SECTION ONE - ADAM
CREATION ITSELF - SPACE, MATTER,
There are three elements in creation, none of which can have a meaningful existence without the other two.
In other words the Omniscient God called into existence the SPACE-MASS-TIME universe.
The only possibility of obtaining anything approximating an exact chronology would have to lie in the Bible itself. Biblical data essentially cluster around the following framework:
The chronology of the captivity and restoration is obtained from certain of the prophetical books (specially Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Daniel) and the post captivity historic books (Ezra and Nehemiah).
Genesis 1:2 ‘AND THE EARTH WAS...’
It is significant that every verse in the first chapter of Genesis (Except Genesis 1:1) begins with the conjunction "AND" (Hebrew WAW). This structure clearly means that each statement is sequentially and chronologically connected to the verses before and after. Each action follows directly upon the action described in the verse preceding it.
This pattern must apply to the first two verses, as well as to any other pair of verses in the chapter. Thus there seems no room for a chronological gap of any consequence between the first two verses of Genesis.
The condition described in verse 2 follows immediately upon the creative act of verse 1.
"WITHOUT FORM AND VOID"
THE ESSENTIAL MEANING, THEREFORE, IS: "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth (or SPACE and MATTER), and the matter so created was at first unformed and uninhabited."
The created cosmos, as discussed earlier, was a tri-universe of TIME, SPACE, and MATTER. Initially there were no stars or planets, only the basic matter component of the space-matter-time continuum. The elements that were to be formed into the planet Earth were at first only elements, not yet formed but nevertheless comprising the basic matter- the "DUST" of the earth.
"DARKNESS UPON THE FACE OF THE DEEP"
The idea that God, being Light, could not create a world in darkness is invalid, God Himself said: "I form the light, and create darkness..." (Isaiah 45:7). The physical universe, though created, was as yet neither formed nor ENERGIZED, and light is a form of energy. The absence of physical light means darkness, just as the absence of form and inhabitants means a universe in elemental form, not yet completed. No evil is implied in either case, merely incompleteness.
The "DEEP" TEHOWM) Refers later to the waters of the ocean. Initially, however, the earth had no form; and similarly, this state must apply to the waters also. The picture presented is one of all the basic material elements sustained in a pervasive watery matrix throughout the darkness of space. The same picture is suggested in 2 Peter 3:5 "...The earth standing out of the water and in the water."
There is an important reference to the initial formless condition of this watery suspension in Proverbs 8:24,27: "When there were no depths (same word as deep), I was brought forth ... when he set a compass upon the face of the depth (or deep). "This section of Proverbs 8 is a remarkable summary of the work of the Word of God,* which is the creative force of God on the first three days of creation.
Is it any wonder then, that the Spirit of God would cause John, the beloved disciple of Jesus Christ, to begin writing of The Gospel of John with this statement: "In the beginning was the WORD, AND THE WORD WAS WITH GOD, AND THE WORD WAS GOD." (John 1:1)
The first sentence of the Gospel offers a perfect example of the stately symmetry by which the whole narrative is marked. The three clauses of which it consists are set aside by side.
The Subject (the WORD) is three times repeated; and the substantive verb three times occupies the same elative position. The symmetry of form corresponds with the exhaustiveness of the thought. The three clauses contain all that it is possible for person to realize as to the essential nature of the WORD in relation to TIME, and MODE OF BEING, and CHARACTER:
At the same time these three clauses answer to the three great moments of the Incarnation of the WORD declared in John 1:14.
It was He who existed before there was an "earth" or a "deep" (proverbs 8:23,24), and it was He who "set a compass upon the face of the depth (deep)" (Proverbs 8:27). The word "compass" is the Hebrew word CHUG, which also occurs in Isaiah 40:22 ("...He sitteth upon the circle of the earth...") and in Job 22:14 ("....He walketh in the circuit of heaven..."). It is thus a striking reference to the earths sphericity, specially referring to the shape of the ocean, the spherical form of whose surface is everywhere the standard of measurement in vertical-that is, from sea level.
The fact that this "compass" had to be "set" on the face of the deep shows that the face of the deep originally had no such sphericity-it was FORMLESS, exactly as intimated in Genesis 1:2. Elements of matter and molecules of water were present, but not yet energized. The force of GRAVITY was not yet functioning to draw such particles together into a coherent mass with a definite form. Neither were the ELECTROMAGNETIC forces yet in operation and everything was in darkness. The physical universe had come into existence, but everything was still and dark - NO FORM, NO MOTION, NO LIGHT.
"THE FACE OF THE WATERS"
This term is synonymous with "the face of the deep." Again the word "FACE" means "PRESENCE," and the thought is that the formless waters, like the formless earth, were essentially a "presence" rather than a cohesive body.
Although the marvelous universe had been called into existence by the omniscient Creator, it had not yet been instilled with energy and set in motion. This must await the ENERGIZING ACTION OF THE SPIRIT OF GOD and the ACTIVATING POWER OF THE WORD OF GOD.
THE SPIRIT OF GOD MOVED
The context determines which is the correct meaning in any given instance. In Genesis 1:2, there is no doubt that the creative activity requires not a wind, but the person of God Himself. Since the universe was everywhere in need of activation, that Force of God that is both omnipresent and energizing is appropriately mentioned as working in the creation at this point.
This activity of the Holy Spirit is called that of "MOVING" in the presence of the waters.
Some commentators relate the word particularly to the hovering of a mother hen over her chicks. In any case, the idea seems to be mainly that of a RAPID BACK AND FORTH MOTION.
In modern scientific terminology, the best translation would probably be "VIBRATED." If the universe is to be energized, there must be an ENERGIZER. If it is to be set in motion, there must be a PRIME MOVER.
It is significant that the transmission of energy in the operations OF THE COSMOS IS as WAVES:
In fact (except for the nuclear forces that are involved in the structure of matter itself), there are only two fundamental types of forces that operate on matter-the GRAVITATIONAL FORCES and the forces of the ELECTROMAGNETIC spectrum. All are associated with "FIELDS" of activity and with transmission by WAVE MOTION.
WAVESare typically rapid back and forth movements and they are normally produced by the vibrator motion of a wave generator of some kind. Energy cannot create itself. It is most appropriate that the first importation of energy to the universe is described as the "VIBRATING" movement of the spirit of God Himself.
As the outflowing energy from Gods omnipresent Spirit began to flow outward and to permeate the cosmos, GRAVITATIONAL FORCES WERE ACTIVATED and water and earth particles came together to form a great SPHERE MOVING THROUGH SPACE. (Job 38:4-6). Other such particles would soon come together also to form SUN, MOON and STARS throughout the universe. There was now a "COMPASS" on the face of the deep, and the formless earth had assumed the beautiful form of a perfect sphere. It was now ready for LIGHT and HEAT and other forms of enlivening energy.
There is another "moving" of the Spirit of God mentioned in the Bible:
First the Spirit of God imparted motion and form to the inert and shapeless elements, and next would come the energy of spiritual light to dispel the darkness.
THE FIRST DAY
This is the first record of God speaking in the Bible.
"And God said, Let there be light; and there was light."
"God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night."
As though in anticipation of future misunderstanding, God carefully defined His terms! The very first time He used the word "day", He defined it as the "light," to distinguish it from the "darkness" called "night."
THE SECOND DAY
On the first day the earth was still of dominantly watery aspect. Other materials were mainly in the liquid state in solution or suspension, presumably with the water.
Some of these waters were to be separated from the greater mass of waters, however, and placed high above the rotating globe, with a great space separating them from the waters below.
THE THIRD DAY
It was in this, the 3rd "Creative Day," that:
"He strengthened the fountains of the deep; and gave to the sea His decree: that the water should not pass His commandment." Proverbs 8:28,29,
"And shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb. When He made the clouds a garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddling band for it, and set bars and doors, and said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed." Job 38:4-11
And God called the dry land, to be firm, the earth . The gathering of the waters called He To Roar, Seas . It was the master planner speaking but now we find the ACTUAL MOMENT OF CREATION OF THE EARTH AND SEAS IN THE THIRD DAY.