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EXODUS

LESSON  SEVEN

In the study of the Tabernacle we find that The Altar of Incense and the Laver of Brass was left out of Exodus 25. That is quite a mystery. 
Why did God through Moses wait until the 30th chapter of Exodus to describe these two pieces of furniture?
The answer lies in what they represent.  That which is Eternal stands out from that which is only temporary.

The Altar of Incense      Exodus 30:1-10

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Exodus 30:1-10
(1)    And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.
(2)    A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.
(3)    And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.
(4)    And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.
(5)    And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
(6)    And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.
(7)    And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.
(8)    And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the L
ORD throughout your generations.
(9)    Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
(10)  And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the L
ORD.
(KJV)

“Now between this candlestick and the table,  which,  as we said,  were within the sanctuary,  was the altar of incense,  made of wood indeed,  but of the same wood of which the foregoing vessels were made,  such as was not liable to corruption;  it was entirely crusted over with a golden plate,  its breadth on each side was a cubit,  but the altitude double.  Upon it was a grate of gold,  that was extant above the altar,  which had a golden crown encompassing it round about,  whereto belonged rings and bars,  by which the priests carried it when they journeyed.
(Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews Book III Page 73)

It was  called:

1. Exodus 30:27 The Altar of Incense
2. Exodus 39:38 The Golden Altar
3. Exodus 35:15 The Incense Altar
4. Exodus 40:5 The Altar of God
5. Revelation 8:3 The Golden Altar which is before the throne
6. Leviticus 4:7 The Altar which is before the Lord

PURPOSE

Once a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements.

1. Exodus 30:1 To burn incense upon
2. Exodus 30:10 To make an atonement upon the horns of it

LOCATION

It stood directly in front of the vail.    Exodus 40:5-9

DESCRIPTION

1. A rectangle box
2. Foursquare at the top
3. Four horns
4. A crown of gold around the top
5. Two golden rings, under the crown of it, by the two corners
6. Two staves of shittim wood, and overlaid with gold

SIZE

1. A cubit shall be the length thereof. (Approximately 18 inches)
2. A cubit shall be the breadth thereof. (Approximately 18 inches)
3. Two cubits shall be the height thereof. (Approximately 36 inches)

Exodus 30:4  ANCIENT SOURCES

The Hebrew Cannon
“And two rings of gold shalt thou make for it beneath its crown, on its two corners shalt thou make them, upon both its sides; and they shall be as receptacles for the staves to bear it by means of them.”
(Masoretic Text,  Translated by Isaac Leeser in 1915)

The New Hebrew Cannon
“And two golden rings shalt thou make for it under the crown thereof, upon the two ribs thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make them; and they shall be for places for staves wherewith to bear it.”
(Masoretic Text,  Jewish Publication Society of America, 1965)

The Septuagint  (
LXX)  by Bagster
“And thou shalt gild its grate with pure gold, and its sides round about, and its horns; and thou shalt make for it a wreathen border of gold round about. And thou shalt make under its wreathen border two rings of pure gold; thou shalt make it to the two corners on the two sides, and they shall be bearings for the staves, so as to bear it with them.”
(Translated by Samuel Bagster & Sons,  1794)

The Septuagint  (LXX)  by Thompson
“And thou shalt make two rings of pure gold under its wreathed border for the two corners. Thou shalt make them on the two sides and there shall be clasps for the staves with which it is to be carried.”
(Translated by Charles Thomson,  1774-1789)

The Targum of Onkelos
“And thou shalt make an altar upon which to burn fragrant incense, of woods of sittin shalt thou make it. A cubit its length, and a cubit its breadth, four-square shall it be, and two cubits its height. The horns of it shall be of the same. And thou shalt cover it with fine gold, its top and its sides round about, and its horns. And thou shalt make to it a crown of gold round about, and two rings of gold shalt thou make to it under its crown, upon its top corners, at its two sides; and it shall be for the places of the staves by which to carry it. And thou shalt make the staves of sittin woods, and cover them with gold.”   (Section Tetsavveh)

General Information

It was constructed of acacia wood which is a tree of the genus Acacia;  either the Acacia gummifera or the
A. Seyal;  both of which have abounded in the valley of the Arabian wilderness.  It is sometimes called shittim wood.

The ordinary Cubit is equivalent to about 17 ½ or 18 inches today;  it is once referred to as  “the cubit of a man”  the distance which might be measured by a man’s forearm  (Deuteronomy 3:11);  “the common cubit,” (RSV). Ezekiel mentions a “long cubit” which he equates with a cubit and a handbreadth  (Ezekiel 40:5; 43:13 RSV), roughly equivalent to 20 ½ inches.
(The Zondervan Bible Dictionary)

Small limestone altars with four horns at the upper edges are thought to have been used for incense.  One of these, two feet three inches high,  from the time of David has been discovered at Megiddo.
(The Biblical World by Baker)

The Incense, Ketoreth, was compounded of four ingredients:

1. Nataph, also called storax
2. Shekeleth, also called onycha
3. Chelbentha busesin
4. Lebuntha dakyetha
(TargumsSyriac Peshitta)

Other ingredients were subsequently added in the temple practice.
Maimonides enumerates myrrhcassiaspikenardsaffroncostuscinnamonsweet barksaltamber, and a combustible root or herb he calls maalath asam,  “the smoke-raiser.” (Keley ha Mikdash, II Sect. 3).
Such multiplication’s were unwarrantable: but the Rabbins defend them by a tradition that they were ordained to Moses on Mount Sinai.
(The Targums by Etheridge)

Incense was offered,  at daybreak (yoma III., 1,5)  and after the evening sacrifice.
It was the emblem of acceptable 
WORSHIP,  AND  ESPECIALLY  OF  PRAYER  WHICH  PRESSES  HEAVENWARD.

In burning incense the priest used a censer,  machtah,  (from chathah,  which means in the Hebrew  “ to take fire or coals”  from hearth or altar.)  
The Chaldee word is Machtitha,  the
LXX.,  “a burner,”,  “thurible for incense;”  a vessel of metal;  form not certainly known.
In the daily service it was carried by the priest into the holy place and set upon the golden altar,  and was probably shaped like a chalice,  with a base for standing upon the altar.  But the censer which the high priest held in his hand on the day of atonement must have been furnished with a chain or handle.  The censer used in the daily service was of brass;  that carried by the high priest within the veil was of gold. 
(The Targums by Etheridge)

Incense had a symbolic significance,  as is evident from Psalms 141:2

Ps 141:2
Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.
(
KJV)

It became a metaphor for fervent and contrite Prayer .The Rabbis explained that the four letters of the
Hebrew word for incense, stood for:

1. Holiness
2. Purity
3. Pity
4. Hope
A wonderful summary of the prerequisites of Prayer and of its spiritual results in the lives of men.
(The Pentateuch by Rabbi Hertz)

TYPES

Made of shittim wood Speaking of the humanity of Jesus
(Hebrews 4:14,15; John 17:9)
Covered with Gold Speaking of Deity.
The Gold glorified the wood.
Jesus is the resurrected one and also the glorified one with all power.
It had 4 horns One in each corner. 
Horns speak of power
Power in prayer is the only avenue of approach to the throne of mercy and grace.
  The four horns also speak of the 4 revelations of Jesus by the 4 Gospels.
1st Horn Matthew King
 
Lifting and leaving Eph. 1:3;   Mt. 11:28;   Eph. 2:6
Lusting and desiring I Pet. 2:2;   Ps. 69:9
2nd Horn Mark Servant
 
Leaning and trusting
Leaning and growing
3rd Horn Luke Son of Man
 
Life and power
Liberty and freedom
4th Horn John Son of God
 
Light and knowledge
Love and fellowship
A crown of Gold Speaking of Deity.
Hebrews 2:9;    Hebrews 1:9;    Exodus 30:3
Rings (two) of gold On each side, under the crown for the two staves by which it was carried.
The two staves are
the Death and Burial of Jesus being one Stave
the Truth and the Resurrection of Jesus being the second stave
Burning coals From the Brazen Altar, were placed upon it.
We are to come with Thanksgiving and Praise.
Matthew 6:9;    Psalms 100:1-5;    Psalms 22:3.

Properly speaking,  then,

as in the Brazen Altar we have Christ in the value of His sacrifice
so in the Golden Altar we have Christ in the value of His Intercession
This will furnish the reader with a still clearer sense of the reason why the priestly office is introduced between the two altars.  There is,  as might be expected,  an intimate connection between the two,  for Christ’s intercession is founded upon His sacrifice.
(C.H. Mackintosh Notes on Exodus)

Prayer and Praise is Eternal

Incense  Exodus 30:34-38

Exodus 30:34-38
(34)  And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:
(35)  And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:
(36)  And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
(37)  And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD.
(38)  Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.
(
KJV)

Myrrh   STACTE  -  Meekness
Many times the Bible speaks of pure myrrh.
This was the kind of myrrh that was secured from a deep incision into the heart of the tree,  so that the life would flow out.  Stacte was called the tears of the Myrrh tree.  For this sap came from a voluntary giving of the tree itself.   The little drops of life just came out and stood as tears upon the trunk of the tree.

Compare the nine plants that the Bridegroom found in the garden of His bride in  Song of Solomon 4:13-14,  with the nine fruits of the Spirit in  Galatians 5:22-23;  Philippians 2:5-8. 

ONYCHA  from Spikenard - Peace
Onycha was a small  ‘purple crab’  whose shell was dried,  powdered and when burned with fire gave forth a most fragrant perfume.  The Onycha derived its perfume or odor from feeding on the spikenard.  Spikenard was the 3rd plant,  indicating Peace.  Ephesians 2:13,14;  Romans 5:1; John 14:27.

GALBANUM - Sacrifice
The chief ministry of the Galbanum was to increase the perfume of the incense and support it,  and cause it to remain much longer.   I Corinthians 3:11;   Hebrews 1:10-12.
The ingredient of the Galbanum was only obtained from Deep incision into the heart of the tree.

FRANKINCENSE - Faith
The seventh plant,  frankincense,  with faith.  Frankincense becomes a picture or a type of faith or understanding.

Five sense’s of the Spirit are:

1. Faith Eye
2. Prayer Taste
3. Hope Smell
4. Reverence Hear
5. Worship Touch

Tempered  (Rubbed with Salt  or Mearah (mixed)  with salt as Onkelos reads). Lev. 2:13.
Salt of the covenant spoke of purity of friendship,  freedom from corruption.  Num. 18:18-19. Ex. 29:26-27.
Breast speaks of Love and Affection,
Right Shoulder speaks of Strength.
The wave offering was horizontally;  the heave offering vertically,  The Sign of the cross.

The Laver of Brass        Exodus 30:18-21

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Exodus 30:18-21
(18)  Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
(19)  For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:
(20)  When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the L
ORD:
(21)  So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
(
KJV)

It was called

1. Exodus 30:18 The Laver of Brass
2. Exodus 30:28 The Laver and His Foot
3. Exodus 38:8 The Laver of Brass, and the Foot

PURPOSE

1. Exodus 30:19 Wash their hands and their feet
2. Exodus 30:20 They shall wash with water, that they die not

LOCATION

Thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the Altar       Exodus 30:18.

DESCRIPTION

Laver,  Hebrew Kiyyor
Pot,  basin,  Greek Loutron
A vessel containing water.
Setting on a foot.
(The Zondervan Dictionary by Tenney)

“Within these gates was the brazen laver for purification,  having a basin beneath of the like matter,  whence the priests might wash their hands and sprinkle their feet;”
(Antiquities of the Jews Book III Page 72 Josephus)

SIZE

The laver was the only piece of furniture in the tabernacle,  the dimensions of which were not given.
The reason is suggestive. 

It was limitless in its application.
There was no limit to its size, or to the amount of water which it might hold.
Just like the Word of God is not limited.
See John 13:8;   Acts 22:16;   Hebrews 10:22;   Revelation 1:5;   Ephesians 5:26.

TYPES

1. One very common teaching is that this is  ‘Water Baptism’;  but not so.
Water baptism is accomplished only Once,  whereas this was a continual process of washing,  before and after every ministry.
Ephesians 5:25-27.  The foot  (our goings)  must be cleansed continually.
The hands  (our service)  must also be continually cleansed.
2. It is remarkable to notice that the laver is not included in the setting forth of the construction of the Tabernacle with its furniture and vessels as recorded in chapters 25-28.
3. It was the very last vessel appointed for construction and it was added or put in after the atonement offering is mentioned.
Thus we see that the laver is not needed until after atonement is made.  It comes after the altar.
4. The altar was for sinners and deals with the sin question.
The laver is for priests and has to do with cleansing that is necessary for worship and unbroken fellowship with God.    I Peter 2:5,9.
5. None but the priests ever came to this laver.
They must enter the sanctuary with clean hands.     Psalms 26:6;   24:3,4; 119:9.
6. At ordination the priests were washed all over by one another    Leviticus 8:6.
After they were consecrated,  they were to wash themselves daily,  hands and feet.
John 13:10;   I John 1:9;   Ephesians 5:25-26;   John 3:5;   I Corinthians 6:11;   II Corinthians 7:1
7. The word speaks of the foot of the laver.
The basin rested upon a large foot.  This seems to be distinct from the basin and perhaps it was separable.  Anyway,  it was large enough to uphold it.
Even so the Word of God is upheld by the power of God against all Satanic assaults and opposition of man.   Man’s opinion in opposition to the Truth avails nothing.
8. The laver was made from the looking glasses of the women of Israel.   Exodus 38:8
These looking glasses were carried from Egypt on the Passover night. 
Mirrors were made in those days of highly polished brass.
A mirror reflects the natural features of the individual person looking into it.
Looking glasses were for the glorification of the flesh, and the gratification of the old nature.
They were a symbol of human vanity and human pride.
The women of Israel were to surrender these looking glasses and yield them, give them up to be made into a laver of cleansing.
The Laver,  then,  speaks of separation from the flesh and from the world, and from the old nature and its pride and lusts, habits and sins.
9. The laver contained water.
The water is the Word of God by which we are cleansed and sanctified.
Jesus said in  John 15:3,  “Now ye are clean through the Word which I have spoken unto you.”
In John 17:17  He prays:  “Sanctify them through thy truth: thy Word is truth.”
Paul says in  Ephesians 5:26  concerning the Church:  “That he might Sanctify and Cleanse it with the Washing of Water By the Word.”
10. The laver was never covered.
Whether on the march or in the camp it was always open.
Just so the Word of God is an open revelation and not a concealed mystery.
The church should continually be bathing in an increasing revelation upon the written revelation.
11. No doubt it was secured  (The Water) from the smitten rock.
I Corinthians 10:4.   From His side flowed blood and water when He was smitten on the Cross.
So both cleansing by the Water of the Word and the Blood emanate from the death of Jesus Christ.
12. The reason for all this was the absence of a floor in the tabernacle proper,  and as there were no chairs,  the priest could never sit down.
His feet were,  therefore,  always on the floor.  But there was no floor,  except the ground,  the earth upon which he walked.
As a result, he became defiled every step he took, even in the service of the Lord. 
“They that bear the vessels of the Lord must be clean.”   Now this cleansing was accomplished by washing with the water in the laver.
13. There can be no true communion with God,  save as personal holiness is diligently maintained.
 “If we say that we have fellowship with Him,  and walk in darkness,  we lie,  and do not the truth.” (I John 1:6).
14. This personal holiness can only flow from the action of the Word of God on our works and ways. -
By the words of  Thy  lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.”  Our constant failure in priestly ministry may be accounted for by our neglecting the due use of the laver.
15. If our ways are not submitted to the purgative action of the Word - if we continue in the pursuit or practice of that which,  according to the testimony of our own consciences,  the Word distinctly condemns,  the energy of our priestly character will assuredly be lacking.
16. Deliberate continuance in evil and true priestly worship are wholly incompatible.
Sanctify them through Thy truth:  Thy Word is truth.”
If we have any uncleanness upon us,  we cannot enjoy the presence of God.
17. The effect of His presence would then be to convict us by its holy light.
But when we are enabled,  through grace,  to cleanse our way,  by taking heed thereto according to God’s Word,  we are then morally capacitated for the enjoyment of His presence.

Throughout their generations
This rule has been observed by the pious in all ages,  who wash their hands before beginning any of the statutory services,  which the Rabbis declare to be the present-day equivalents of the sacrifices.
(Rabbi Hertz)

The Builders        Exodus 31:1-13 & Exodus 35:30-35

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Exodus 31:1-13
(1)    And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
(2)    See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:
(3)    And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
(4)    To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
(5)    And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
(6)    And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;
(7)    The tabernacle of the congregation, and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle,
(8)    And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,
(9)    And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot,
(10)  And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office,
(11)  And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.
(12)  And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
(13)  Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.
(KJV)

Exod 35:30-35
(30)  And Moses said unto the children of Israel, See, the LORD hath called by name Bezaleel the son of
Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah;
(31)  And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all
manner of workmanship;
(32)  And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,
33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning
work.
(34)  And he hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe
of Dan.
(35)  Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the
cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of
the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.
(KJV)

“Now their names are set down in writing in the sacred books;  and they were these:  Besaleel the son of Uri,  of the tribe of Judah,  the grandson of Miriam,  the sister of their conductor: and Aholiab,  the son of Ahisamach,  of the tribe of Dan.”
(Josephus,  Antiquities of the Jews Chapter 6 Pg. 71)

BEZALEEL
Meaning:  The shadow of the Almighty

A place of defense Psalms 17:8;  36:7;57:1;  63:7
Shelter from heat Song of Solomon. 2:3;    Isa. 4:6;  25:4;  32:2
Called by name Ex. 31:1;   Mt. 1:21;   Jn. 6:38,39
Son of Uri (Fiery)   Heb. 12:29;   2 Ki. 1:9-12
Son of Hur (Hole-hiding place)   Prov. 18:10
Of the tribe of Judah Christ comes from Judah.    First tribe in procession.
Filled with the Spirit Isa. 61:1-3;   Lu. 4:18
Prepared for His work in a 7-fold way.    Isa. 11:2,3
1. Wisdom How to use what you know
2. Knowledge The know-how
3. Understanding The  ‘Why’  from intimate communion
4. Devise curious works in: (fruit of the Spirit)
 
Gold nature of God in us.    Mal. 3:1-4
Silver perfecting atonement in us.    Mal. 3:1-4
Brass word judging and cleansing us    Eph. 5:25-27
5. All manner of workmanship (gifts of the Spirit)
6. Cutting of stones I Pet. 2:5;   Mal. 3:17
7. Carving of wood Eph. 4:16

AHOLIAB
Assisted Bezaleel in the work on the Tabernacle.

Type of the Holy Spirit who tabernacles within us
Son of Ahisamach (brother of helps)     Eze. 37:27,28
Of the tribe of Dan (Judge), John 16:7
Last tribe in the procession (“I am the first and the last”)   Revelation 1:11

“Now all was finished.  Besaleel and Aholiab appeared to be the most skillful of the workmen,  for they invented finer works than what others had done before them,  and were of great abilities to gain notions of what they were formerly ignorant of;  and of these,  Besaleel was judged to be the best.  Now the whole time they were about this work,  was the interval of seven months;  and after this it was that was ended the first year since their departure out of Egypt.  But at the beginning of the second year,  on the month Xanthicus,  as the Macedonians call it,  but on the month Nisan,  as the Hebrews call it,  on the new moon,  they consecrated the tabernacle,  and all its vessels,  which I have already described.”
(Josephus,  Antiquities of the Jews Page 76)

Now we come to the end of this study,  but not necessarily the end of the Book of Exodus.  We will go back to Exodus when we go into the Book of Leviticus.  I want to leave you with something.

Attacks on the Decalogue are singularly inopportune at the present day. For our age and generation stand in especial need of a Divine Confirmation of the Moral Law.  The nineteenth century loved to speak of itself as the Age of Science.  Now  ‘Science equips men, but does not guide him.  It illumines the world for him to the region of the most distant stars;  but it leaves night in his heart.  It is invincible;  but indifferent,  neutral,  UN-moral’ (Darmesteter).

That century widely heralded the discovery that man came from the beast;  and very soon after that discovery,  many of the literary and artistic leaders took it upon themselves to convince their contemporaries that it was only natural for man to return to the beast.

A powerful paganism began its assault against the ancient organized Morality.  It dethroned God in the sphere of human conduct,  derided all moral inhibitions,  and declared instinct and inclination to be the true guides to human happiness.

The twentieth century was bettering the instruction begun in the nineteenth.  The so-called new Psychology preaches repression of instincts to be a danger to personality;  and it regards as natural the unbridled gratification of impulses which civilized mankind has always been taught should be controlled or disciplined.
A new ethic has arisen,  as subversive as it is godless,  which bids each man,  woman or child do that which seems right in his or her own eyes.  It teaches that all moral laws are man-made;  and that all can,  therefore,  be unmade by man.

Never will there be found a precept comparable or preferable to these commands, for they are so sublime that no man could attain to them by his own power
(Martin Luther)

Exod 20:1-17 (The 10 Commandments in the Hebrew)

Question:   What happened to the Ark and Tabernacle equipment?

Answer that I have found is:

From 2 Machabees Chapter 2 verses 1-8 of the Douay Version of the Bible

“Now it is found in the descriptions of Jeremias*  (Jeremiah) the prophet,  that he commanded them that went into captivity,  to take the fire,  as it hath been signified,  and how he gave charge to them that were carried away into captivity.”

“And how he gave them the law that they should not forget the commandments of the Lord, and that they should not err in their minds, seeing the idols of gold, and silver, and the ornaments of them.”

And with other such like speeches, he exhorted them that they would not remove the law from their heart.”

It was also contained in the same writing, how the prophet, being warned by God, commanded that the tabernacle and the ark should accompany him, till he came forth to the mountain where Moses went up, and saw the inheritance of God.”

And when Jeremias came thither he found a hollow cave: and he carried in thither the tabernacle, and the ark, and the altar of incense, and so stopped the door.”

Then some of them that followed him, came up to mark the place: but they could not find it.”

And when Jeremias perceived it, he blamed them, saying:

“The place shall be unknown, till God gather together the congregation of the people,
and receive them to mercy.”

“And then the Lord will shew these things, and the majesty of the Lord shall appear, and
there shall be a cloud as it was also shewed to Moses, and he shewed it when Solomon
prayed that the place might be sanctified to the great God.”

* The descriptions  -  That is the records or memoirs of Jeremiah, a work that is now lost.

May the Lord richly bless you as you study His wondrous word.

 

End of Lesson Seven

 


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