SECTION ONE - ADAM
IN THE BEGINNING
THE ORIGIN OF THE UNIVERSE AND
CREATION OF THE WORLD (Gen.
Vs 1: IN THE BEGINNING =
In verse one is a majestic summary of the story of creation: God is not
merely the beginning of all things, He is the Cause of all things. Truly this is a
book of beginnings.
There are various Hebrew terms used for the word "God" in the
Bible. Most of these terms were employed also by the Canaanites, to designate their pagan
gods. This is not surprising; since on settling in the Promised Land the Patriarchs and
early Israelites made "the language of Canaan" their own (Isa. 19:18), the
Hebrew language would naturally use the Canaanite vocabulary for terms designating their
own Deity. It must be noted, however, that in the Bible these various terms, when used by
the Israelites to designate their own Deity, refer to one and the same God, the sole God
THE NAMES OF GOD
The oldest Semitic term for God is El
(corresponding to Akkadian ilu (m), Canaanite El or IL, and
Arabic El as an element in personnel names).
It is commonly thought that the term derived from a root yl or wl,
meaning "TO BE POWERFUL" (cf. yesh le-el yadi, "It is in the power
of my hand, "Gen. 31:29; cf. Deut. 28:32; Micah 2:1)
In the Bible El is seldom used as the personal name of God, e.g., El-Elohei-Yisrael,
"El, the God of (the Patriarch) Israel" (Gen. 33:20; cf. Ps. 146:5). Of special
interest are the divine names of which El is the first element: El Elyon,
El Olam, El Shaddai, El Roi, and El Berit.
The Hebrew word
Elyon is an adjective meaning "HIGHER, UPPER," (e.g., the "upper" pool Isa. 7:3) , the "upper" gate
(2 Kings 15:35), and "highest," e.g., the "highest" of all the kings
of the earth (Ps. 89:28).
When used in reference to God, the word can rightly be translated as "MOST HIGH," (e.g., Deut. 32:8; Isa. 14:14; Ps. 9:3) or
in parallelism with YHWH (e.g. Ps. 18:14; 21:8; 83:19). El (Num. 24:16; Ps.
107:11). and Shaddai (Ps. 91:1)
to Genesis 21:33, "Abraham planted a tamarisk at Beer-Sheba, and invoked there the
name of YHWH, the EVERLASTING GOD," is
`El Olam, literally, "the God of an indefinitely long time," The epithet
is logical in the Context, which concerns a pact meant for all times.
According to the
literary source of the Pentateuch that the critics call the "Priestly Document, "YHWH " appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as
EL SHADDAI " (Ex. 6:3)
The traditional English rendering of the obscure Hebrew term
"EL SHADDAI " as "GOD ALMIGHTY "
goes back to ancient times, The (LXX
renders SHADDAI as PANTOKRATOR
" ALL-POWERFUL this is followed by
the Vulgates OMNIPOTENCE OMNIPOTENT. "
Apparently, this rendering is based on an ancient rabbinical interpretation,
"ENOUGH, " i.e., "HE WHO IS SELF-SUFFICIENT
Hag. 1:2 LORD OF HOSTS,);
the Jewish translators Aquila and Symmachus in the early centuries CE translated
SHADDAI by Greek HIKANOS,
In the Bible the full name, EL
SHADDAI, is used only in connection with Abraham (Gen. 17:1). Isaac (Gen. 28:3), and Jacob
(Gen./ 35:11; 43:14; 48:3). The word SHADDAI
alone occurs as Gods name in the ancient oracles of Balaam (Num. 24:4,16).
divine name "EL ROI occurs in
Genesis 16:13. The name could mean either "THE GOD OF VISION" (who showed Himself to me). After Hagar was driven away by Sarai (Sarah)
and fled into the western Negev, at a certain spring or well she had a vision of God,
"and she called YHWH who spoke to her,
You are EL ROI" or it
could also mean "THE GOD WHO SEES ME."
The divine name
"EL BERIT ("GOD OF THE COVENANT") occurs only in Judges 9:46, where mention is made of "the house (i.e.,
temple) of EL BERIT " at Shechem.
|ELOHA = singular
ELOHIM = plural
It is apparently a lengthened form of EL
(cf. Aramaic ELAH,
Arabic ILAH). In the vast majority of cases, however,
the plural form (ELOHIM,) is
treated as if it were a noun in the singular.
The odd fact that Hebrew uses a plural noun to designate the sole God of Israel has
been explained in various ways. It is not to be understood as a remnant of the polytheism
of Abrahams ancestors, or hardly as a "plural of majesty" if there is such
a thing in Hebrew.
Some scholars take it as a plural that expresses an abstract idea (e.g.
"old age; NEURIM, "time of
youth"), so that " ELOHIM would
really mean "THE DIVINITY." More
likely however, it came from Canaanite usage: the early Israelites would have taken over
"ELOHIM as a singular noun just as they
made their own the rest of the Canaanite language.
The Hebrew word ADON
is correctly rendered in English as "LORD."
Since GOD IS "LORD / ADON/ of all the earth" (Josh. 3:11), He is addressed and spoken of as "MY LORD" -in Hebrew,
ADONAI (literally,"MY LORDS."
the plural in keeping with the plural form, "ELOHIM, and always with the "pausal" form of a long a at the end). Later,
"ADONAI" was taken to be a name of God, the
The personal name of the God of
Israel is written in the Hebrew Bible with the four consonants YHWH
and is referred to as the "Tetragrammation."
Three types of "AZKAROTH" (names of God):
||The Name spelled YOD, HE, VAV, HE called the
(Ref. Yoma 66a and 69b) or the Tetragrammation (Kid 71a). (ref.
||The Name spelled "ALEF, DALET, NUM, YOD
(viz. "ADONAY) called the Kinui,
i.e. the Substitute for the Implicit Name (ref. Sot. 38a).
||Other names: EYL,
ELOHEKHA, ELOHIM, ELOHEYKHEM,
EHYEH-ASHER-EHYEH, SHADAY, ZBAOTH, which are
described as "Names not to be erased" (ref. Shbu 35a), because it is
forbidden to erase them. "Moses said to God, "when I come to the Israelites and
say to them "The God of your fathers has sent me to you, and they ask Me,
"what is his name? what shall I say to them?" And God said to
"He continued, "Thus shall you say to the Israelites, EHYEH sent me to you." Exodus 3:13,14 (THE TORAH
- Hebrew translation of the first 5 books of the Old Testament)
* Meaning of Hebrew uncertain; variously translated:
"I AM THAT I AM";
"I AM WHO I AM";
"I WILL BE WHAT I WILL BE"; etc.
||When Christian scholars of Europe first began
to study Hebrew, they did not understand what this really meant, and they introduced the
hybrid named "JEHOVAH." In order to avoid pronouncing even the sacred name
ADONAI for YHWH.
The custom was later introduced of saying
simply in Hebrew HA-SHEM (or Aramaic
SHEMA. "THE NAME"). Even in such an
expression as "Blessed be he that cometh in the name of YHWH" is generally
ascribed to a sense of reverence.
More precisely, it was caused by a misunderstanding of the Third
Commandment (Ex. 20:7; Deut. 5:11) as meaning "Thou shalt not take the name of
thy God in vain." Whereas it really means "You shall not swear falsely by
the name of YHWH your God."
The true pronunciation of the name YHWH was never lost. Several
early Greek writers of the Christian Church testify that the name was pronounced
"YAHWEH." This is confirmed, at least for the vowel of the first syllable of the
name, by the shorter form YAH, which is sometimes used in poetry (i.e., Ex. 15:2)
and the -YAHU of YAH that serves as the final syllable in very many
Hebrew names. In the opinion of many scholars, YHWH is a verbal form of the root
HWH, which is an older variant of the root
HYH "TO BE." The vowel of the
first syllable shows that the verb is used as a future-present causative HIPHIL, and
must therefore mean "He causes to be, He brings into existence."
The explanation of the name as given in Exodus 3:14:
EHEYEH-ASHER-EHEYEH = "I-AM-WHO-I-AM."
Up to this point in the lesson, we have dealt with Israels concept of
Now we will deal with the New Testaments interpretation
of the name of
God, which is:
WHO IS THE CHRIST OF GOD, THE LIVING WORD OF GOD.
||1. Jesus was in the form of God.
2. God gave Jesus a name above all other names.
3. Jesus will receive a New Name. (Ref. Phil. 2:6,9; Rev. 3:12)
Let us look at an Old Testament Scripture that proves that Jesus Christ is Lord
Lets view this passage of Scripture from some of the most ancient sources
available to us.
|"For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government
shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The
GOD, The everlasting FATHER, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his
government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his
kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth
even for ever. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this." Isaiah 9:6,7 (ref.
1. "....His NAME is called, Wonderful, counselor of the mighty God, of the
everlasting Father, the "Prince of Peace" (Hebrew Publishing Co. 1915 Isaac
2. "....And his name if called*
*PELE-JOEZ-EL-GIBBOR-ABI-AD-SAR-SHALOM, = Wonderful in counsel is God the
Mighty, the everlasting Father, the Ruler of peace." (The Masoretic Text 1965)
3. "....and his name has been called from of old, Wonderful counselor,
Mighty God, He who lives for ever, the ANOINTED ONE
(or, MESSIAH)," (The Targum of Isaiah
4. "....His name is called Wonderful Counselor, The Mighty One, The
EVERLASTING GOD, The Prince of Peace." (The Peshitta 1957)
5. "....and his name if called THE MESSENGER OF
GREAT COUNSEL." (LXX Septuagint 1954)
"And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shall call his name
JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins."
There were two of that name in the Old Testament, who were both types of Christ:
||Israel's captain at their first settlement in Canaan
(Joshua, ch 1).
||Joshua, Israels high priest at their second
settlement after the captivity, (Zech. 6:11-12).
Christ is our Joshua; both the Captain of our salvation, and the High Priest of
our profession, and, in both, our Saviour.
We find that through the name of JESUS we have:
As to how the name of God affects you and me, note the following Scriptures:
|Its a strong tower for our safety.
|What ever we do we must do in His Name.
|We take on His Name as His Children.
The Hebrew word is in the singular, thus precluding any ideal that its subject,
ELOHIM, is to be understood in a plural sense. Man is spoken of as
making or forming, but never as CREATING*,
e.g. producing something out of nothing.
* NOTE: CREATED
Targum of Onkelos on this verse: "In the first times the
Lord created the heavens and the earth."
In the "FIRST TIMES"
is "BE KADMIN, or, "In
antiquities." This expression, when used as here, in the plural, is sometimes used
||the Targum of
Onkelos on Deut. 33:27,
ELOHA DE-MILKADMIN, "the ETERNAL God," or "God who is from eternity,"
Jonathan Ben Uzziel on Micah 5:2,
"MESSIAH.......whose name is called (MILKADMIN) = "from eternity." Ref. John 1:1-14.
|According to the Scriptures who created all things?
||God said He did it.
was the creative force.
||The Son (Gods Manifested Word) did it.
|What was the first thing God created?
|Revelation 3:14 The WORD was the beginning
of Gods creation. Notice I did not say the flesh, the babe who was born to redeem
mankind from death, but the Spirit that was in Him.
1. The Word walked with Abraham and Adam and spoke to Moses on the Mountain top.
2. The Word became man (God was in Christ) in other words Jesus was
perfect Man and Perfect God.
3. The Man died on the Cross - not God.
4. The Ancient of Days of Daniel and Revelation is coming back to earth with His
vesture dipped in blood.
5. The Ancient of Days is called the WORD OF GOD.
We know Him as Jesus the Son of the Living God. (Daniel 7:9-14 and Jn. 1:14;
(SHAMEH) and the EARTH
Heaven - The sky, both the visible arches in which the clouds move, as well as
to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve.
Earth - To be firm.
|In the beginning
||and the earth.
As we see in Romans 4:17 ".......and calleth those things which be not
as though they were." Up to this point God has not created anything. We find this
same concept in the other Scriptures dealing with that which was created in the mind of
God before, or from the foundation of the earth.
||The Alpha and Omega (Christ)
||The Word (Jesus-God manifested in
||Things kept secret
||The kingdom prepared for you
||The Fathers love for His Son
||Us (The Church) in him
(Jesus the Christ)
||Works were finished (Gods
|I Pet. 1:19,20
||Gods perfect lamb for you.
||The book of life
In Genesis 2:3, this distinction between creation in the mind of God and the
actual physical creation itself is clearly shown when it says
|"And God blessed the seventh day and sanctified it; because that in it He
had rested from ALL HIS work which God CREATED TO MAKE (margin). His creative plan
was finished before the foundation of the world, but His work IS NOT YET DONE. In the
LXX (Septuagint) Genesis 2:3 is recorded as: "And God blessed the
seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He ceased from all his works which
GOD BEGAN TO DO."
Genesis 1:2 "And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was
upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters."
An excellent rendering of this verse in the LXX (Septuagint)
"And the earth was INVISIBLE and
unfurnished and there was darkness over this abyss."
Genesis 1:1................................... The Plan of God
Genesis 1:2................................... The Plan put into
Genesis 1:3 .................................. God creates light
Genesis 1:4 .................................. God divided light from
Genesis 1:6-10.............................. God forms the heavens, earth
At the time of the initial creation, there were no other planets, stars, or
other material bodies in the universe; nor did any of them come into being until the
fourth day. The earth itself originally had no form to it (Genesis 1:2); so this verse
must speak essentially of the creation of the basic elements of matter, which thereafter
were to be organized into other material bodies.
Back to "Introduction"
Forward to "Creation Itself -
Space, Matter, Time"