained it from the top downwards half the depth of the
pillars, the other half affording an entrance for the priests,
who crept under it.
"Over this there was a veil of linen, of
the same largeness with the former: it was to be drawn this way or that way
by cords, the rings of which, fixed to the texture of the veil,
and to the cords also, were subservient to the drawing and undrawing
of the veil, and to the fastening it at the corner, that then it might
be no hindrance to the view of the sanctuary, especially on
solemn days; but that on other days, and especially when the
weather was inclined to snow, it might be expanded, and afford a
covering to the veil of divers colors; whence that custom of ours is
derived, of having a fine linen veil, after the temple has been
built, to be drawn over the entrances.
"The ten other curtains were four cubits in
breadth, and twenty-eight in length; and had golden clasps,
in order to join the one curtain to the other, which was done so
exactly that they seemed to be one entire curtain. These were spread
over the temple, and covered all the top and parts of the walls,
on the sides and behind, so far as within one cubit of the ground.
"There were other curtains of the same breadth
with these, but one more in number, and longer, for they
were thirty cubits long; but these were woven with hair, with
the like subtlety as those of wool were made, and were extended
loosely down to the ground, appearing like a triangular front and
elevation at the gates, the eleventh curtain being used for this very
"There were also other curtains made of skins
above these, which afforded covering and protection to those that were
woven, both in hot weather, and when it rained; and great
was the surprise of those who viewed these curtains at a distance, for
they seemed not at all to differ from the color of the sky; but hose
that were made of hair and of skins, reached down in the same manner
as did the veil at the gates, and kept off the heat of the sun,
and what injury the rains might do; and after this manner was the
(Flavius Josephus Antiquities of the Jews book III Pages 71-73)
The study of the Tabernacle has always been one of my
favorite studies and if I seem long winded please forgive me, and I
hope that you to will enjoy this study as I do. (Paul the
Flavius Josephus was from a Priestly family and had access
to books and traditions in 70 AD that we do not have, and as far as I
know this is the oldest information concerning the make up of the
Practically all commentators are agreed that the sanctuary
was a symbol;
and its purpose, to impress the children of men with spiritual
What, however, were the spiritual teachings which the Tabernacle
This question offered full scope to the ingenuity of mystic interpreters,
ancient and modern, Jewish and non-Jewish, who declared the
Sanctuary to be an epitome of that which is presented on a larger scale in
the Universe as a whole, and an emblem of Religions profoundest
teachings on Life and Eternity.
In other words, it has a deeper meaning but what???
They need the Key which is Jesus Christ who said that the
Scriptures testified of Him.
GOD BEGINS FROM WITHIN; MAN FROM WITHOUT,
(10) And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half
shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth
thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.
(11) And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without
shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round
(12) And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in
the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of
it, and two rings in the other side of it.
(13) And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with
(14) And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the
ark, that the ark may be borne with them.
(15) The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be
taken from it.
(16) And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give
(17) And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a
half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth
(18) And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt
thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.
(19) And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the
other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the
two ends thereof.
(20) And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high,
covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look
one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims
(21) And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the
ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.
(22) And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee
from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are
upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in
commandment unto the children of Israel.
‘There was also an ark made, sacred to God, of wood that was naturally strong,
and could not be corrupted. This was called Eron, in our own language.
Its construction was thus Its length was five spans, but its breadth and height was each of them three spans.
It was covered all over with gold, both within and without, so that the wooden part was not seen.
It had also a cover united to it, by golden hinges, after a wonderful manner;
which cover was every way evenly fitted to it, and had no eminencies to hinder its exact conjunction.
There were also two golden rings belonging to each of the longer boards,
and passing through the entire wood, and through them gilt bars passed along each board, that it might thereby be moved and carried about,
as occasion should require; for it was not drawn in a cart by beasts of burden,
but borne on the shoulders of the priests. Upon this its cover were two images,
which the Hebrews call cherubims; they are flying creatures but their form is not like to that of any of the creatures which men have seen,
though Moses said he had seen such beings near the throne of God. In this ark he put the two tables whereon the ten commandments were written,
five upon each table, and two and a half upon each side of them;
and this ark he placed in the most holy place.
(Antiquities of the Jews book III Page 73 Josephus)
“Thou shalt make the Ark of the covenant of incorruptible wood-two cubits and a half,
the length, and a cubit and a half, the breadth, and a cubit and a half,
the height. And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold. Within and without thou shalt overlay it.
And thou shalt make for it a rim of gold welded and waved around. And thou shalt beat out for it four rings of gold and fasten them to the four corners,
two rings on one side and two rings on the other side. And thou shalt make staves of incorruptible wood and overlay them with
“They shall make an ark of acacia wood, two and a half cubits long,
a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high. Overlay it with pure gold-overlay it inside and
out - and make upon it a gold molding round about. Cast four gold rings for it,
to be attached to its four feet, two rings on one of its side walls and two on the other.
Make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold;”
TARGUM OF ONKELOS
“And they shall make an Ark of sitta wood;
two cubits and a half its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth,
and a cubit and a half its height. And thou shalt cover it with pure gold within and without,
and thou shalt make a crown of gold upon it round about. And thou shalt cast for it four rings of gold,
and set them upon its four corners, two rings upon one side of it,
and two rings upon its other side. And thou shalt make staves of sittin woods,
and cover them with gold,”
“And they shall make an ark of shittim wood, two and a half cubits long,
and a cubit and a half broad, and a cubit and a half high. And you shall overlay it with pure gold,
without and within shall you overlay it, and shall make upon it a crown of gold round about.
And you shall cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof;
and twos rings on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it.
And you shall make poles of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.”
What I have done here, is to show you all of the information on the subject of the Ark of the Covenant from the most ancient sources available as far as I know.
The ark of the covenant and the brazen altar present,
as it were, two extremes.
| The former (the brazen altar)
|| was the throne of God established in
“Justice and Judgment”
|The latter (the Ark)
|| was the place of approach for the sinner were
“Mercy and Truth”
went before the face of God.
Man, in himself, dared not to approach the ark to meet God. for
“THE WAY INTO THE HOLIEST OF ALL WAS NOT YET MADE MANIFEST” (Hebrews 9:8);
but God could approach the alter of brass, to meet man as a sinner.
“Justice and Judgment” could not admit the sinner into the presence of God,
but “Mercy and Truth” could bring God to man.
In Jesus Christ, God has come down, in perfect grace, to the sinner;
in Jesus, the sinner is brought up, in perfect righteousness,
| All the way from the Ark to the Brazen altar was marked with the footprints of love,
and all the way from the brazen altar to the ark was sprinkled with the blood of atonement.
Note verse 16 “And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give
This is a break in the description of the Ark of the Covenant, because this was not just a golden box to house the Law and latter on Aaron’s rod and pot of manna but it was also used for atonement.
“And thou shalt make a propitiatory-a lid of pure gold, two cubits and a half, the length; and a cubit and a half, the breadth. Ands thou shalt make two cherubs of turned gold, and place them at the two sides of the propitiatory. They shall be made, one cherub at one side, and the other cherub at the other side of the propitiatory. Thou shalt make the two cherubs at the two sides; and the cherubs shall have their wings stretched forth above and shall overshadow the propitiatory with their wings; and their faces shall be towards each other. The faces of the cherubs shall be towards the propitiatory. And thou shalt put the propitiatory upon the
THE MASORETIC TEXT
“You shall make a cover of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. Make two cherubim of gold-make them of hammered work-at the two ends of the cover. Make one cherub at one end and the other cherub at the other end; of one piece with the cover shall you make the cherubim at its two ends. The cherubim shall have their wings spread our above, shielding the cover with their wings. They shall confront each other, the faces of the cherubim being turned toward the cover. Then place the cover on top of the
TARGUM OF ONKELOS
“And thou shalt make a Propitiatory of pure gold; two cubits and a half its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. And thou shalt
make two Kerubin of gold, beaten (ductile) shalt thou make them, on the two sides of the propitiatory. And thou shalt make one keruba on this side and one keruba on that side of the propitiatory; thou shalt make the kerubin on its two sides. And the kerubin shall have their wings out-spreading above, overshadowing the propitiatory with their wings; and their faces shall be opposite one to another, towards the propitiatory shall be the faces of the kerubin. And thou shalt set the propitiatory upon the Ark over
“And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long, and a cubit and a half broad. And you shall make two cherubim of gold, of cast work shall you make them, on the two sides of the mercy seat. And make one cherub on the one side, and the other cherub on the other side of the mercy seat; thus you shall make two cherubim on the two sides thereof. And the cherubim shall spread forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubim be. And you shall put the mercy seat on top of the
And again God states “…and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give
thee.” Ex. 25:21
GENERAL INFORMATION CONCERNING THE ARK
It was called:
||Aron Ha Eduth
||“the Ark of the
||Aron Ha Berith
||“the Ark of the
Its purpose and location:
The ark of the covenant occupies the leading place in the Divine communications to Moses.
Its position in the tabernacle in the wilderness was most marked.
Shut in within the vail, in the holiest of all, it formed the base of
Its very name conveys to the mind its import.
An ark, so far as the Word instructs us, is designed to preserve intact whatever is put therein.
On the basis of I Kings 8:9 and 2 Chronicles 5:10, it is usually considered that the ark was used as a repository for nothing except the two tables of the Law.
However the pot of manna and Aaron’s rod were kept beside the tables in the holy of Holies.
(See Exodus 16:34)
was an oblong coffer, or chest
Plated with gold
within and without
|With an exterior
border round the top, of pure gold
"Make an atonement cover of pure gold"
In some commentaries and books on the Jewish ritual the mercy-seat is described as being “the lid of the ark”;
but that is a mistake. The ark had its own lid, of acacia wood plated with gold;
but in the Divine directory, (Exodus 25:17) the mercy-seat is spoken of as an object distinct from the ark, and formed of gold only.
The lid covered the ark, but the mercy-seat covered the lid; verse 21 of Exodus 25 says, “Thou shalt put the mercy-seat,”
(Hebrew `al- haa'aaron,)
“upon the ark above.”
So, on the day of atonement,
the high priest is directed to sprinkle the blood,
not on the surface of the lid of the ark, but
upon the front of the mercy-seat toward the east. In size,
it was precisely of the same length and breadth as the ark,
so as to fit within the rim which surrounded the lid,
and, according to the Talmud, (Succah 5,) was a
hand-breadth in thickness.
The name by which it is commonly designated is
||used only of the cover of the sacred Ark
The Hebrew name comes from kaphar,
which means “to cover;”
In Pihel, “to atone for,” and “to forgive.”
In the Hebrew Bible forgiveness is called “the covering of sin”
The mercy-seat is the place of meeting between a reconciled God and redeemed man.
Hebrews 4:16; Numbers 7:89).
United with, and fabricated of the same massive gold as the mercy-seat,
were two symbolical figures called
kerubaia); one at each end,
standing in a bending attitude, as if looking into the ark. Everything relating to these objects is veiled in mystery.
No intimation is given about their forms or lineaments,
except that their wings overspread the mercy-seat.
In the more graphic descriptions of the Cherubim as seen by Ezekiel the Prophet in (Ezekiel 1 and 10)
and by John in (Revelation 4); they are represented with the
four faces of the ox, the lion, the eagle, and the man ; but from Exodus 25:20 it may be inferred that those upon the ark had only the human visage; which seems to authorize the idea of Eben Ezra (Jewish teacher), that they had the appearance of “winged
cubits and a half
3 feet 9 inches
One cubit and a half
2 feet 3 inches
cubit and a half
2 feet 3 inches
Significance in Types
A type of Deity - Godliness
Shittim (Acacia) wood
A type of Consecrated humanity
Significance To Israel
A place to meet God
“And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from
above the mercy seat.” Exodus 25:22
A place of Atonement
“…make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year” Leviticus 16:34
A place of safety
“…in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.”
Significance Concerning Jesus who is called Christ
“Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they
which testify of me.” John 5:39
||Made of Acacia (Shittim) Wood
Showing the “consecrated
humanity” of Jesus, who
became the actual fulfillment of the type in that He became the Ark of
A crown of pure gold round about
Jesus Kingship, John 19:19.
The crown of gold held the two parts together and kept them in place.
He is now crowned with glory and honor, even as He was before the world began, and
it is He that holds all things together.
The word “Ark”
|In the Hebrew language
it means “Coffin”.
When Jesus was born He was wrapped in “swaddling clothes” or
Jesus was born to die, in our stead.
John 12:27. “but for this cause came I unto this hour.”
The ark was God’s throne among His people
I Samuel 8:4-7, I Timothy 6:14,15.
This ark, being made of a 3-fold construction, and having the crown, typifies Jesus during His ministry of 3 ½ years.
According to Matthew 5:17 Jesus came to fulfill
the law once and for all.
Also in the ark was Aaron’s rod that budded so from a dead stick came
John 1:4 states, “In him was life;” from his death came forth life and much
Also in the ark there was a pot of manna.
John 6:32,33 Jesus states, “Verily, verily, I say unto you Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world”.
The Staves and Rings
They were to hold the ark as it was carried.
They were not to be taken out,
and they teach us that both the First Covenant and the
New Covenant carry the Word of the Lord.
It also teaches us that Jesus Christ is with His people always. Hebrew 3:5
The ark rested in the midst of the Holy of Holies
Comparing with the stature of Christ, it occupies the place of the head.
See Matthew 18:20; John 20:19,21; Revelation 5:6.
The Mercy Seat
Or Propitiatory as the
states is completely covering the Ark of the Covenant.
An open ark would signify a place of Judgment and Justice.
The mercy seat was to be of pure gold, typifying that the mercy and grace of God
did not originate in the flesh that He had prepared for His Son,
but in the Pure Deity and heart of God before the foundation of the world.
The mercy seat and the two cherubims were made in one
Here no wood is used, revealing that NOW
there is no natural humanity at all, but with His Glorified Body,
being lifted up in resurrection and ascension into Heaven were He sits at the right hand of the Father, upon that blood-sprinkled mercy seat,
making intercession for us.
See Hebrews 7:25; 9:5; Leviticus 16:14.
The Significance concerning the Church
Which is the Body of Christ
Only the purest and most precious metal was used in connection with
the Holy of Holies.
The Ark was overlaid with gold inside, where it was not visible to the eye,
as well as outside where it was visible;
to teach us that man must be as pure in mind and heart as he appears pure in outward manner and bearing.
Especially is it the duty of a Scholar, continue the Rabbis, to be inwardly what he pretends to be outwardly.
An ark carried Noah and his family, together with all the orders
of creation, in safety over the billows
of judgment which covered the earth: This was the Largest Ark.
An ark, at the opening of this book, was faith’s vessel for preserving “a proper child” from the waters of death. This was the Smallest Ark.
When, therefore, we read of “the Ark of the Covenant,” we are led to believe that it was designed of God to preserve His covenant
unbroken in the midst of an erring people.
In it, as we know,
the second set of tables were deposited.
As to the first set, they were broken in pieces beneath the mount,
showing that man’s covenant was wholly abolished-that his work could never,
by any possibility,
form the basis of God’s throne of government. This is the Holiest Ark of them all.
The wings of the Cherubim
The wings of the Cherubim would thus
veil the sight of the mercy-seat from the eyes of the High Priest when he entered the Holy of Holies on the Day of Atonement;
and teach that no human being,
even one who penetrated into the Holy of Holies,
could attain to a full comprehension of God.
(Rabbi Hertz. )
The two Cherubim were to guard the holiness and righteousness of God.
They also guarded the tree of life
(I Samuel 6:19).
Even the mercy seat without the blood wouldn’t give man access to the Holy
The ark of the covenant was to accompany the people in all their wanderings.
It never rested while they were traveling or a conflicting host;
it went before them into the midst of Jordan.
No power of the enemy could stand before that which was the well-known
expression of the Divine presence and power.
|It went ahead of them
||Numbers 10:33; John 10:4
|It went ahead of them
||to Open the Way
|It went ahead of them
||Joshua 6:6; I Samuel 4
Its final resting place
The last notice which the Bible affords us of “The
Ark of the Covenant,” - a
notice which carries us
forward to a time when human folly and sin shall no more disturb the
resting-place of that ark, and
when neither a curtained tent nor yet a temple made with hands shall contain
“Ands the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in His temple
The Ark of His Covenant:” (Revelation
11:15-19; Exodus 25:9).
THE STAVES OF SHITTIM WOOD
The staves shall not be taken from it.
Because it should ever be considered as in readiness to be removed, God not having told them at what hour he should command them to strike their tents.
If the staves were never to be taken out, how can it be said, as in Numbers 4:6,
that when the camp would set forward, they should put in the staves thereof,
which appears to be contrary to what is here said in Exodus 25:15.
The key to the answer to this problem lies in the Hebrew word rendered
it also signifies “dispose,” and probably refers here to their insertion through the openings in the coverings made for receiving them,
to preserve them from touch of the carriers as well as from the influence of the weather.
In the Targum of Onkelos this Scripture reads, “Having inset its staves.”
And in the
Masoretic Text it reads
“They shall lay a covering of dolphin skin over it and spread a cloth of pure blue on top; and they shall put its poles in place.”
Looking at the Ark and Mercy-Seat together, we may see in them a striking figure of Jesus Christ in His Person and work. He having, in His life,
fulfilled the law, became, through death, a propitiation (or
Propitiatory-Mercy-Seat) for every one that believeth. See Romans 3:25
God’s mercy could only repose on a pedestal of perfect righteousness. “Grace reigns through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.” Romans 5:21
The only proper meeting-place between God and man is the point where grace and righteousness meet and perfectly harmonize.
|Nothing but perfect righteousness could
satisfy God's justice
|Nothing but perfect grace could
justify the sinner
|But were could these attributes meet in one point?
Only in the Cross.
There it is that “mercy and truth are met together; righteousness and peace have kissed each other.”
Thus it is that the soul of the believing sinner finds peace.
He sees that God’s righteousness and his justification rest upon precisely the same basis, namely,
Christ's accomplished work.
When man, under the powerful action of
of God, takes his place as a sinner,
God can, in the exercise of
take His place as a
SAVIOR, and then every question is settled,
having answered all the claims of Divine Justice, mercy’s copious streams can flow unhindered.
When a righteous God and a ruined sinner meet on a blood-sprinkled platform (THE MERCY SEAT
SETTLED FOREVER -
settled in such a way as a perfect Redeemer,
and eternally saves the one who has
However, the ark was not always to be a traveler.
“The afflictions of David,” as well as the wars of Israel,
were to have an end.
The prayer “Thou and the Ark of Thy Strength.” (Psalms 132:8).
This most sublime petition had its partial accomplishment in the days of Solomon,
when “the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the Lord into his place,
into the oracle of the house, to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubim.
And drew out the staves, that the ends of the staves were seen out in the holy place before the oracle,
and they were not seen without:
and there they are unto this day.” I Kings 8:6-8
The sand of the desert was exchanged for the golden floor of the temple. (I Kings 6:30).
NOW I SHOW YOU A MYSTERY.
SEE IF YOU CAN FIGURE IT OUT BEFORE I COME TO ITS ANSWER.
||The Ark of the Covenant and Mercy Seat
||The Table of Shewbread
God has left out the Golden Altar of Incense - Why??
||If something is repeated it is calling your attention to it.
||If something is left out it is saying to you:
"Look at me,
I have something to say."
||Precept upon precept and line upon line as the Scripture states.
||Rightly dividing the truth is your goal as Paul states in the
Scripture. (II Timothy 2:15)
||The Bible will explain itself if you search it out.
(23) Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the
length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.
(24) And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of
gold round about.
(25) And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and
thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.
(26) And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the
four corners that are on the four feet thereof.
(27) Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to
bear the table.
28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with
gold, that the table may be borne with them.
(29) And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers
thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.
(30) And thou shalt set upon the table Shewbread before me alway.
“But in the holy place he placed a
table, like those at Delphi:
cubits, and its breadth one cubit,
and its height three
had feet also, the lower half of which were complete feet,
which the Dorians put to their bedsteads; but the upper parts towards the
table were wrought into a square form. The table had a hollow towards every
side, having a ledge of four fingers’
depth, that went round about like a
spiral, both on the upper and lower part of the body of the work.
one of the feet was there also inserted a ring, not far from the cover,
through which went bars of wood beneath,
but gilded, to be taken out upon
occasion, there being a cavity where it was joined to the rings;
were not entire rings; but before they came quite round,
they ended in acute
points, the one of which was inserted into the prominent part of the table,
and the other into the foot;
and by these it was carried when they
journeyed. Upon this table,
which was placed on the north side of the
temple, not far from the most holy place,
were laid twelve unleavened loaves
of bread, six upon each heap,
one above another: they were made of two
tenth-deals of the purest flour, which tenth dead
[an omer] is a measure of
the Hebrews, containing seven Athenian catylae;
and above these loaves were
put two vials full of frankincense.
(Antiquities of the Jews Book III Page 73 Josephus)
It was called:
||The table of shittim wood
||The Pure Table
Moses is next instructed about “the table of shewbread,”
or bread of
On this sacred table stood the food of the priests of God.
seven days those twelve loaves of “fine flour with frankincense”
presented before the Lord God, after which,
being replaced by other loaves
of bread, they became the food of the priests,
who fed upon them (not in
their tents) but in the holy place. (Leviticus 24:5-9)
It is needless to say
that those twelve loaves not only typify the twelve tribes of Israel but
|The loaves of bread
||the man Jesus Christ
|The fine flour
||His perfect manhood
||(He that knew no sin became sin
||the entire devotion of Jesus
||(I do those things that please my father)
It occupied the north side of the room according to Exodus 40:22,23.
A rectangle box on legs.
|Two cubits long 3 feet.
One cubit wide 1 ½ feet.
1 ½ cubits high 2 ½ feet
The border was either on the top surface of the table or attached to the
legs half-way, so as to keep them together like rungs of a chair.
illustration on the Arch of Titus favors the latter view. This Arch of Titus
(which shows the table of Shewbread taken from the temple in 70AD)
central border with traces of decorative work.
Jars ... bowls
Jars and chalices used for the libation of wine which
accompanied the burning of the incense.
The former would be the large
flagons in which the wine was stored; the latter,
the bowls used in the
actual libation. (Rabbi Hertz)
|The Table speaks of
||the humanity of Jesus
|overlaid with pure gold
||His Divine Nature
Note the three crowns:
||Ark of the Covenant
||THE CROWN OF THE LAW
||The atoning blood between it, and the cherubim its
||Altar of Incense
||THE CROWN OF THE
||Its incense fired only by the fire from the altar of
||Table of Shewbread
||THE CROWN OF THE KINGDOM
||The twelve tribes symbolizes by the twelve loaves.
The Boarder of an
Four fingers are an hand’s breadth and
there are four things indispensable for real and right communion with God.
||FAITH IN JESUS CHRIST
||which admits us to the family of God
||(Galatians 3:26; John 1:12)
||HOLINESS AND CONSISTENCY
||of the daily walk with God
||SOUNDNESS AND BOLDNESS
||in maintaining the truth of the person of
||to the Lordship of Jesus Christ
There were 12 loaves, in 2 rows of 6 each, placed upon the table:
a fullness of bread
||The 12 loaves
||They also represent the 12
tribes of Israel
as well as the 12 Apostles
||The 12 loaves were pierced
||showing not only the
suffering but government of Jesus
||2 rows of 6 each
||show forth the 66 books of
||2 rows of 6
||speaks of witness
and that it is for man
|(2 is the number of witness)
(created 6th day)
||Shewbread made of fine flour
||“I am that bread of life”
||Isaiah 53:3-10; John 6:48
||I Corinthians 10:17
||2/10 deals to each cake
||typical of the double
||one for time
and one for eternity
||Frankincense upon each row
||A type of Faith
||(also prayer and praise)
||Our experience with God must
Shewbread, ‘bread of the Presence’
It is described in Leviticus 24:5-9,
where it is said to have consisted of twelve loaves of wheaten flour,
corresponding in number to the tribes of Israel. The symbolic meaning of the
Shewbread was a matter of conjecture
among the Jews. Maimonides confesses, ‘I DO NOT KNOW
THE OBJECT OF THE TABLE WITH THE BREAD UPON IT CONTINUALLY,
AND UP TO THIS
DAY I HAVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO ASSIGN ANY REASON TO THIS COMMANDMENT.’
To the Jew, its a mystery but to the Church of the Living God,
it is very clear...
Showbread, [lechem paaniym]
- literally, bread of faces,
presence bread [Septuagint,
(Lev 24:5-9); so called because it was
constantly exhibited before the Lord, or
because the bread of His presence, like the
angel of His presence, pointed symbolically
to Christ. It consisted of twelve unleavened
loaves, said traditionally to have been laid
in piles of six each. This bread was
designed to be a symbol of the full and
never-failing provision which is made in the Church for the spiritual
sustenance and refreshment of God's people.
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database.
Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)
thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the
candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his
knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.
(32) And six
branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the
candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick
out of the other side:
bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch;
and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and
a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.
(34) And in
the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their
knops and their flowers.
there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under
two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same,
according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.
knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one
beaten work of pure gold.
thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the
lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.
(38) And the
tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.
(39) Of a
talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.
look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in
“Over against this table, near the southern wall, was set a
cast gold, hollow within,
being of the weight of one hundred
the Hebrews call Chinchares; if it be turned into the Greek language,
It was made with its knops, and lilies,
and bowls, (which ornaments amounted to seventy in all;)
by which means the
shaft elevated itself on high from a single base, and spread itself into as
many branches as there are planets, including the sun among them.
terminated in seven heads, in one row,
all standing parallel to one another;
and these branches carried seven lamps,
one by one, in imitation of the
number of the planets. These lamps looked to the east and to the south,
candlestick being situate obliquely.”
(Antiquities of the Jews Book III Pg.
It was called
|menowrah (men-o-raw'); or menorah
|The candlestick of pure gold comes next in order,
for God’s priests need light as well as food;
and they have both in Jesus Christ.
|In this candlestick there is no mention of any thing
but pure gold.
“All of it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.”
|The seven lamps which “gave
light over against the candlestick”
express the perfection of the light and also the energy of the Holy
Spirit which is founded upon and connected with the perfect efficacy
of the work of Jesus Christ
(They may see your good works and glorify your father which
is in heaven).
The Candlestick set on the south side of the Holy Place to the left
A shaft with four bowls made like unto almonds, with knops and flowers
Six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches out of
Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one
branch. 6 Branches x 3 bowls per branch = 18 bowls on the 6 branches
There is no size mentioned.
How can you limit the light of God’s word to a lost and
Remember the words of our Savior and King “Work while it is
day lest the night come when no man can work” and
“Ye are the light of the
world” and “And look that thou make them after their pattern which I showed thee
in the mount.” Exodus 25:40).
Among the spoils of the Temple (70AD) depicted on the
Arch of Titus the
candlestick is conspicuous. The six branches of that candlestick curved to
the same height as the central shaft, so that all the seven lamps were in a
Titus, after the overthrow of Jerusalem in a. D. 70,
had the golden
candlestick and the golden table of the shew-bread, the silver trumpets,
the book of the law, taken out of the temple and carried in triumph to Rome
and Vespasian lodged them in the temple which he had consecrated to the
goddess of Peace. Some plants also of the balm af Jericho are said to have
been carried in the procession. At the foot of Mount Palatine there are the
ruins of an arch on which the triumph of Titus for his conquest of the Jews
is represented, and on which the several monuments which were carried in the
procession are sculptured, and particularly the golden candlestick,
table of the shew-bread and the two silver trumpets. A correct MODEL of this
arch, taken on the spot,
now stands before me, and the spoils of the temple,
the candlestick, the golden table,
and the two trumpets, are represented on
the panel on the left hand, in the inside of the arch,
(from Adam Clarke Commentary)
You will notice that there is also a
rendition with the lamps cascading, instead of straight across,
and this is why:
“And you shall make the seven lamps thereof; and they shall light the
lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it”
Targum of Palestine
“And thou shalt make its seven lights, and the priest who ministers
shall kindle the lights, that they may shine over upon its face."
“…it shall give light toward the body of it.”
1915 copy of the Hebrew Cannon by Isaac Leeser
“…to give light over against it.”
the Jewish Publication Society in 1965
Conclusion the light must shine on the center shaft, just as our light must
reveal the father and Savior of us all.
These were formed in the shape of an opened almond blossom,
exterior being the ‘knops’,
and the interior the ‘flowers’;
the outer and
inner petals. (Rabbi Hertz)
Receptacles for the oil and wick, probably shaped like elongated
Over against it
Or, ‘in front of it.’
According to Rashi, the lamps
were so arranged that the wick-mouths from which the flame burned were
directed towards the central shaft. (Rabbi Hertz)
Talent of pure gold
Josephus gives the weight of a
talent as one hundred pounds, and
that is approximately correct.
The values would be about six thousand pounds
sterling. (Rabbi Hertz)
||tells us that our humanity and
natural man plays no part in the Gospel Light.
(Even Jesus, the man,
did not show forth His own light, but
rather the light of His Father)
“It is the father within me that does the works”
Jesus was the Word From Heaven, no wood
||speaks of the
fellowship of His sufferings
The bowl mentioned here in Exodus 25:34 is taken from the Hebrew word
meaning Calyx, (that green sheathing that covers the buds of the flower,
opens up as the bud protrudes).
The knop is the seed-pod of the flower upon
which the blossom appears.
The Calyx typifies the Father (John
The seed pod speaks of Jesus who was the
Incorruptible seed of the Word of God, from which is brought forth
the Beauty and Fragrance of the Holy Spirit.
This central shaft was made up of
4 bowls, and 4 knops and 4 flowers,
can only speak of:
Jesus who being the Creative Force of God as the Word of
God as we find in Hebrews 1:2
“….by whom also he made the worlds;”
spiritual significance of numbers
in the introduction of this study.
The six branches, three from either side,
each containing 3 bowls,
knops, and 3 flowers,
or 9 parts (Finality of judgment).
I also want to point to you another type of 9
that is found in I Corinthians 12:4-10. Wisdom,
gifts of healing, working of miracles,
of spirits, divers kinds of tongues,
the interpretation of tongues. Nine in
all gifts of the Holy Spirit:
The Holy Spirit (9) show forth God’s anointed and Spirit-filled ministers.
The 3 branches on the left of the Candlestick, are made up of 9 parts,
making a total of 27 parts, typify the Old Testament prophets together
with the central shaft, containing 12 parts, typifying Jesus ministry
(which was under the law) making a total
of 39 parts, which just happens to be the
number of books in the Old Testament.
The 3 branches on the right of the Candlestick, each
with their 9 parts, signify the books of
the New Testament which just happens to be 27.
The Holy Spirit is not only the 9 gifts to the church,
but also as Jesus states of the Comforter which is the Holy Spirit will
“reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:”
The Candlestick would not be complete or perfect with either the Old or New
Three denotes completeness, as three lines complete a plane figure.
three is a significant of Divine perfection and completeness.
The third day
completes the fundamentals of creation-work.
The fourth, fifth,
days are the counterpart and repetition of the first, second,
and third days
of creation and correspond respectively.
The number three includes Resurrection also; for on the third day the
earth rose up out of the deep, and fruit rose up out of the earth.
Jesus Christ rose up from the grave on the 3rd day.
We have a multiplication of 4 x 3, or 12,
which is the number of parts in the main three, or a Fullness.
The central shaft speaks to us of
the center and source
of our unity (1 piece) and power in the Spirit.
Jesus is the True Vine and we His followers are the Branches
Jesus is the Candlestick and His servants are the branches.
The 6 branches proceed from the sides of the main Candlestick in pairs, not
from the front:
|Not to exalt
ourselves, but to show forth Jesus Christ
“For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord; and ourselves
your servants for Jesus’ sake.” II
Pure Oil Olive
Leviticus 24:1-4. A particular type of olive that gives
forth much oil, but it first must be beaten and bruised,
and then put into a
press under tremendous pressure so that the oil might be extracted.
the Oil Press.
Oil was for anointing -
Jesus was anointed. Acts 4:27;
Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18
Jesus had the spirit without measure.
A Candlestick without fire is absolutely useless as a “light-giver”,
though it be made of pure gold and is highly polished.
The Priests walked in this light to perform the services of God.
So we must walk in Him (our light)
to fulfill His service.
The Priests could only fulfill God’s services as they walked in the light
that He provides.
All natural light was excluded.
The moment they wished to walk by natural light they must go outside the
As soon ass they were outside, they could no longer see the wondrous
Was derived from a source that never went out.
It was trimmed daily. Exodus
It revealed the table of Shewbread.
It also revealed the altar of incense -
Praise and Prayer.
The light was promised to
The Church of the Last days
None but the priest had any jurisdiction over the Candlestick
|Even so none but
Jesus who is the Christ of God can give us light.
It is Jesus who trims the lamps, and instructs us in His service.
No measurement is given of the Candlestick
Jesus came as a light to every
man who came into the world.
Whosoever will may come to this light.
Duties performed in the light
II Chronicles 5:13,14
I Thessalonians 5:5,6
Christ is our light
John 1:4,9;8:12;12:46 and I John 1:5 and Ephesians 5:14
and I John 1:7.
(15) And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing
(16) Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall
be the breadth of one board.
(17) Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another:
thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle.
(18) And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the
south side southward.
(19) And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two
sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.
(20) And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall
be twenty boards:
(21) And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two
sockets under another board.
(22) And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards.
(23) And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the
(24) And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled
together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two
(25) And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen
sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.
(26) And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one
side of the tabernacle,
(27) And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and
five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.
(28) And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to
(29) And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold
for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.
(30) And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof
which was shewed thee in the mount.
An oblong box.
30 x 10 x 10
Box divided into two parts
20 x 10 x 10 cubits
Holy of Holies
10 x 10 x 10 cubits
Parts of the framework
Each board was 1 ½ cubits wide by 10 cubits in length
There were 20 boards on the south
8 boards on the west (2 are lapped in the corners)
20 boards on the north
Each board had two tenons (like feet) on the bottom which stood in two
sockets of silver
Each board was covered over with gold (Isaiah
These boards were held in place by five bars on each of the three sides,
while 20 cubits back were 4 pillars, which supported the inner vail which
separated the Holy Place, front, from the Most Holy Place, back.
The combination of His human and Divine
natures - God manifested in the flesh
(I Timothy 3:16)
The two contrasting materials of which each board was made,
(the wood and the gold)
illustrate perfectly the humanity
and the Divinity (gold) of Christ.
Since the acacia wood had always been noted for its incorruptibility,
we have a fitting symbol of the
sinlessness and incorruptibility of the human nature of
Peter tells us Jesus did no sin, neither
was guile found in His mouth. (I
Jesus was tempted in all points like as we are, yet without sin
See also John 3:5;
Even in death His body didn’t see corruption,
for it was prophesied
“His soul would not be left in hell, neither would His flesh see
They represent the individual believers of whom the church is
built together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
From the position of the boards, standing
up, we may be reminded that they must
have previously been cut down.
Even so believers were once children of wrath.
But they have been selected by Divine Grace and have been brought low
by the conviction of the Holy Spirit, are now standing in Grace
Each board would fit anywhere it was placed, so
we should fit anywhere God wants to place us
Though every regenerated soul is born into the family of God,
and as such has his place in the
church, yet in order to properly fill
that place in the assembly of believers, three
things are necessary-
Faith in redemption
represent Depth down to the sockets of silver
Hope of glory
Height up to the rings of gold
Love to All Saints
extending to boards on either side
These 48 boards were made of shittim wood, typifying
overlaid with pure gold, overshadowed by the very presence of God Himself.
48 is the product of fullness (12) x cleansing (4),
or showing forth the
fullness of cleansing that is offered to all men who will avail themselves
of the provision made on Calvary.
48 is also the product of (8)
which speaks of resurrection (Jesus arose
from the grave the 8th or 1st day of the week), x (6),
man or resurrected
Consider Romans 6:3,4. The number does
not mean that God has limited His Church to that number only,
but rather, that
ALL who meet those
particular qualifications may enter and partake. Exodus 26:19.
Standing on silver sockets show the atonement work of Calvary (30 pieces of
silver) where Jesus paid the Price of Redemption.
Please note in Exodus
30:11-16 the Lord commanded and demanded that every man of Israel,
numbered, was compelled to pay ½
shekels of silver to make an atonement for
A ½ shekel is 10
(10 is the number in Bible numerics
The rich pays no more and the poor pays no
Everyone was equal.
The ½ speaks of the broken body of Jesus Christ.
There were two silver sockets for each board. These silver sockets separated
the boards from the desert.
Once we become separated from the world, we must be found always
separated by the power of God as we remain the true foundation of
Also each revelation of God that we receive
brings us to a further spiritual separation from every worldly hindrance.
Again there were two sockets of silver under each board. These sockets were
the foundation of the Tabernacle. Psalms 11:3 shows us the importance of the
We have so many
WINDS OF DOCTRINE
today, that we must be sure we are
standing firm upon the solid foundation of Jesus Christ.
“We are built
upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being
the chief corner stone.”
Five on each side
the 5-fold ministry.
“And he gave some
Evangelists, Pastors, Teachers”
Also held together by the atoning work of Jesus Christ
thou shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine
twined linen of cunning
work: with cherubims shall it be made:
thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with
gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver.
thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring
in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail
shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.
thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the
most holy place.
thou shalt set the table without the vail, and the candlestick over
against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and
thou shalt put the table on the north side.
Now we come to the third opening (coming from the outside). The first
opening being the Gate of the Court which led to the
Brazen Altar and the
There we see:
|Jesus as the way
|He is the way to the
place of cleansing
|He is the way to the blood
||(the cleansing from the penalty of
|He is the way to the water
||(the Word of cleansing from the defilement of
Then we see the second entry, the Door:
|Jesus is the Truth
|Jesus is the door of truth that leads us to the
place of the Golden Candlestick, the quickening and light of the
Word and world
|He is the door of truth that leads us to the
place of the Table of Shewbread, the table of Himself that feeds
and nourishes us in Him.
Now we come to the Third Entry which pictures Jesus as the Life.
The Vail, the Third Entry,
broke or separated between the Holy Place and the
Holy of Holies. It also signifies something hidden. This vail served as a
screen to hide the things in the Holy of Holies and also hide the glory of
God above the mercy seat. Exodus 34:33-35; II Corinthians 3:18.
When Israel desired to know the mind of God, the high priest would come and
stand before this vail with the Urim and Thummim (see the
High Priest and
His garments). And as the rays of the Shekinah glory came
through the vail and touched the lights of the Urim and Thummim,
knew the will of God for the people.
Now we, the Church of the Living God,
have access to the throne of God, not as
a high Priest only, but as Sons of the Living God,
through Jesus Christ our
Lord, as the power from His throne touches the lights and perfection of the
seed of the Word in our hearts. Then we grow in the knowledge of His will.
This vail meant life for Israel,
for as the priest stood here and discerned
the will of God, it meant life to them.
This Inner Vail was made of the same materials as the
Outer Vail with these
||The Inner Vail had Cherubim
woven with Gold
||It hung upon 4 pillars instead of 5
||These 4 pillars stood in sockets of silver rather
In Matthew 27:51-53. It is commonly taught that this Vail only teaches
the rending of Jesus Flesh upon Calvary. Actually the Outer Vail more
perfectly shows his death.
||The four curtains speak of
cleansing for us
||The five pillars speak of
atonement for us
||Considering the fact that there were 20 cubits
distance between these two Vails, shows us, dispensationally speaking,
that there are 2,000 years between the
two. (Joshua 3:3,4)
Now here stood Israel at the crossing of Jordan (death to carnality),
but by the command of God, the Ark
(Jesus) proceeded the congregation into death by
approximately 2,000 years.
Now the congregation must follow.
||These 4 pillars speak of cleansing through
(self-crucifixion); standing not upon judgment, but rather upon the
redemptive work of Jesus Christ accomplished on Calvary.
||had 4 pillars
||had 5 pillars
||5 Writers of Epistles*
||had 4 pillars
* 5 Writers: Paul, Peter, James, John and Jude.
Thou shalt set
Rashi gives the traditional account of the
arrangement of the furniture in
The Table of Shewbread was set in the north, two and a half
cubits from the wall;
the candlestick in the south, an equal distance from
and between the two was the Golden altar of incense.
The Outer Vail
thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and
purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.
thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood, and
overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and thou
shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.
The Outer Vail has a hanging made of blue,
purple, scarlet, and fine-twined
linen. The fine-twined linen tells the story of the extreme and detailed
sufferings which Jesus Christ bore in His flesh. “But he was wounded for our
transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our
peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” Isaiah 53:5
||The 4 Curtains
||signify cleansing for
||The 5 pillars
||speak of atonement
||The Brass Sockets
||speak of Jesus bearing
As the Eastern Gate was a type of Christ (the way)
even so the Door is a
type of Christ (the Truth). Isaiah gives 5 names to Christ:
||Prince of Peace
Another significance of the five pillars is the overcoming Church (God’s
present dwelling place).
Revelation 3:12, tells us that the Overcomer will
be made a pillar in the Temple of God.
As the pillars held up and showed off
the white linen curtain, so will the overcomers show forth the righteousness
of Christ. Ephesians 4:24; I Peter 2:9.
||Threads dyed a very
dark blue, perhaps violet, derived, according to the Rabbis, from the
blood of a shell-fish found in the Mediterranean Sea.
||A reddish purple; a
dye likewise obtained from a species of shell-fish . “And
Judas returned to take the spoils of the camp, and they got much gold,
and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great
riches.” I Machabees 4:23
of shinning”, from its brilliant hue.
The worm referred to is the cochineal
insect. The Arabs called it
is derived the English word ‘crimson’.
||‘A kind of linen which was only produced
in Egypt’ (Ibn Ezra), and worn by the royal family and the highest
||This hair was woven by women into yarn
(Exodus 35:26) making a hard-wearing material most suitable as a
||Hebrew word here is Tachash;
possibly a species of sea-animal
common in the Red Sea. Jewish legend
explains it as a unique animal, which existed only in the time of
of Shittim’, the Arabic name of
the acacia tree. This tree grows
abundantly in the Sinai Peninsula, but
not farther north. It is a most
The offering was brought willingly in great abundance;
so much so there was
some to spare. In the gathering of these materials we shall find exemplified
in the Lord Jesus Christ, the supplier of every need that man has.
the man Jesus dwells the mighty Jehovah Jireh, the God who provides.
The entire Tabernacle was made of, and with,
available material and
Israel did not import anything or any one from a surrounding
They used, and God used, what they had.
The Church does not need the
worlds methods or schemes to build the Kingdom of God.
As the Scripture
states “Except the Lord build the house, we labor in vain that build it.”
Covering - Fine Twined Linen
(1) Moreover thou shalt make the
tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and
purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make
length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the
breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains
shall have one measure.
(3) The five
curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five
curtains shall be coupled one to another.
(4) And thou
shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the
selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the
uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.
loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou
make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second;
that the loops may take hold one of another.
(6) And thou
shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with
the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle.
The fine twined linen typifies “The Righteousness of God”
which we obtain
through Jesus Christ, and becomes our
or our undergarments
without which we haven’t even started.
||Made of ten curtains
|speaks of judgment
in Bible Numerics
||Interspersed with embroidery work of blue, purple,
scarlet and golden cherubims.
|The traditional explanation is that in this
class of work a design appeared on both sides of the fabric.
Speaks of the mixture of God and Man in
|Speaks of the Holy Spirit from Heaven,
Holy Ghost anointing
|Speaks of the Royalty of Christ in us,
for He came from Heaven,
he was Anointed - blue - (so are
was bathed in blood - red - (so are
the mixture of Blue and Red makes Purple
|Speaks of the Blood which constantly covers
||Cherubims of Gold (made
of a fine golden wire)
|Shows the presence
Jesus is that golden thread throughout the Scriptures. John 5:39
||These ten curtains were all identical in size and
construction, 28 cubits in length
|4 x 7 = 28
4 is cleansing and
7 is perfection, or perfect
cleansing in Christ Jesus, and
4 cubits wide (again there is
cleansing for all)
||Five Curtains sewn together to become one curtain
|5 is the number of atonement, and we are
One in Christ
having had our sins atoned for by the blood that came from His 5
Remember that we are His Tabernacle
||Then another 5 curtains sewn together to become one
and then the two large curtains being fastened together by means of 50
loops of Blue each
|50 means Pentecost and
Blue stands for the Holy Spirit who came down from heaven
on the day of Pentecost
Two curtain of
50 loops each, totaling a double
portion of Pentecost
(The former and latter Rain of Hosea
||The tabernacle was 30 cubits long, 10 cubits wide and
10 cubits high, totaling 3,000 cubits
of cubical content,
|Typifying 3,000 years from
Jesus to the end of the Millennium
||There was a division between the front and the back,
and the front was 20 cubits long
|Typifying the 2,000 years of the Church Age,
and the one large curtain was the exact size to place
over the ‘Holy Place’
||Having 9 cubits of curtain hanging down on either
side but lacking one cubit of touching the ground
|Speaks of the
work of the Holy Spirit = 9 gifts
(I Cor. 12)
Tells us that we may not contaminate the righteousness of Jesus
with human effort
||The two large curtains were then fastened together by
means of 50 Gold Pins, (taches)
|Which speaks again of
This connection is made directly over the
Golden Altar, or just at the
|Signifies the end
of this age.
“In the last days I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh”
and the time of great travail that must take place soon.
|Then we shall see the fullness of God’s
power poured out upon His Church,
and not only a double portion,
but a 3-fold power of spiritual outpouring.
Consider this, Elijah went with the third fifty (2 Kings
||The second large curtain covers the back part called
‘The Most Holy Place’, and this time
it reaches to the ground behind
eternal reign of Jesus
Christ and His Church
at that time the ground (or earth) will not be contaminated,
for there shall be a New Heaven
and a New Earth which are not contaminated.
||“And thou shalt make fifty clasps of gold, and couple
the curtains one to another with the clasps,
that the Tabernacle may be one whole.”
They were formed of separate pieces, yet they were so arranged that when
they formed the covering of the Tabernacle they were a single whole.
Similarly the community of Israel, comprising different tribes and families,
must be linked together in peace and solidarity (Ibn Ezra)
How much More should the church be one in Jesus Christ.
that all of them may be one, Father,
just as you are in me and I am in you.
May they also be in us so that the
world may believe that you have sent me. (22)
I have given them the glory that you gave me,
that they may be one as we are one: (23)
I in them and you in me. May they be
brought to complete unity to let the world know that you sent me and
have loved them even as you have loved me.
|To be put into effect when the
times will have reached their fulfillment-to bring all things in
heaven and on
earth together under one head, even Christ. (NIV)
(14) For he himself is our
peace, who has made the two one and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall
of hostility, (15)
by abolishing in his flesh the law with its
commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man
out of the two, thus making peace, (16)
and in this one body to reconcile both of them to God
through the cross, by which he put to death their hostility.
came and preached peace to you who were far away and peace to those who were
For through him we both have access to the
Father by one Spirit.
(19) Consequently, you
are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with God's people and
members of God's household, (20)
built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ
Jesus himself as the chief cornerstone. (21)
In him the whole building is joined together and
rises to become a holy temple in the Lord. (22)
And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in
which God lives by his Spirit. (NIV)
Covering - Goat's Hair
thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair to be a covering upon the
tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make.
length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one
curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one
thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by
themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the
thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is
outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain
which coupleth the second.
thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the
loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one.
(12) And the
remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain
that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.
(13) And a
cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which
remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang
over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to
This curtain of Goat’s Hair is made up of 11 curtains and in Bible
Numerics 11 speaks of Mercy Towards Man. And in view of the fact that there were
curtains sewn together and placed over the front part,
we believe it tells
us that God’s mercy is toward our humanity, or rather,
covers our humanity.
(6 = number of man, created on 6th day)
||Their measurements are now different from the first
curtain - 30 Cubits
|Which speak of God’s judgment upon us until we
||This Sanctuary must be clean
|Their ends reached unto the ground on either
and so does our humanity also reach to this earth,
and is often contaminated with worldly affairs,
but again, there is the cleansing.
||Note that the six become
one, were placed over the front end
|or the church age (2,000
cubits is the first section)
|For during the millennium (1,000
cubits of the last section) our
‘humanity’ or ‘mortality’
will have passed away.
(It ends with the 7th Trump in Revelation 10:7).
Covering - Ram's Skin dyed red
And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red
Jesus was that Lamb of God. His raiment was dyed red with His own blood.
tread that “winepress” alone for us. (Isaiah 63:1-7;
||No measurements mentioned
|but enough to cover all who would come. And the
3rd covering must show forth God’s Seal and Sign
||We are always under the Blood
|This is our protection against Satanic
possession and deception.
The first blood covenant was made with Adam, who in turn taught
Abel believes it,
Noah offered a lamb,
Isaac became Abraham’s lamb,
Moses had an altar and
Calvary became ours.
The 4th - Outer
Covering (drab, rough cover)
- Badger Skins
... and a covering above of badgers' skins.
The only covering visible from the outside.
||This cover had no definite measure
|“…he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we
shall see him, there is NO BEAUTY that we should
||Absolutely no beauty-unattractive appearance
|“As many were astounded at thee;
his visage was so marred more
than any man, and his form more
than the sons of men. (Isaiah
52:14; Matthew 27:26-31)
||Covered the beauty within
|So it was with Jesus. “And
was transfigured before them: and
his face did shine as the sun, and
his raiment was white as the light.”
And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and
five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height
thereof shall be three cubits.
thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his
horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.
thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and
his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels
thereof thou shalt make of brass.
thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net
shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.
thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net
may be even to the midst of the altar.
thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and
overlay them with brass.
the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon
the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so
shall they make it.
It was called:
The Brazen Altar
The Altar of Burnt Offering
The Altar by the Door of the Tabernacle
The Altar of Shittim Wood
This altar stood in the court yard just inside the gate.
It was the
foundation of the whole worship of the nation of Israel. Their very
acceptance with their God depended upon the sacrifices that were offered
|How true it is that the spiritual life of every
believer is bound upon the cross of Calvary of which this altar was a
||The Brazen Altar stood at the gate of entrance representing God’s
|These must be met before God can have
fellowship with the sinner.
||This altar demanded a sacrifice and blood.
|There the innocent bore the judgment for
the guilty. (Isaiah 53:3-6; Hebrews 9:12-14)
||The altar was the place of meeting.
|God meets man at the altar. (Romans 10:9,10)
The Cross today is the basis and ground of all access To and
fellowship With God.
Made of shittim wood, overlaid with brass. It’s dimensions were 5 Cubits square by 3 Cubits high
and was overlaid with Brass. The types are as follows:
||Overlaid with brass
|Brass is a type of judgment
Here we see “Consecrated
Humanity” being immersed in
Judgment, and holding within itself the fires that are able to
burn out our dross. (Malachi
cubits high, 5 cubits square
|The height declares it to be God’s while
the width speaks of Atonement
||The altar was hollow
|Showing our utter
inability to fulfill God’s will in our own strength.
||There were no steps up to the altar
|Man could take no
steps (works) of himself toward God.
“No man comes to God unless the Spirit draws him”
God has taken all the steps toward man
||The fire could burn without and
|A type of complete
||The altar had capacity enough to contain all the other
vessels of the sanctuary
|Thus within one great sacrifice on the
Cross every spiritual blessing is comprehended.
All of our blessings are linked up with and are a result of
Christ’s death and blood.
This altar was fashioned and built by the hands of man,
that the beloved Son
of God was crucified;
| “Him, being delivered by the determinate
counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands
have crucified and slain:” Acts 2:23
The word Altar
is the Hebrew word Mizbeach
and is derived from the Hebrew
word Zabach meaning
to kill or to slay
and also means offer
|It is a type of Jesus Christ who Offered Himself up
as a sacrifice for the sins of the world.
This altar had to do with priestly ministry and consecration and the
never went out upon it. Leviticus 6:13.
|We find in Leviticus 1 that the Burnt offering was the
only offering of the Five that was ALL CONSUMED by
the fire (In the study of Leviticus you will find the Jesus Christ is a
type of all five offerings).
|He willingly offered Himself a whole burnt offering. He
held nothing back and thus satisfied the heart of God for us.
HE HELD NOTHING BACK.
affections, devotions and desires
thoughts and will
general health and vigor of the whole
There was a horn upon each corner of this altar.
|These horns speak of atonement being offered to the
four corners of the earth.
The horn also
of Calvary’s finished work
of God in raising Jesus from the dead
of God in spoiling principalities and evil powers
of saving, healing and baptizing with the Holy Spirit
There were projections at each of the four corners of the altar. The
commonly accepted view is that they were pointed at the top. Josephus,
describing the altar in the Second Temple, says:
“Before this tabernacle there was reared a brazen altar,
but it was within
made of wood, five cubits by measure on each side,
but its height was but three,
manner adorned with brass plates,
as bright as gold.
It had also a brazen hearth of
net-work; for the ground underneath received the fire from the hearth,
because it had no basis
to receive it. Hard by this altar lay the basins,
and the vials, and the censers,
the caldrons, made of gold;
but the other vessels, made for the use of the sacrifices were
all of brass.”
(Josephus Antiquities of the Jews book III Pg. 73)
The purpose of the horns can only be conjectured.
The horn was the symbol
|power (Psalms 18:2;
Jeremiah 48:25; Daniel 7:8)
these horns no doubt typified to the worshipper the might of God and His
ability to protect those who resorted to His altar.
a fugitive, unless he was a murderer,
obtained safety by
seizing hold of the altar-horns.
Among the Greeks, an altar gave asylum to
In the Middle Ages, the Church offered
criminals of every description.
The Brazen Altar is a type of Jesus Christ in that Christ the man covered
with righteousness by which he could stand the Divine force which was to try
him. Even as the shittim wood could not have withstood the fire which was
kindled upon it and kept burning without a covering,
even so the man Jesus
who is the Christ of God could not have withstood the fiery trials which
were to beset Him, without being covered or overlaid with the very presence
of Almighty God.
All of the other pieces of furniture in the tabernacle no,
matter how costly,
or what their official work or power was to be,
they were not of the
slightest value to the worshipper until the Blood that was shed on the
Brazen Altar had touched them.
In the 9th chapter of the book of Hebrews, the
power of the blood of the sacrifices, verses
19 & 21.
Note: it is not
recorded in the Pentateuch that the Tabernacle was sprinkled with blood,
though it and all that was therein was anointed with oil. Exodus 30:22-31.
Josephus, like the writer of the book of Hebrews,
regards the Tabernacle as
having been consecrated with blood:
|“The same he did to the tabernacle, and the vessels
thereto belonging, both with
oil first incensed, as I said,
and with the blood of bulls and of rams,
slain day by
day one, according to its kind.”
Josephus Book III Chapter 8 Page 77.
All priests, their garments,
the sacred vessels, everything was unfit for
services until the blood which was shed at the Brazen Altar had touched and
Here we find the mute story of the Cross of Christ,
There is no pardon, no righteousness,
no peace, no grace,
blessings and no salvation,
except through the sacrifice of the Cross.
We also read that the fire upon the Altar was to, “never go out”,
There is no hour, day or night,
that a transgressor cannot find the
Atonement of Calvary.
Christ, a type of the Priest who when the time came for him to remove the
ashes, he laid aside his priestly garments
and put on other garments, (
Leviticus 6:11) and carried the ashes without the camp and put them in a
“clean place,” or a place prepared for them,
and even so the Lord Jesus put
off his robe and became the sin bearer for the people. He was buried in a
The four horns stand for:
And the message of the Cross truly is good NEWS,
N-E-W-S, for all men,
and East and
JESUS DIED AND ROSE AGAIN IN ORDER
TO MAKE RECONCILIATION FOR SINNERS WITH GOD.
West and South. It is the good news that
It might be interesting now to notice the rings which held the staves.
ring is a circle which means promise, eternal, complete or fullness.
speaks of eternal judgment since the rings were also made of Brass.
In another type it speaks of the eternal promise of salvation to all who
will hear the story of the Cross which is symbolized by the carrying of the
Altar on the shoulders of the priests.
There is quite a contrast in the
type, yet what a beautiful picture of the mercy of God.
The promise of
eternal judgment of sin (the rings of brass) and the beautiful type of the
promise of eternal Salvation and life.
The two staves speak of the two parts of the Gospel, the Death and the
Resurrection of Jesus Christ, balance and complement each other.
without the other is impossible, and useless.
Without the death of Jesus
there could, of course,
have been no resurrection, and no salvation
Without the resurrection of Christ, His death was
futile, fruitless, and sterile and helpless.
A dead Christ can save no
one - He could not save himself,
but a living Christ who was dead and
conquered death is a Savior to whom all may come and absolute confidence
and hope and security.
The Sin Offering
In the sin offering we find that all the blood was poured out at the bottom
of this altar.
Since Christ was the perfect sin offering, this speaks to us
how all the Blood of Christ on the Cross was poured out of His body.
was resurrected, He was no longer
“flesh and blood” but
“flesh and bone.”
His blood had been shed for us, yes,
for all mankind.
The Altar had four sides and was built four square.
The things in the
Tabernacle which are built foursquare, are all significant of the thing in
which we shall continue in throughout Eternity. The great city, the Holy
Jerusalem, or the Bride which descends out of Heaven, is
In connection with the Altar, there were five vessels, all
made of brass. These all spoke of judgment; yet they all spoke also of
|Brass is a type of Judgment, and
Five is a type of Grace.
The altar holds out two alternatives to the corners of the Earth.
| The Cross is either a savour of life, or a
savour of death,
depending on what attitude and action you take.
(I Corinthians 1:18)
The Bible is very clear that there is no middle-of-the-road position.
either Grace or Judgment, and you make the choice.
Vessels-pans, shovels, basins, fleshhooks and fire pans used in making
sacrifices All were made of Brass.
To receive the blood which was poured out at the bottom of the altar.
|A type of Jesus pouring out is
Life unto death.
The fire pans were to carry the live coals from the Altar to light the candlestick and cause the incense to burn on the Golden Altar. They were also used to carry coals for the censers. The original fire from the Altar,
sent by God, (Leviticus 9:22-24) lit every other fire in the Tabernacle.
|So the fire of Calvary is the flame that sparks every other subsequent blaze in our lives.
For placing the pieces in order upon the wood and arranging them so that all would be consumed.
|A type of the Holy Spirit’s work in our lives consuming
all that is not perfect before God.
That held up the sacrifice was on a level with the Mercy Seat. Mercy is
proportioned with Sacrifice. It was suspended between the top and the bottom.
|Reminding us that God’s Judgment was suspended between
Heaven and Earth to reconcile God and man.
For carrying the Altar. It was always with them.
|Just so the finished work of Christ is ever set before
the believer that he may lay hold of it and enjoy it to its fullest
Half-way round the Altar there ran a ledge, probably made of copper,
this rested upon a brazen grating,   2 ½ feet in height.
Tradition, this ledge was a cubit in width,
and seems to have been used by
the priests to stand on. Attached to the grating were rings to enable the
Altar to be carried. (Rabbi Hertz)
The Altar consisted of wooden planks covered with metal, so that the inside
Rashi explains that the command in Exodus 20:24, ‘an altar of
earth thou shalt make unto Me,’ signifies that a mound of earth,
the dimensions of the hollow of the Altar, was heaped up,
and the casing of
the Altar set over it. (Rabbi Hertz)
The Rabbis explained the symbolism of the Altar (Every one from Josephus to
Israel and the Church uses symbolisms) by making each letter of the Hebrew
name for Altar
MIZBEACH the initial of a word.
the Altar was the channel whereby the Israelite could seek
reconciliation with God from Whom he had become estranged by sin.
contrition found an outlet on the Altar, and by the exercise of these virtues, life was ennobled and ‘merit’ acquired.
by being true to the teachings that centered round the altar, man earns the Divine blessings and himself becomes a blessing
to his fellowmen.
the Altar points the way of the life everlasting,
to the things that abide for evermore, truth, righteousness,
I give you the information as to what the Rabbi’s believe to show you that
you see that blindness has happened unto Israel until the fullness of the
gentiles be come in.
Now I give you the same warning that Paul gave in Romans 11:21
|“For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed
lest he also spare not thee.”
No one could enter the Tabernacle without passing the Altar.
|Neither can we approach God without taking Jesus as the
sacrifice for our sins.
No man can come to the Father without going through Jesus, and
that by His death and having His blood applied to their hearts.
thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side
southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen
of an hundred cubits long for one side:
(10) And the
twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the
hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.
likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an
hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets
of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
(12) And for
the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty
cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten.
(13) And the
breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.
hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their
pillars three, and their sockets three.
(15) And on
the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three,
and their sockets three.
(16) And for
the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue,
and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with
needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.
The Fence about
typifies the body
while the tabernacle inside the court typifies
the soul and spirit nature of man I Thessalonians 5:23.
The white court could be referred to as a large cloth fence surrounding the
This presented a very striking contrast to the black
goats hair tents of Israel’s dwelling places all around it.
It is fruitless to talk to anyone in a black tent about anything beyond the
He cannot see it unless he has been born into it, as it is too high
A sinner can only grasp one thing, that is salvation.
After he is
saved and enters the One Door (Jesus Christ) of the court, he will see there
is more, but only then.
The outer court was to measure:
= 100 Cubits
square root of judgment
= 50 Cubits
Luke 9:13-17, 5,000 fed and seated in companies of 50, vs. 17,
and they did eat and were filled and there was taken up of the fragments that remained 12
When Pentecost is fulfilled on the part of man, the hungry shall be
making a total of 300 Cubits around the court.
This curtain of
fine linen which was hung about the court 300 cubits in Length,
Cubits high, making a total of 1500
SQUARE CUBITS of surface area
|Symbolizing the righteousness
of the law for the period of 1500 years from the giving of the Law on
Sinai until the death of Jesus.
It hung upon
10 x 6 = 60
judgment against man
20 pillars on each side
2 x 10 = 20
witness of judgment
10 pillars on each end
The curtain was too high for natural man to see over - it shuts believers
in, unbelievers out.
John 6:39; 3:36; I Corinthians 2:14; II Corinthians
4:34; John 10:28,29.
There was no access through this hanging.
|It speaks of the impossibility of man to see and discern
the things of God.
Man is utterly barred out from the presence of God.
Israel could approach God only through the Gate.
Sinful man only through Jesus Christ - by the blood of Christ we are
The same height all around
|Sets forth the fact that God’s
standard of holiness is the same for all.
That standard is Jesus Christ Himself.
Romans 8:29; I John 2:6
Suspended by hooks or rings of silver. Luke 15:22; Ephesians 1:13
The white court was held up by the use of pillars.
These pillars were made
of shittim wood. The Acacia tree is never known to grow straight,
is consistently gnarled and twisted.
|Oh how much this is like humanity! Without God to keep us
straight, we would go astray into knots and grotesque designs that can
only be shaped that way because of sin.
God chose this kind of wood to be used.
The Acacia wood grows close grained
and is very hare. No doubt it took something
to process this wood to be used for the pillars.
|And though we are chosen of
God, we do not readily respond to the processing necessary to become the
place of His sanctuary.
It is also
inspiring to note how the Acacia tree is not readily attacked by insects.
|Let us praise God for the resultant power that Christ
gives at Salvation.
Upon the Pillars of Acacia wood was hung the white linen cloth;
|So are we clothed with the
purity and righteousness of Jesus Christ.
You see, there is a glorious working
together with Christ and His Church.
Without His righteousness, we are nothing, and yet, without the Pillars
to up hold the Court, it could not have
stood before the world.
The Pillars were the only means of upholding the Court.
The Pillars of the Court stood at a distance apart from each other.
So we as Christians go about our daily task - some to one type
of work, others to another type- all of us in our various positions in
life; and yes, we often even stand alone.
A silver fillet jointed all the Pillars
of the Tabernacle together as One even though they did stand apart.
fillet was a thin wire-like silver cord, which ran completely around the
Court and was attached to each pillar.
|Oh the significance of this spiritual lesson!
Listen, although there is a separation, physically, from each other; yet
there is a TIE THAT JOINS SPIRITUALLY AND BINDS EVERY CHILD
OF GOD WITH CHRISTIAN LOVE!
There is a silver thread of redemption, that joins every member of the
Body of Christ-a spiritual force that cannot be readily broken. Let us
remember that the silver of which the fillet cord was made, is a type
On the bottom of each Pillar of the Court, was a Brass Socket, and on top
was a Silver Chapiter.
The Chapiter or Capitaol, is the architectural finish
of the pillars on the top.
Both on the inside and the outside of the Court,
the pillars were also held in place by Goat’s hair cord.
The cord was
fastened into the ground by means of a brass pin, and into the pillar by
means of a silver hook.
|Silver tops and fillets speak of Atonement, which
is a covering for sin.
It speaks of God’s rich Grace in providing an Atonement.
(Exodus 30:15,16; Hebrews 2:9)
Price the same for all. God looking
down from heaven saw the chapiters of silver which were on top of the
pillars of brass.
He sees Jesus Christ’s atonement work today on our behalf and our judgment
for sin is passed.
The Pins and
Pins of Brass-tested materials-would not rust, elements had no effect upon
They were the things by which the fence was held or anchored
These Brass Pins or nails are a symbol of Christ
for He too, is called a Nail is Isaiah 22:20-24.
Verse 25 is referring to another nail who was in a
sure place, but who would fall and Christ, the
ABIDING Nail would
fill His place. Now we know that this particular reference here in Isaiah is
made to Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, but the nature of this reference is
made concerning Jesus.
The name Eliakim means “raised up by God”, or “God is
setting up”, and “God will establish”.
The key to the house of David is to
be laid upon His shoulder. Revelation 3:7 will verify that Jesus is the
Eliakim or the one that was raised up by God to set upon His Father’s
The sure place where the Nail is to be fastened is the throne of
David in Jerusalem, and all the glory of the Father’s house will be hung
As perfect as the pins were; as valuable as they were to the
Tabernacle; if they had been left lying on top of the ground, they would have
been absolutely useless. The
FACT that they were
BURIED DEEP in the
EARTH, made the structure secure.
|The perfection and sinlessness of Jesus Christ alone,
could NEVER make the believers secure;
but the FACT that Christ died and was Buried three
days in the earth, and rose again, causes our hopes of heaven to remain
Now speaking of the Cords.
Cords of Linen - fastened to the pillars and then to the pins.
They were drawn tightly over the Tabernacle and
fastened to the pins. This made the Tabernacle secure.
|The cords picture to us the drawing power of God.
In Hosea 11:4 we find that the cords symbolize the love of God which draws
men and women unto Himself. “I drew them with Cords of a man, with
Bands of Love.”
In II Corinthians 5:14 Paul says, “The love of God constraineth us”.
See also John 12:32,33. We find in the original that constrain in this
place means “to hold together.
Pins were useless without cords
|JESUS AND HIS LOVE ARE INSEPARABLE
AGAIN WE HAVE A MYSTERY.
TWO PIECES OF FURNITURE ARE MISSING FROM THIS LIST WHY?
SEE NEXT SECTION FOR ANSWER.
The Gate of the Court
We saw that the wall of the court represented man barred our from the presence of God because he failed to
produce the practical righteousness which God demanded under the law.
sinfulness and weakness makes it humanly impossible for him to produce the
required righteousness and the claims are too lofty and high for sinful man
to scale them in his own strength and on the ground of his own merit.
the Tabernacle we fine one Gate that led the way into the sacred enclosure.
Apart from this there was no entrance into the Court and no hope of access
So today there is only one access to God and that is by the way of
the True Gate which is Jesus Christ.
Before we go further let us compare the names given to the different
entrances that we will study in the Tabernacle.
The entrance to the Court
The entrance to the Holy Place
The entrance to the Holy of Holies
Keep this distinction well in mind.
Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth,
and the life.”
The Gate was on the East side where the first rays of morning light will
|This is a type of the Light of God, shining at the foot
of the Cross were the entrance to the Court is, lighting the way to
As we enter the Gate; the first thing we see is the pile of ashes on the
East Side of the altar. Lev. 1:16.
|This is the sign of accomplished redemption.
The Gate stood at the Eastern end of the court
being 20 Cubits wide
having 4 Pillars
and 3 Openings
each opening being 6 Cubits Wide with the allowance of ½ Cubit
for each pillar
It hung on Four Pillars:
King and Messiah
These 4 pillars speak of the Cleansing Power of the Blood of Jesus that
flowed from His first 4 wounds, those in His hands and feet.
These 4 wounds
gave forth blood to the cleansing of those who were under the Law, for as it
is written in Galatians 4:4,5 “For when the fullness of time was come, God
sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that
were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.”
Jesus had fulfilled His ministry of suffering, He said, “It is Finished,”
thus signifying that He had fulfilled the very demands of the Law for man.
THREE PARTS ACCORDING
When Josephus, both here and chap. 6 sect. 4, supposes the tabernacle to
have been parted into three parts, he seems to esteem the bare entrance to
be a third division, distinct from the holy and the most holy places; and
this the rather, because in the temple afterward there was a real distinct
third part, which was called the Porch; otherwise Josephus would contradict
his own description of the tabernacle, which gives us a particular account
of no more than two parts.
When Moses distinguished the tabernacle into three parts, and allowed two of
them to the priests, as a place accessible and common, he denoted the land
and the sea, these being of general access to all; but he set apart the
third division for God, because heaven is inaccessible to men. And when he
ordered twelve loaves to be set on the table, he denoted the year, as
distinguished into so many months. By branching out the candlestick into
seventy parts, he secretly intimated the Decani, or seventy divisions of the
planets; and as to the seven lamps upon the candlesticks, they referred to
the course of the planets, of which that is the number. The veils, too,
which were composed of four things, they declared the four elements; for the
fine linen was proper to signify the earth, because the flax grows out of
the earth; the purple signified the sea, because that color is dyed by the
blood of a sea shell-fish; the blue is to signify the air; and the scarlet
will naturally be an indication of fire. Now the vestment of the high priest
being made of linen, signified the earth; the blue denoted the sky, being
like lightning in its pomegranates, and in the noise of the bells resembling
thunder. And for the ephod, it shewed that God had made the universe of four
[elements;] and as for the gold interwoven, I suppose it related to the
splendor by which all things are enlightened. He also appointed the
breastplate to be placed in the middle of the ephod, to resemble the earth,
for that has the very middle place of the world. And the girdle which
encompassed the high priest round, signified the ocean, for that goes round
about and includes the universe. Each of the sardonyxes declares to us the
sun and the moon; those, I mean, that were in the nature of buttons on the
high priest’s shoulders.
(Antiquities of the Jews Book III Pg. 75 Josephus
End of Lesson Five