lakesmall.gif (2457 bytes)

Home

First
Covenant

Second
Covenant
Topical
Studies

Table of Contents


Hyperlink Hints

ISAIAH
The Gospel To Israel
Book 3

LESSON  TWENTY  SIX
Isaiah 51:1 - 52:12


Isaiah Chapter 51
Third Prophecy
The Bursting Forth of Salvation, and Turning Away of the Cup of Wrath

Isaiah 51:1-8    The Call To “Hearkin”  

Isa 51:1- Hearken unto Me Righteous
Isa 51:-1, 2 Illustration Abraham and Sarah
 
Isa 51:3 Jehovah Comfort and Joy
Isa 51:4, 5 Hearken unto Me Righteous
Isa 51:6- Illustration Heavens and Earth
 
Isa 51:-6 Jehovah Salvation and Righteousness
Isa 51:7 Hearken unto Me Righteous
Isa 51:8- Illustration Moth and Worm
 
Isa 51:-8 Jehovah Righteousness and Salvation

Isaiah 51:1-3
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(1)  Listen to Me, you who pursue justice, you who seek the Lord: Look to the rock you were hewn from, to the quarry you were dug from.

Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, and seek the Lord: look to the solid rock, which ye have hewn, and to the hole of the pit which ye have dug.

Hearken to my Memra, ye that follow after truth, that seek instruction from before the Lord: consider, ye that were hewn as a stone out of the rock, and dug out like rubble from an empty pit.

(2)  Look back to Abraham your father and to Sarah who brought you forth. For he was only one when I called him, but I blessed him and made him many.

Look to Abraam your father, and to Sarrha that bore you: for he was alone when I called him, and blessed him, and loved him, and multiplied him.

Consider Abraham your father, and Sarah who conceived you: for when Abraham was alone and solitary in the world I brought him to my service, and blessed him, and made him many.

(3)  Truly the Lord has comforted Zion, comforted all her ruins; He has made her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the Garden of the Lord. Gladness and joy shall abide there, thanksgiving and the sound of music.

And now I will comfort thee, O Sion: and I have comforted all her desert places; and I will make her desert places as a garden, and her western places as the garden of the Lord; they shall find in her gladness and exultation, thanksgiving and the voice of praise.

For the Lord is about to comfort Zion, to comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord: gladness and joy shall be found in her, they that offer up thanksgiving, and the voice of them that sing praises.

From the NKJV
(1)   Listen to Me, you who follow after righteousness, you who seek the LORD: look to the rock from which you were hewn, and to the hole of the pit from which you were dug.    (2)    Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who bore you; for I called him alone, and blessed him and increased him.
(3)   For the LORD will comfort Zion,  He will comfort all her waste places;  He will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness will be found in it, thanksgiving and the voice of melody.

51:2 Look = look well: as in verse 1.
The Figure of Speech is called Hermeneia, by which verse 2 interprets verse 1.

The prophetic address now turns again from the despisers of the word,  whom it has threatened with the torment of fire,  to those who long for salvation.

The prophecy is addressed

to those who are striving after the right kind of life and seeking Jehovah,
and not turning from Him to make earthly things and themselves the object of their pursuit.
For those only are in a condition by faith to regard as possible,
that which seems impossible.
Those only are in a condition in spirit to behold as real,
that which seems impossible to human understanding.

Abraham and Sarah are mentally set before them, for they are types of the salvation to be anticipated now.
Abraham is the rock whence the stones were hewn,
of which the house of Jacob is composed
Sarah with her maternal womb the the pit out of which Israel was brought to the light,
just as peat is dug out of a pit, or copper out of a mine.
The marriage of Abraham and Sarah was for a long time unfruitful;  it was,  as it were,  out of hard stone that God raised up children to Himself in Abraham and Sarah.  The rise of Israel was a miracle of divine power and grace.

For I called him alone
'echad (OT:259); a numeral from (OT:258); properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first

Genesis 12:1-4
Now the LORD had said to Abram:
"Get out of your country, from your family and from your father's house, to a land that I will show you.  I will make you a great nation;  I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing.  I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.
So Abram departed as the LORD had spoken to him, and Lot went with him.
And Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran.     (NKJV)
He is called one,  because he was one at the time of his call,  and yet through the might of the divine blessing became the root of the whole genealogical tree of Israel,  and of a great multitude of people that branched off from it.
This is what those who are now longing for salvation are to remember,  strengthening themselves by means of the olden time in their faith in the future which so greatly resembles it.

Sarah gave birth to Isaac after a long period of barrenness, so Zion - a second Sarah - will be surrounded by a joyous multitude of children after a long period of desolation.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

And in this we see the perfect picture:

Adam was one and from him came
the human race -
and sin -
and death
Abraham was one and from came
natural Israel -
and spiritual Israel
Jesus Christ was one and from Him came
the children of God -
and righteousness -
and eternal life

1 Corinthians 15:22
For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive.     (NKJV)

Galatians 3:8-9
And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, "In you all the nations shall be blessed."  So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.      (NKJV)

Galatians 3:16
Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say,  "And to seeds,"  as of many, but as of one,  "And to your Seed,"  who is Christ.      (NKJV)

Romans 5:14-15
Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.  But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man's offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.      (NKJV)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(1)  Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness, who seek the Lord. Look to the rock from which you were hewn, to the quarry from which you were dug.   (2)    Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah who bore you. For when he was only one person I called him. I made him fruitful (blessed him MT) and made him many.   (3)    For the Lord will comfort Zion, comfort all her waste places. He will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord. Joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the sound of music. Sorrow and mourning will flee away.
See Note in lesson 15 on the Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

Isaiah 51:4 & 5
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(4)  Hearken to me,  My people, and give ear to Me, O My nation, for teaching shall go forth from Me, My way for the light of peoples. In a moment I will bring it:

Hear me, hear me, my people; and ye kings, hearken to me: for a law shall proceed from me, and my judgment shall be for a light of the nations.

Hearken unto my Memra, O my people, and attend to my service, O my congregation: for a law shall go forth from before me, and my judgment as the light; the nations shall resort to it.

(5)  the triumph I grant is near, the success I give has gone forth. My arms shall provide for the peoples; the coastlands shall trust in Me, they shall look to My arm.

My righteousness speedily draws night, and my salvation shall go forth as light, and on mine arm shall the Gentiles trust: the isles shall wait for me, and on mine arm shall they trust.

My righteousness is near, my salvation is gone forth, and by the strength of my mighty arm shall the nations be judged: for my Memra shall the coastlands hope, and wait for the strength of my mighty arm.

From the NKJV
(4)  "Listen to Me, My people; and give ear to Me, O My nation: for law will proceed from Me, and I will make My justice rest as a light of the peoples.   (5)    My righteousness is near, My salvation has gone forth, and My arms will judge the peoples; the coastlands will wait upon Me, and on My arm they will trust.

51:4 - My rest as a light of peoples

Luke 2:32
A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of Your people Israel.
51:4 - law = the law of Moses,  which was Jehovah’s revealed instruction.
51:5 - trust = hope.  The Hebrew word is yahal. = to wait on,  or for,  with confidence,  twice used:
Job 13:15 (Though He slay me, yet will I trust Him), and here in Isa. 51:5.
(This is not the same word as used in Isaiah 50:10)

But the great work of the future extends far beyond the restoration of Israel, which becomes the source of salvation to the entire world.

What Isa 42:1 ff. describes as the calling of the servant of Jehovah, viz.,

to carry out justice among the nations,
and to plant it on the earth,
here as the act of Jehovah;  but,  as a comparison (Isa 2:3) clearly shows, as the act of the God who is present in Israel, and works from Israel outwards.
Out of Israel sprang the Savior
Out of Israel the apostleship
And when God shall have mercy upon Israel again,  it will become to the whole world of nations "life from the dead."

The torah (law) referred to here is that of Sion, as distinguished from that of Sinai,

the gospel of redemption,
and mishpât the new order of life in which Israel and the nations are united.
Jehovah makes for this a place of rest, a firm standing-place, from which it’s light to lighten the nation’s streams forth in all directions.

I will make My justice rest
'argiya`  (I will make rest) (OT: 7280) there are two opposite meanings:

raga` (raw-gah');  a primitive root;
properly - to toss violently and suddenly (the sea with waves, the skin with boils);
figuratively - (in a favorable manner) to settle, i.e. quiet; specifically, to wink (from the motion of the eye-lids):
(Biblesoft's New Exhaustive Strong's Numbers and Concordance with Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary. Copyright © 1994, 2003 Biblesoft, Inc. and International Bible Translators, Inc.)
Here,  in the sense of:  to return, to procure return, entrance, and rest;
different from Isa 51:15,  which signifies the very opposite, viz., to disturb, literally to throw into trembling.

The meaning of the former is determined by the character of the torah,
which gives "the knowledge of salvation" (Luke 1:77)
and with that  "the righteousness of God" (Rom 1:17)
This righteousness is now upon the point of being revealed; this salvation has started on the way towards the fullest realization. The great mass of the nations fall under the judgment which the arms of Jehovah inflict, as they cast down to the ground on the right hand and on the left.
Luke 1:76 & 77
And you, child, will be called the prophet of the Highest;  for you will go before the face of the Lord to prepare His ways,  to give knowledge of salvation to His people by the remission of their sins.
Rom 1:16 & 17
For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek.  For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, "The just shall live by faith."

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(4)  Pay attention to me, my people! Listen to me, my nation! For a law will go forth from me, and my justice will be a light for the peoples. I will quickly bring   (5)   my victory near; my salvation will go forth. His arm (My arms MT) will judge the peoples, the coastlands will wait for him, (me MT) and in his (my MT) arm they will hope.

Isaiah 51:6
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(6)  Raise your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: though the heavens should melt away like smoke and the earth wear out like a garment, and its inhabitants die out as well, My victory shall stand forever, My triumph shall remain unbroken.

Lift up your eyes to the sky, and look on the earth beneath: for the sky was darkened like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and the inhabitants shall die in like manner: but my righteousness shall not fail.

Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and consider the earth beneath; for the heavens, as smoke that passes away, so shall they pass away; and the earth, as a garment that waxes old, so shall it wax old; and the inhabitants thereof, even they also shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not fail.

From the NKJV
(6)  Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look on the earth beneath.  For the heavens will vanish away like smoke, the earth will grow old like a garment, and those who dwell in it will die in like manner; but My salvation will be forever, and My righteousness will not be abolished.

The people of God are now summoned to turn their eyes upwards and downwards:  the old world above their heads and under their feet is destined to destruction.
The reason for the summons follows with kii (for).

Vanish away
malach  (OT:4414)   a primitive root;  to rub to pieces or pulverize; intransitively, to disappear as dust
The heavens will be resolved into atoms,  like smoke.

Righteousness (tsedâqâh) and Salvation (yeshuu'âh) are the heavenly powers,  which acquire dominion through the overthrow of the world, and become the foundations of the new (2 Peter 3:13).
(from Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

2 Peter 3:13
But we look for new heavens and a new earth according to His promise, in which righteousness (uprightness, freedom from sin, and right standing with God) is to abide.     (Amp)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(6)  Raise your eyes to the heavens, and look to the earth beneath, and see who created these. (for the heavens will disappear like smoke, and the earth will wear out like a garment 1Q1sa (b). MT. LXX.)  Its inhabitants will die like a gnat, but my salvation will be forever, and my victory will not fail.

Isaiah 51:7 & 8
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(7)  Listen to Me, you who care for the right, O people who lay My instruction to heart! Fear not the insults of men, and be not dismayed at their jeers;

Hear me, ye that know judgment, the people in whose heart is my law: fear not the reproach of men, and be not overcome by their contempt.

Hearken unto my Memra, ye that know truth, the people in whose heart is the instruction of my law; fear ye not the insults of men; neither be ye dismayed at their boasting.

(8)  For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, the worm shall eat them up like wool. But My triumph shall endure forever, My salvation through all the ages.

For as a garment will be devoured by time, and as wool will be devoured by a moth, so shall they be consumed; but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation for all generations.

For they shall be as a garment that the moth devoured, and as wool which decay seized; but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation for all generations.

From the NKJV
(7)  Listen to Me, you who know righteousness, you people in whose heart is My law:  do not fear the reproach of men, nor be afraid of their insults.    (8)    For the moth will eat them up like a garment, and the worm will eat them like wool;  but My righteousness will be forever, and My salvation from generation to generation.

Upon this magnificent promise of the final triumph of the counsel of God,  an exhortation is founded to the persecuted church,  not to be afraid of men.

Righteousness...My law
None of these need to be afraid of men.  Their despisers and blasphemers are men,  whose pretended omnipotence,  exaltation,  and indestructibility,  are an unnatural self-convicted lie.

The moth...the worm
The double figure in verse 8, which forms a play upon words that cannot well be reproduced, affirms that the smallest exertion of strength is quite sufficient to annihilate their sham greatness and sham power;  and that long before they are actually destroyed,  they carry the constantly increasing germ of it within themselves.

They were so weak when compared with Yahweh that even the moth,  one of the smallest,  and most contemptible of insects,  would consume them.
An expression remarkably similar to this occurs in Job 4:18-20:

If He puts no trust in His servants,
If He charges His angels with error,
How much more those who dwell in houses of clay,
Whose foundation is in the dust,
Who are crushed before a moth?
They are broken in pieces from morning till evening;
They perish forever, with no one regarding.

Perhaps the following extract from Niebuhr may throw some light on the passage,  as showing that man may be crushed by so feeble a thing as a worm:

'A disease very common an Yemen is the attack of the Guiney-worm, or the 'Verea-Medinensis,' as it is called by the physicians of  Europe. This disease is supposed to be occasioned by the use of the putrid waters,  which people are obliged to drink in various parts of Yemen;  and for this reason the Arabians always pass water,  with the nature of which they are unacquainted,  through a linen cloth before using it.  When one unfortunately swallows the eggs of this insect,  no immediate consequence follows;  but after a considerable time the worm begins to show itself through the skin.  Our physician,  Mr. Cramer,  was within a few days of his death attacked by five of these worms at once,  although this was more than five months after we left Arabia.  In the isle of Karek I saw a French officer named Le Page,  who,  after a long and difficult journey,  performed on foot,  and in an Indian dress,  between Pondicherry and Surat,  through the heat of India,  was busy extracting a worm out of his body.  He supposed he had got it by drinking bad water in the country of the Mahrattas.  This disorder is not dangerous if the person who is affected can extract the worm without breaking it.  With this view it is rolled on a small bit of wood as it comes out of the skin.  It is slender as a thread,  and two or three feet long.  If unluckily it be broken,  it then returns into the body,  and the most disagreeable consequences ensue-palsy,  a gangrene,  and sometimes death.'
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(7)  Listen to me, you who know righteousness, people who have my law in their hearts. Do not fear the insults of mortals, nor be dismayed at their hateful words,   (8)   For the moth will eat them up like a garment, and the worm will eat them like wool; but my victory will be forever, and my salvation to all generations.


Isaiah 51:9 – 52:12
The Call To Israel (“AWAKE”)

  Isa 51:9, 10 “Awake, awake” Call to Jehovah
 
Isa 51:11-16 Comfort
  Isa 51:21-23 “Awake, awake” Call to Jerusalem
 
Isa 51:11-16 Comfort
  52:3 – 12 “Awake, awake” Call to Zion
 
Isa 51:11-16 Comfort

Isaiah 51:9-11
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(9)  Awake, awake, clothe yourself with splendor. O arm of the Lord! Awake as in days of old, as in former ages! It was you that hacked Rahab in pieces, that pierced the Dragon.

Awake, awake, O Jerusalem, and put on the strength of thine arm; awake as in the early time, as the ancient generation.

Reveal thyself, reveal thyself, put on strength, O might from before the Lord; reveal thyself as in the days of old, the generations that were from the beginning. Did I not for thy sake, O congregation of Israel, break the mighty men and destroy Pharaoh and his armies that were as strong as the dragon?

(10)  It was you that dried up the Sea, the waters of the great deep; that made the abysses of the Sea a road the redeemed might walk.

Art thou not it that dried the sea, the water, even the abundance of the deep; that made the depths of the sea a way of passage for the delivered and redeemed?

Did I not for thy sake, O congregation of Israel, dry up the sea, the waters of the great deep? Did I not make the depths of the sea a way for the delivered to pass through?

(11)  So let the ransomed of the Lord return, and come with shouting to Zion, crowned with joy everlasting. Let them attain joy and gladness, while sorrow and sighing flee.

For by the help of the Lord they shall return, and come to Sion with joy and everlasting exultation, for praise and joy shall come upon their head: pain, and grief, and groaning, have fled away.

And the redeemed of the Lord shall be gathered together from among their exiles, and shall enter into Zion with a song, and they shall have everlasting joy that ceases not, and a cloud of glory shall cover their heads: they shall find gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall cease from them, even from them of the house of Israel.

From the NKJV
(9)  Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD!  Awake as in the ancient days, in the generations of old.  Are You not the arm that cut Rahab apart, and wounded the serpent?    (10)    Are You not the One who dried up the sea, the waters of the great deep; that made the depths of the sea a road for the redeemed to cross over?
(11)  So the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with singing, with everlasting joy on their heads.  They shall obtain joy and gladness; sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
51:9 Awake (`uwriy) Same word as in Isa 52:1. Not the same as in verse 17 (Hit`owrªriy).
Note the Figure of Speech Epizeuxis (for emphasis).
Rahab = Egypt
51:10 Dried up the sea Reference to the Pentateuch (Exodus 14:29  "the children of Israel had walked on dry land in the midst of the sea")
Ransomed (ga’al) Ransomed  = Redeemed (by price, or blood) 
Cp. Exodus 6:6 (I will redeem you with an outstretched arm).
51:11 Redeemed (padah) Redeemed   = Redeemed  (release, preserve)

But just as such an exhortation as this followed very naturally from the grand promises with which the prophecy commenced,  so does a longing for the promised salvation spring out of this exhortation,  together with the assurance of its eventual realization.

Jehovah's arm implies his active,  supernatural intervention to deliver his people and punish his foes.
The restoration of Zion,  the new world of righteousness and salvation,  is a work of the arm of Jehovah,  i.e.,  of the manifestation of His might.  His arm is now in a sleeping state.  It is not lifeless,  indeed,  but motionless.  Therefore the church calls out to it three times, "Awake.”
The arm of Jehovah is able to accomplish what the prophecy affirms and the church hopes for;  since it has already miraculously redeemed Israel once.

Mathew Henry submits:
1. They plead Precedents What He has done in the past
 
The experiences of their ancestors,  and the great things God had done for them.
God is never at a loss for a way to accomplish his purposes concerning his people, but will either find one or make one.
Past experiences, as they are great supports to faith and hope, so they are good pleas in prayer.
2. They plead Promises What He said He would do
 
And the redeemed of the Lord shall return.
That is,  Thou hast said they shall,  (referring to Isaiah 35:10,  where we find this promise,  that the redeemed of the Lord,  when they are released out of their captivity in Babylon,  shall come with singing unto Zion).
Sinners, when they are brought out of the slavery of sin into the glorious liberty of God's children,  may come singing,  as a bird got loose out of the cage.
The souls of believers,  when they are delivered out of the prison of the body,  come to the heavenly Zion with singing.
Then this promise will have its full accomplishment,  and we may plead it in the mean time.  He that designs such joy for us at last,  will He not work such deliverances for us in the mean time as our case requires?
(from Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: New Modern Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1991 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(9)  Awake, awake, be clothed with strength, arm of the Lord! Awake, as in the days of old, ancient times. Was it not you who broke Rehob to pieces, who pierced the sea monster?   (10)   Was it not you who dried up Sea, the waters of the great deep, who made in the depths of the sea a path for the redeemed to pass over?   (11)   The dispersed of the Lord will return, and enter Zion with singing. Everlasting joy will be upon their heads. They will attain joy and gladness, and sorrow and mourning will flee away.

Isaiah 51:12-15
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(12)  I, I am He who comforts you! What ails you that you fear man, who must die, mortals who fare like grass?

I, even I, am he that comforts thee: consider who thou art, that thou wast afraid of mortal man, and of the son of man, who are withered as grass.

I, even I, am he that comforts you: of whom are ye afraid? Of man that dieth and of the son of man that is reckoned as grass?

(13)  You have forgotten the Lord your Maker, who stretched out the skies and made firm the earth! And you live all day in constant dread because of the rage of an oppressor who is aiming to cut [you] down. Yet of what account is the rage of an oppressor?

And thou hast forgotten God who made thee, who made the sky and founded the earth; and thou wert continually afraid because of the wrath of him that afflicted thee: for whereas he counseled to take thee away, yet now where is the wrath of him that afflicted thee?

And thou hast forgotten the service of the Lord who made thee, who suspended the heavens, and founded the earth; and feareth continually all the day from before the fury of the oppressor, as often as they make ready to destroy, and now, where is the fury of the oppressor?

(14)  Quickly the crouching one is freed; he is not cut down and slain, and he shall not want for food.

For in thy deliverance he shall not halt, nor tarry;

The avenger hastens to be revealed, and the righteous shall not die and perish, neither shall they lack their food.

(15)  For I the Lord your God – Who stir up the sea into roaring waves, Whose name is Lord of Hosts –

for I am thy God that troubles the sea, and causes the waves thereof to roar: the Lord of hosts is my name.

For I am the Lord thy God that rebukes the sea and the waves thereof roar; the Lord of hosts is his name.

From the NKJV
(12)  "I, even I, am He who comforts you.  Who are you that you should be afraid of a man who will die, and of the son of a man who will be made like grass?    (13)    And you forget the LORD your Maker, Who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth; you have feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, when he has prepared to destroy.  And where is the fury of the oppressor?    (14)    The captive exile hastens, that he may be loosed, that he should not die in the pit, and that his bread should not fail.    (15)    But I am the LORD your God, Who divided the sea whose waves roared — the LORD of hosts is His name.

Reading these Scriptures brings two things to mind:
1. Of whom are ye afraid? Of man that dieth?
 
Matthew 10:28
And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
2. God that rebukes the sea  
 
Matthew 8:27
So the men marveled, saying, "Who can this be, that even the winds and the sea obey Him?"

In the second half the promise commences again,  but with more distinct reference to the oppression of the exiles and the sufferings of Jerusalem.  Jehovah Himself begins to speak now,  setting His seal upon what is longed and hoped for.

From this major, that

Jehovah is the comforter of His church,
and by means of a minor, that
whoever has Him for a comforter has no need to fear,
the conclusion is drawn that
the church has no cause to fear!

The captive exile - [tso`eh (OT:6808)].
Cocceins explains - One forced by the impetuous enemy to go with mighty steps into exile.
Vulgate,  'gradiens' - literally,  one bowed down as a captive.
Thus it is akin to yaatsa` (OT:3331), to prostrate.
But the Rabbis explain it - The wandering exile.
The scene is primarily

Babylon - and the time near the close of the captivity.
Secondarily, and anti-typically,
the mystical Babylon - Israel's and the church's last enemy,  in which they have long suffered,  but from which they are to be gloriously delivered.
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

Why do we not fear?  In whom do we trust?
I am Yahweh (the Creator)
Your Elohim (the living One Who  is to be worshipped)
His Name Is:
Jehovah Zebaoth (the Creator of  Hosts - Armies) as in 2 Kings 6:17
The NIV has: the LORD Almighty is his name

2 Kings 6:15-18
And when the servant of the man of God arose early and went out, there was an army, surrounding the city with horses and chariots. And his servant said to him, "Alas, my master! What shall we do?"
So he answered, "Do not fear, for those who are with us are more than those who are with them."  And Elisha prayed, and said, "LORD, I pray, open his eyes that he may see." Then the LORD opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.  So when the Syrians came down to him, Elisha prayed to the LORD, and said, "Strike this people, I pray, with blindness."  And He struck them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.     (NKJV)

For the captives in Babylon,

Jehovah Zebaoth raised up Cyrus to fulfill His promise of deliverance.
For the captives of Sin in the world,
Jehovah Zebaoth raised up Jehoshua to fulfill His promise of deliverance.

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(12)  I, I am he who comforts you. Who are you, that you are afraid of humans who will die, and of mortals made like grass?   (13)   That you forgot the Lord who made you, who stretched out the heavens and established the earth, and you continue to fear every day the fury of the oppressor since he is ready to destroy? Where is the fury of the oppressor?   (14)   Distress (The one stooped over MT) will quickly be freed. He will not die for the Pit, nor will he lack food.  (15)   I am the Lord your God, stirring up the sea, so that its waves roar – the Lord of Hosts is his name.

Isaiah 51:16
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(16)  I Have put My words in your mouth and sheltered you with My hand; I, who planted the skies and made firm the earth, have said to Zion: You are My people!

I will put my words into thy mouth, and I will shelter thee under the shadow of mine hand, with which I fixed the sky, and founded the earth: and the Lord shall say to Sion, Thou art my people.

And I have set the words of my prophecy in thy mouth, and in the shadow of my might have I protected thee to establish the people, of whom it was said that they should become numerous as the stars of the heavens, and to establish the congregation of whom it was said that they should become numerous as the dust of the earth, and to say to the dwellers in Zion, Ye are my people.

From the NKJV
(16)  And I have put My words in your mouth; I have covered you with the shadow of My hand, that I may plant the heavens, lay the foundations of the earth, and say to Zion, "You are My people."

The promise,  as the pledge of which Jehovah has staked His absolute power,  to which everything must yield,  now rises up to an eschatological height,  from the historical point at which it began.  It is a lofty calling,  a glorious future,  for the preparation and introduction of which Israel has been equipped and kept in the shadow of unapproachable omnipotence.  Jehovah has put His words into the mouth of this Israel - His words,  the force and certainty of which are measured by His all-determining absoluteness.  And what is the exalted calling which it is to sub serve through the medium of these words,  and for which it is preserved,  without previously,  or indeed at any time,  passing away?

Jehovah says this to Israel.  The planter,  founder,  speaker,  is therefore Jehovah.
It is God's own work,  to which Israel is merely instrumentally subservient,  by means of the words of God.

The Targum has:

"to restore the people of whom it is said,  They will be as numerous as the stars of heaven; and to perfect the church, of which it is said,  They will be as numerous as the dust of the earth."
The Chaldee renders it,
'In the shadow of my power have I protected thee, that I might raise up the people of whom it was said, that they should be multiplied as the stars of heaven.'
Knobel understands by this a completion of the theocracy,  and a new arrangement of the condition of the world.
Ewald says - a new spiritual creation, of which the liberation of Israel is the first corner-stone.

Jehovah intends to create a new world of righteousness and salvation,  and practically to acknowledge Zion as His people.  The preparation for this great and all-renewing work of the future is aided by the true Israel,  which is now enslaved by the heathen,  and disowned and persecuted by its own countrymen.  A future of salvation,  embracing Israel and the heaven and the earth,  is implied in the words placed by Jehovah in the mouth of His church,  which was faithful to its calling.

These words in their mouth are the seed-corns of a new world in the midst of the old.
The fact that the very same thing is said here of the true spiritual Israel,  as in Isa 49:2 of the one servant of Jehovah,  may be explained in the same manner as when the apostles apply to themselves,  quoted in Acts 13:47, a word of God relating to the one Servant of Jehovah,  by saying,  "So hath the Lord commanded us."
The One is,  in fact,  one with this Israel;  He is this Israel in its highest potency;  He towers above it,  but only as the head rises above the members of the body,  with which it forms a living whole.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown have:
And I have put my words in thy mouth - Addressed to

Israel,  embodied in  'the servant of Yahweh'  (Isa 42:1),
Messiah, its ideal and representative Head,  through whom the elect remnant is to be restored.
God 'put His words in the mouth' of Israel,  the depositary of true religion,  primarily;
but fully,  in the mouth of Israel's Head and antitype,  Messiah ("For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure." John 3:34).
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(16)  I have put my words in your mouth, and with the shadow of my hand have covered you, to plant the heavens and to establish the earth, to say to Zion, “You are my people.”



GOD'S  FURY  REMOVED

Top
Next Section
Previous Section

Isaiah 51:17-20
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(17)  Rouse, rouse yourself! Arise, O Jerusalem, You who from the Lord’s hand have drunk the cup of His wrath, you who have drained to the dregs the bowl, the cup of reeling!

Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, that hast drunk at the hand of the Lord the cup of his fury: for thou hast drunk out and drained the cup of calamity, the cup of wrath:

Exalt, exalt thyself, arise, O Jerusalem, which hast received from before the Lord the cup of his fury; the bowl of the cup of cursing hast thou drunken and drained.

(18)  She has none to guide her of all the sons she bore; none takes her by the hand, of all the sons she reared.

and there was none to comfort thee of all the children whom thou barest; and there was none to take hold of thine hand, not even of all the children whom thou hast reared.

There is none that comforted her of all the sons whom she hath brought forth; neither is there any that taketh her by the hand of all the sons that she hath brought up.

(19)  These two things have befallen you: Wrack and ruin – who can console you? Famine and sword – how shall I comfort you?

Wherefore these things are against thee; who shall sympathize with thee in thy grief? Downfall, and destruction, famine and sword: who shall comfort thee?

Two afflictions have come upon thee, O Jerusalem; thou canst not stand: when four shall come upon thee, spoiling and destruction and the famine and the sword, there is none that will comfort thee but I.

(20)  Your sons lie in a swoon at the corner of every street – like an antelope caught in a net – drunk with the wrath of the Lord, with the rebuke of your God.

Thy sons are the perplexed ones that sleep at the top of every street as a half-boiled beet; they that are full of the anger of the Lord, caused to faint by the Lord God.

Thy sons shall be torn in pieces; they lie at the top of all the streets like them that are cast into nets; they are full of fury from before the Lord, of rebuke from before thy God.

From the NKJV
(17)  Awake, awake! Stand up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of His fury; you have drunk the dregs of the cup of trembling, and drained it out.   (18)   There is no one to guide her among all the sons she has brought forth; nor is there any who takes her by the hand among all the sons she has brought up.   (19)    These two things have come to you; who will be sorry for you? — Desolation and destruction, famine and sword — by whom will I comfort you?    (20)    Your sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, like an antelope in a net; they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of your God.

Just as we found above, that the exclamation "awake" ('uurii), which the church addresses to the arm of Jehovah,  grew out of the preceding great promises;
so here there grows out of the same another "awake" (hith'oorerii),  which the prophet addresses to Jerusalem in the name of his God, and the reason for which is given in the form of new promises.

You have drunk...the cup
The wrath of Yahweh is not infrequently compared to a cup producing intoxication.
The reason is,  that it produces a similar effect.  It prostrates the strength,  and makes the subject of it reel,  stagger,  and fall.  In like manner,  all calamities are represented under the image of a cup that is drunk,  producing a prostrating effect on the frame.  Thus the Savior says, 'The cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?' (John 18:11; compare Matthew 20:22-23; 26:39,42).
The effects of drinking the cup of God s displeasure are often beautifully set forth. Thus, in Psalms 75:8:

For in the hand of the JEHOVAH there is a cup,
And the wine is red;
It is fully mixed, and He pours it out;
Surely its dregs shall all the wicked of the earth
Drain and drink down.
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

You have drunk the dregs
All the intoxicating liquor had been poured off.  They had entirely exhausted the cup of the wrath of God.
Similar language occurs in Revelation 14:10: 'The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture, into the cup of his indignation.'
The idea of the dregs is taken from the fact that,  among the ancients,  various substances,  as honey,  dates,  etc.,  were put into wine,  in order to produce the intoxicating quality in the highest degree.  The sediment of course would remain at the bottom of the cask or cup when the wine was poured off.
Homer,  who lived about a thousand years before Christ,  and whose descriptions are always regarded as exact accounts of the customs in his time,  frequently mentions potent drugs as being mixed with wines.
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

These two things  
1. Outward One is outward as of the things that come to the body,  such as war,  and famine
Desolation and destruction
Famine and sword
Your sons have fainted
They lie at the head of all the streets, like an antelope in a net
2. Inward The other is inward, and belongs to the mind:  that is,  to be without comfort
There is no one to guide her
Nor is there any who takes her by the hand
Who will be sorry for you?
 By whom will I comfort you?
(from Geneva Notes, PC Study Bible formatted electronic database Copyright © 2003 Biblesoft, Inc. All rights reserved.)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(17)  Awake, awake, stand up, Jerusalem, who drank at the hand of the Lord the cup of his anger. To the bottom of the cup of staggering you drank and drained it.   (18)    There is no one to guide you (her MT) out of all the children she bore, none to take her by the hand out of all the children she raised.   (19)   These two things have come upon you – who will empathize with you? Ruin and destruction, famine and the sword. Who will comfort you?   (20)   Your sons have fainted. They lie at the end of every street, like an antelope in a trap, filled with the anger of the Lord, the rebuke of your God.

Isaiah 51:21-23
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(21)  Therefore, listen to this, unhappy one, who are drunk, but not with wine?

Therefore hear, thou afflicted one, and drunken, but not with wine;

Therefore hear this now, thou outcast one, that art drunk with affliction and not with wine.

(22)  Thus said the Lord, your Lord, your God who champions His people: Herewith I take from your hand the cup of reeling, the bowl, the cup of My wrath; you shall never drink it again.

thus saith the Lord God that judges his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of calamity, the cup of my wrath; and thou shalt not drink it any more.

Thus saith thy lord, even the Lord, and thy God who is about to execute the righteous vengeance of his people, Behold, I have received from thy hand the cup of cursing, the bowl of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again.

(23)  I will put it in the hands of your tormentors, who have commanded you, “Get down, that we may walk over you” – so that you made your back like the ground, like a street for passersby.

And I will give it into the hands of them that injured thee, and them that afflicted thee; who said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may pass over: and thou didst level thy body with the ground to them passing by without.

And I will put it into the hand of them that were oppressing thee; that were saying to thy soul, Bow down, that we may pass over; and thou didst bow down thy glory as the earth, and wast as the street to them that pass over.

From the NKJV

(21)  Therefore please hear this, you afflicted, and drunk but not with wine.   (22)   Thus says your Lord, the LORD and your God, Who pleads the cause of His people:  "See, I have taken out of your hand the cup of trembling, the dregs of the cup of My fury; you shall no longer drink it.   (23)   But I will put it into the hand of those who afflict you, who have said to you,  'Lie down, that we may walk over you.'  And you have laid your body like the ground, and as the street, for those who walk over."

With lâkheen (therefore) the address turns from the picture of Sufferings to the Promise.
Therefore - because she had endured the full measure of God's wrath,  she is to hear what His mercy that has now begun to move,  purposes to do.

Jerusalem has been obliged to let her children be degraded into the defenseless objects of despotic tyranny and caprice, both at home in their own conquered country, and abroad in exile. But the relation is reversed now. Jerusalem is delivered, after having been punished, and the instruments of her punishment are given up to the punishment which their pride deserved.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

You should no longer drink it
You shall no more be subject to similar trials and calamities.
Probably the idea here is,  not that Jerusalem would never be again destroyed,  which would not be true,  for it was afterward subjected to severer trials under the Romans;  but that the people who should then return - the pious exiles - should be preserved forever after from similar sufferings.  The object of the prophet is to console them,  and this he does by the assurance that they should be subjected to such trials no more.
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

Israel as a people were also subjected to ruthless brutalities by the Nazis.  But there will come a time when this  promise will hold true for all time and eternity - the final restoration of Israel.

Revelation 7:2-8
(2)  Then I saw a second angel coming up from the east (the rising of the sun) and carrying the seal of the living God. And with a loud voice he called out to the four angels who had been given authority and power to injure earth and sea,
(3)  Saying Harm neither the earth nor the sea nor the trees, until we have sealed the bond servants of our God upon their foreheads. [Ezek 9:4.]
(4)  And [then] I heard how many were sealed (marked) out of every tribe of the sons of Israel: there were 144,000.
(5)  Twelve thousand were sealed (marked) out of the tribe of Judah, 12,000 of the tribe of Reuben, 12,000 of the tribe of Gad,
(6)  Twelve thousand of the tribe of Asher, 12,000 of the tribe of Naphtali, 12,000 of the tribe of Manasseh,
(7)  Twelve thousand of the tribe of Simeon, 12,000 of the tribe of Levi, 12,000 of the tribe of Issachar,
(8)  Twelve thousand of the tribe of Zebulun, 12,000 of the tribe of Joseph, 12,000 of the tribe of Benjamin.     (AMP)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(21)  Therefore listen to this, afflicted one, drunken one, but not with wine:   (22)   Thus says your Lord, the Lord your God, who pleads the cause of his people: See, I have taken out of your hand the cup of staggering. The deep cut of my anger you will never again drink.   (23)   I will put it into the hand of those who afflicted and oppressed you, who said to you, “Bow down, so that we may step over,” so that you had to make your back like the ground, like the street, for them to step over.



YAHWEH  REDEEMS  JERUSALEM

Top
Next Section
Previous Section

Isaiah Chapter 52
Fourth Prophecy
Jerusalem Exchanges Servitude for Dominion, and Imprisonment for Liberty

Isaiah 52:1 & 2
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(1)  Awake, awake, O Zion! Clothe yourself in splendor; Put on your robes of majesty, Jerusalem, holy city! For the uncircumcised and the unclean shall never enter you again.

Awake, awake, Sion; put on thy strength, O Sion; and do thou put on thy glory, Jerusalem the holy city: there shall no more pass through thee the uncircumcised and unclean.

Reveal thyself, reveal thyself, put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy glorious garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for there shall no more pass through thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.

(2)  Arise, shake off the dust, sit [on your throne], Jerusalem! Loose the bonds from your neck, O captive one, fair Zion!

Shake off the dust and arise; sit down, Jerusalem: put off the band of thy neck, captive daughter of Sion.

Shake thyself from the dust; arise, sit on the throne of glory, O Jerusalem; the chains of your neck are cut off, O captives of the congregation of Zion.

From the NKJV
(1)  Awake, awake!  Put on your strength, O Zion;  put on your beautiful garments,  O Jerusalem, the holy city!  For the uncircumcised and the unclean shall no longer come to you.   (2)    Shake yourself from the dust, arise; sit down, O Jerusalem!  Loose yourself from the bonds of your neck, O captive daughter of Zion!

Awake - Put on...
The same call, which was addressed in Isa 51:9 to the arm of Jehovah that was then represented as sleeping,  is here addressed to Jerusalem,  which is represented as a sleeping woman.

To be awakened is not enough.  If we go no further we shall go back either into indifference,  or into rebellion,  or into despair.
The call is  "put on your strength,  put on your beautiful garments."
Garments of praise,  cloth of zeal,  beautiful covering of humility.
In this the Christian must be always arrayed, for we are children of the King, and God wants us always to appear in Court dress.
(from The Biblical Illustrator Copyright (c) 2002 AGES and Biblesoft, Inc.)

Isaiah 61:3
To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes , the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness;     (KJV)

Uncircumcised and Unclean shall no longer come
Vine's Expository Dictionary points out that frequently the principles underlying events recorded in the Old Testament extend beyond their immediate application.
This is because time,  as we know it, is in God, God is not in time.

We see time as linear - things  happen one after the other in the progression of time and the passing of days.
God sees time as in an instant of His existence.
Jesus expressed this when He said in John 8:58: "Before Abraham was born, I am."  (NIV)
In this instance we find:
Natural Israel The generation that returned to Israel from Babylon and reclaimed their land would not see Jerusalem defiled again in their lifetime.
Natural Israel The final restoration of Israel spoken of in Revelations.  (see above)
Spiritual Israel The church is to be spotless and victorious.
Revelation 21:27 - Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful.   (NIV)

Sit down - sit as queen. Cp Revelation 18:7, for usage.
Revelation 18:7
To the degree that she glorified herself and reveled in her wantonness [living deliciously and luxuriously], to that measure impose on her torment and anguish and tears and mourning. Since in her heart she boasts, I am not a widow; as a queen [on a throne] I sit, and I shall never see suffering or experience sorrow-- [Isa 47:8, 9.]     (AMP)

Jerusalem is sitting upon the ground as a prisoner, having no seat to sit upon;  but this is only that she may be the more highly exalted; - whereas the daughter of Babylon is seated as a queen upon a throne,  but only to be the more deeply degraded.  The former is now to shake herself free from the dust,  and to rise up and sit down (viz., upon a throne).  For she who was mourning in her humiliation is to be restored to honor once more and she who was so shamefully laden with fetters to liberty.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

The bonds of your neck
The bonds of the neck could only refer to the chains by which conquered people were led into captivity. They were chained together in long lines until they reached their destination where they were sent into slavery or otherwise disposed of.
(Dake's Annotated Reverence Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, Dake Publishing, Lawrenceville, GA)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(1)  Awake, awake, put on strength, (your strength MT LXX) O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for the uncircumcised and the unclean will not enter you.   (2)   Shake yourself from the dust; and arise, and sit on your throne, O Jerusalem; loose the bonds from your neck, O captive daughter of Zion.

Isaiah 52:3-6
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(3)  For thus said the Lord: You were sold for no price, and shall be redeemed without money.

For thus saith the Lord, Ye have been sold for nought; and ye shall not be ransomed with silver.

For thus saith the Lord, Ye were sold for naught; and ye shall be redeemed without money.

(4)  For thus said the Lord God: of old, My people went down to Egypt to sojourn there; but Assyria has robbed them, giving nothing in return.

Thus saith the Lord, My people went down before to Egypt to sojourn there; and were carried away forcibly to the Assyrians.

For thus saith the Lord Elohim, My people went down to Egypt at the first to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.

(5)  What therefore do I gain here? – declares the Lord – for My people has been carried off for nothing, their mockers howl – declares the Lord – and constantly, unceasingly, My name is reviled.

And now why are ye here? Thus saith the Lord, because my people were taken for nothing, wonder ye and howl. Thus saith the Lord, On account of you my name is continually blasphemed among the Gentiles.

And now I am about to deliver them, saith the Lord; because my people was sold for naught the nations that ruled over them boast themselves, saith the Lord; and continually all the day they provoke to anger because of  the worship of my name.

(6)  Assuredly, My people shall learn My name, assuredly [they shall learn] on that day that I, the One who promised, am now at hand.

Therefore shall my people know my name in that day, for I am he that speaks: I am present,

Therefore shall my name be magnified among the nations; therefore at that time ye shall know that it is I who have spoken; and my Memra abideth.

From the NKJV
(3)  For thus says the LORD: "You have sold yourselves for nothing, and you shall be redeemed without money."
(4)  For thus says the Lord GOD: "My people went down at first into Egypt to dwell there; then the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.    (5)   Now therefore, what have I here," says the LORD, "that My people are taken away for nothing? Those who rule over them make them wail," says the LORD, "and My name is blasphemed continually every day.    (6)    Therefore My people shall know My name; therefore they shall know in that day that I am He who speaks: 'Behold, it is I.'"

For thus says

verse 3 Yahweh Jehovah The Eternal One - The I Am
verse 4 'Adonaay Yahweh Adonai The Sovereign Eternal One
Here we see Yahweh referring to Himself  not only in His covenant relationship with Israel (Yahweh),
but in His sovereign relationship as Owner and Ruler of the world and all in it.
We see His displeasure at the abuse of His Name and His desire that His people know His Name
verse 5 My name continually is blasphemed all day long   (AMP)
verse 6 My people shall know what My name is and what it means  (AMP)

Romans 2:24
As it is written: "God's name is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you."     (NIV)

Ezekiel 36:20-21
When they came to the nations, wherever they went, they profaned My holy name — when they said of them, 'These are the people of the LORD, and yet they have gone out of His land.'  But I had concern for My holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the nations wherever they went.     (NKJV)

Philippians 2:5-11
Christ Jesus ... God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.    (NIV)

Exodus 20:7
You shall not use or repeat the name of the Lord your God in vain [that is, lightly or frivolously, in false affirmations or profanely]; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.    (AMP)

Redeemed  -  (Kinsman-Redeemer)
ga'al  (OT:1350) - "to redeem, deliver, avenge, act as a kinsman."
This word group is used 90 times,  chiefly in the Pentateuch, Psalms, Isaiah, and Ruth.

1. The first occurrence of ga'al is in Genesis 48:16: "The angel which redeemed me [Jacob] from all evil..." (KJV), means as in the NIV, "delivered me from all harm."
2. Its basic use had to do with the deliverance of persons or property that had been sold for debt,  as in Leviticus 25:25:  "If one of your countrymen becomes poor and sells some of his property, his nearest relative is to come and redeem what his countryman has sold."
3. A poor man may sell himself to a fellow Israelite Leviticus 25:39 or to an alien living in Israel Leviticus 25:47. The responsibility "to redeem" belonged to the nearest relative-- brother, uncle, uncle's son, or a blood relative from his family.
4. The person (kinsman) who "redeemed" the one in financial difficulties was known as a kinsman-redeemer, as the NIV translates the word in Ruth 2:20 - "The LORD bless him!" Naomi said to her daughter-in-law. "He has not stopped showing his kindness to the living and the dead." She added, "That man is our close relative; he is one of our kinsman-redeemers."
5. In Deuteronomy 19:6 the redeemer is called the "avenger of blood" whose duty it was to execute the murderer of his relative.
The verb occurs in this sense 12 times and is translated "revenger" in KJV Numbers 35:19,21,24,27 or "avenger" Numbers 35:12; always so in NASB and NIV.
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words, Copyright (c)1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

In the Book of Isaiah, Yahweh is referred to 12 times as Israel's ga'al

1. Isaiah 41:14 I myself will help you," declares the LORD, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel.
2. Isaiah 43:14 This is what the LORD says — your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
3. Isaiah 44:6 This is what the LORD says — Israel's King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty:
4. Isaiah 44:24 This is what the LORD says — your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb:
5. Isaiah 47:4 Our Redeemer — the LORD Almighty is his name — is the Holy One of Israel.
6. Isaiah 48:17 This is what the LORD says — your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
7. Isaiah 49:7 This is what the LORD says — the Redeemer and Holy One of Israel
8. Isaiah 49:26 I, the LORD, am your Savior, your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
9. Isaiah 54:5 For your Maker is your husband — the LORD Almighty is his name — the Holy One of Israel is your Redeemer;
10. Isaiah 54:8 I will have compassion on you," says the LORD your Redeemer.
11. Isaiah 60:16 Then you will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior, your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.
12. Isaiah 63:16 You, O LORD, are our Father, our Redeemer

In the Book of Isaiah, the verb form of ga'al is used 10 times of Israel being Redeemed by Yahweh

1. Isaiah 43:1 Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine
2. Isaiah 44:22 Return to me, for I have redeemed you.
3. Isaiah 44:23 Sing for joy, O heavens, for the LORD has done this; shout aloud, O earth beneath. Burst into song, you mountains, you forests and all your trees, for the LORD has redeemed Jacob, he displays his glory in Israel.
4. Isaiah 48:20 The LORD has redeemed his servant Jacob.
5. Isaiah 51:11 The ransomed of the LORD will return.
(note: in this verse ga'al is translated ransomed)
6. Isaiah 52:3 For this is what the LORD says:   "You were sold for nothing, and without money you will be redeemed."
7. Isaiah 52:9 Burst into songs of joy together, you ruins of Jerusalem, for the LORD has comforted his people, he has redeemed Jerusalem.
8. Isaiah 62:12 They will be called the Holy People, the Redeemed of the LORD
9. Isaiah 63:4 For the day of vengeance is in My heart, and the year of My redeemed has come.
10. Isaiah 63:9 In his love and mercy he redeemed them;

Without money = not with silver. Cp. 1 Peter 1:18.

1 Peter 1:18, 19
(18)  You must know (recognize) that you were redeemed (ransomed) from the useless (fruitless) way of living inherited by tradition from [your] forefathers, not with corruptible things [such as] silver and gold,
(19)  But [you were purchased] with the precious blood of Christ (the Messiah)     (AMP)

Whether Jehovah would show Himself to Israel as the Righteous One or as the Gracious One, as a Judge or as a Redeemer,

He always acts as the Absolute One,  exalted above all earthly affairs, having no need to receive anything,  but able to give everything.
He receives no recompense,  and gives none.  Whether punishing or redeeming,  He always guards His people's honor,  proving Himself in the one case to be all-sufficient, and in the other almighty,  but acting in both cases freely from Himself.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

What have I here ... that My people are taken away?
In the train of thought in verses 4-6 the reason is given for the general statement in verse 3.

Egypt Israel went down to Egypt,  the country of the Nile valley,   with the innocent intention of sojourning,  i.e.,  living as a guest (guur) there in a foreign land;   and yet there it fell into the bondage of the Pharaohs.
Assyria Asshur then oppressed it  "for nothing" - without having acquired any right to it,  but rather serving in its unrighteousness simply as the blind instrument of the righteousness of Jehovah, who through the instrumentality of Asshur put an end first of all to the kingdom of Israel,  and then to the kingdom of Judah.
The two references to the Egyptian and Assyrian oppressions are expressed in as brief terms as possible.
But with the words  "now therefore"  the prophecy passes on in a much more copious strain to the present oppression in Babylon.
Babylon Jehovah is thought of as present with His people,  and means to inquire whether He shall continue this penal condition of exile any longer.  The question implies an intention to redeem Israel,  and the reason for this intention is introduced with kii (for). Israel is taken away (ablatus), viz., from its own native home, chinnâm, i.e., without the Chaldeans having any human claim upon them whatever.
In verse 6 there follows the closing sentence of the whole train of thought:
Therefore His people are to get to learn His name - the self-manifestation of its God,  who is so despised by the heathen;
Therefore (lâkheen) repeated with emphasis - in that day, the day of redemption it shall get to learn  that  "I am he who saith,  Here am I"  -  that He who has promised redemption is now present as the True and Omnipotent One to carry it into effect.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(3)  For thus says the Lord: You were sold for nothing; and you will be redeemed without money.   (4)   For thus says the Lord: (the Lord God MT) My people went down long ago into Egypt to sojourn there; the Assyrian, too, has oppressed them without cause.   (5)   Now therefore, what am I doing here, say the Lord, seeing that my people are taken away without cause? Those who rule over them are deluded, says the Lord, and continually, all the day long, my name is blasphemed.   (6)   Therefore my people will know my name; in that day they will know that it is I who speaks; here am I.

Isaiah 52:7
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(7)  How welcome on the mountain are the footsteps of the herald announcing happiness, heralding good fortune, announcing victory, telling Zion, “Your God is King!”

As a season of beauty upon the mountains, as the feet of one preaching glad tidings of peace, as one preaching good news: for I will publish thy salvation, saying, O Sion, thy God shall reign.

How beautiful upon the mountains of the land of Israel are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that announced peace, that brings tidings of good, that announced salvation, that saith to the congregation of Zion, The kingdom of thy God hath been revealed.

From the NKJV
(7)   How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good news, who proclaims peace, who brings glad tidings of good things, who proclaims salvation, who says to Zion,  "Your God reigns!"

The first two turns in the prophecy (vv. 1-2, 3-6) close here.  The third turn (vv. 7-10) exults at the salvation which is being carried into effect.  The prophet sees in spirit,  how the tidings of the redemption,  to which the fall of Babylon,  which is equivalent to the dismissing of the prisoners,  gives the finishing stroke,  are carried over the mountains of Judah to Jerusalem.

The feet - Figure of Speech Synecdoche (of Part),  for the whole person of the messenger,  that we may not think of him,  but of his coming as sent by Jehovah.

The words are addressed to Jerusalem, consequently the mountains are those of the Holy Land, and especially those to the north of Jerusalem.

Their feet look as if they had wings,  because they are the messengers of good tidings of joy.  The joyful tidings that are left indefinite in mebhasseer, are afterwards more particularly described as a proclamation of peace,  good,  salvation,  and also as containing the announcement  "Your God (Elohim) reigns,"  i.e., has risen to a right royal sway,  or seized upon the government (maalakª  (OT: 4427)  in an initial historical sense,  as in the theocratic psalms which commence with the same watchword,  or like ebasi'leuse (NT: 936) (reigns) in Rev 19:6, cf., 11:17).

This must also be applied to the preaching of the gospel,  which is a proclamation of peace and salvation;  it is gospel indeed,  good news,  glad tidings,  tidings of victory over our spiritual enemies and liberty from our spiritual bondage.  The good news is that the Lord Jesus reigns and all power is given to him.
(from Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: New Modern Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1991 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

Fully and antitypically, the Gospel (Luke 2:10-11), "beginning at Jerusalem," (Luke 24:47), "the city of the great King" (Matthew 5:35), where Messiah shall, at the final restoration of Israel, 'reign' as peculiarly Zion's God ("Your God reigns:" cf. Psalms 2:6).
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

The gospel of the swift-footed messengers is the gospel of the kingdom of God that is at hand; and the application which the apostle makes of this passage of Isaiah in Rom 10:15, is justified by the fact that the prophet saw the final and universal redemption as though in combination with the close of the captivity.

Romans 10:14-15
How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher?  And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written:   "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace,  who bring glad tidings of good things!"     (NKJV)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(7)  How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the one who brings news of peace, (who brings good news MT. LXX.) who announces good things, who announces salvation, who says to Zion, “Your God reigns!”

Note: In the moving poetry presented in Isa. 52:7-12, several differences are evident between 1Q1sa and the Masoretic Text.  For example,  the Masoretic Text ends verse 8 with  “the return of the Lord to Zion,” whereas 1Q1sa goes on to read “with compassion,”  thus reminding the reader that although God is a mighty king (cf. vs. 7),  he now comes in mercy.  Another difference is found at the end of verse 12,  where only 1Q1sa ends with  “He is called the God of all the earth,”  thus encouraging the exiles to leave Babylon with confidence,  since God’s presence and power are universal,  as was mentioned earlier in verse 10.

Isaiah 52:8
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(8)  Hark! Your watchmen raise their voices, as one they shout for joy; for every eye shall behold the Lord’s return to Zion.

For the voice of them that guard thee is exalted, and with the voice together they shall rejoice: for eyes shall look to eyes, when the Lord shall have mercy upon Sion.

The voice of thy rulers that lift up their voice, together do they sing praises: for with their eyes shall they see the mighty acts which the Lord will perform when he shall bring back his Shekinah to Zion.

From the NKJV
(8)  Your watchmen shall lift up their voices, with their voices they shall sing together; for they shall see eye to eye when the LORD brings back Zion.

How will the prophets rejoice, when they see bodily before them what they have already seen from afar!
The prophets are here called tsoophiimspies,  as persons who looked into the distance as if from a watch-tower.

The "watchmen" were set on towers separated by intervals, to give the earliest notice of the approach of any messenger with tidings.  The Hebrew is more forcible than the English version,

'The voice of thy watchmen!  They lift up their voice!  Together they sing!' (Hebrew, ranan, to sing with a strong voice).
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

It is assumed that the people of the captivity would still have prophets among them:  in fact,  the very first word in these prophecies (Isa 40:1) is addressed to them.  They who saw the redemption from afar,  and comforted the church therewith  (different from mebhasseer,  the evangelist of the fulfillment),  lift up their voice together with rejoicing;  for they see Jehovah bringing back Zion,  as closely as one man is to another when he looks directly into his eyes (Num 14:14).
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

Numbers 14:13-14
And Moses said to the LORD: "Then the Egyptians will hear it, for by Your might You brought these people up from among them,  and they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that You, LORD, are among these people; that You, LORD, are seen face to face and Your cloud stands above them, and You go before them in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night.     (NKJV)

See eye to eye = see face to face,  and will be face to face with the coming heralds of the King - with the King Himself.  This oft misapplied expression has nothing whatever to do with agreement in opinion.

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(8)  Listen, your watchmen lift up their voices, together they sing for joy; for in plain sight they will see the return of the Lord to Zion with compassion.

Isaiah 52:9
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(9)   Raise a shout together, O ruins of Jerusalem! For the Lord will comfort His people, will redeem Jerusalem.

Let the waste places of Jerusalem break forth in joy together, because the Lord has had mercy upon her, and has delivered Jerusalem.

Shout for joy, and sing praises together, ye waste places of Jerusalem: for the Lord is about to comfort his people; he hath delivered Jerusalem.

From the NKJV
(9)  Break forth into joy, sing together, you waste places of Jerusalem!  For the LORD has comforted His people, He has redeemed Jerusalem.

Zion is restored,  inasmuch as Jehovah turns away her misery,  brings back her exiles,  and causes the holy city to rise again from her ruins

Because the word of consolation has become an act of consolation, i.e., of redemption,  the ruins of Jerusalem are to break out into jubilant shouting as they rise again from the ground.
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

Jerusalem,  at the time here referred to,  was lying waste and in ruins.  This call on the waste places of Jerusalem to break out into expressions of praise,  is in accordance with a style which frequently occurs in Isaiah, and in other sacred writers, by which inanimate objects are called on to manifest their joy
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

The Lord has comforted ... has redeemed
This is seen by the prophet in vision, and to his view it is represented as if it were passing before his eyes.

Romans 4:17
...God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were.     (NIV)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(9)  Break forth together into singing, you ruins of Jerusalem; for the Lord has comforted his people, and he has redeemed Jerusalem.

Isaiah 52:10
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(10)  The Lord will bare His holy arm in the sight of all the nations, and the very ends of earth shall see the victory of our God.

And the Lord shall reveal his holy arm in the sight of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation that comes from our God.

The Lord hath revealed his holy arm in the sight of all the nations; and all they that are in the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.

From the NKJV
(10)  The LORD has made bare His holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God.

Jehovah has wrought out salvation through judgment in the sight of all the world.  As a warrior is accustomed to make bare his right arm up to the shoulder,  that he may fight without encumbrance,  so has Jehovah made bare His holy arm,  that arm in which holiness dwells,  which shines with holiness,  and which acts in holiness,  that arm which has been hitherto concealed and therefore has appeared to be powerless,  and that in the sight of the whole world of nations;  so that all the ends of the earth come to see the reality of the work,  which this arm has already accomplished by showing itself in its unveiled glory-in other words,  "the salvation of our God."
(From Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament: New Updated Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

All nations will see the salvation of God in that they will see the complete redemption of Israel and multitudes of the Gentiles.

Isaiah 11:9 Knowledge of salvation will be as universal as the waters covering the sea
Isaiah 11:6-9 The results of salvation will be evidenced by changes in the animal kingdom, all kinds of beasts living together without harm
Isaiah 35:1-10 Deserts blossoming as a rose
Isaiah 33:24;
Isaiah 35:1-10
Universal health
(Dake's Annotated Reverence Bible, Finis Jennings Dake, Dake Publishing, Lawrenceville, GA)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(10)  The Lord has bared his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth will see the salvation of our God.

Isaiah 52:11 & 12
From the Tanakh From the  LXX From the Targum

(11)  Turn, turn away, touch naught unclean as you depart from there; keep pure, as you go forth from there, you who bear the vessels of the Lord!

Depart ye, depart, go out from thence, and touch not the unclean thing; go ye out from the midst of her; separate yourselves, ye that bear the vessels of the Lord.

Separate yourselves, separate, go forth from thence, touch no unclean thing; go forth from the midst of her: approve yourselves, ye that bear the vessels of the sanctuary of the Lord.

(12)  For you will not depart in haste, nor will you leave in flight; for the Lord is marching before you, the God of Israel is your rear guard.

For ye shall not go forth with tumult, neither go by flight: for the Lord shall go first in advance of you; and the God of Israel shall be he that brings up your rear.

For not in haste shall ye go forth from among the nations, neither shall ye be carried in flight to your land; for the Lord leadeth before you, and the God of Israel is about to gather together your exiles.

From the NKJV
(11)  Depart! Depart! Go out from there, touch no unclean thing; go out from the midst of her, be clean, you who bear the vessels of the LORD.
(12)  For you shall not go out with haste, nor go by flight; for the LORD will go before you, and the God of Israel will be your rear guard.

Depart! Depart!  Figure of Speech Epizeuxis, or, Duplication.
The repetition of the same word in the same sense.

When they go out from Babylon,  they are not to touch anything unclean - they are not to enrich themselves with the property of their now subjugated oppressors,  as was the case at the exodus from Egypt (Ex 12:36). It is to be a holy procession,  at which they are to appear morally as well as corporeally unstained.
But those who bear the vessels of Jehovah - the vessels of the temple - are not only not to defile themselves,  but are to purify themselves.

Revelation 18:4
And I heard another voice from heaven saying, "Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues.     (NKJV)

2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1
Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers.  For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness?  And what communion has light with darkness?  And what accord has Christ with Belial?  Or what part has a believer with an unbeliever?  And what agreement has the temple of God with idols?  For you are the temple of the living God.  As God has said:

"I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God, and they shall be My people."
Therefore  "Come out from among them and be separate, says the Lord.  Do not touch what is unclean, and I will receive you.  I will be a Father to you, and you shall be My sons and daughters, says the LORD Almighty."
Therefore,  having these promises,  beloved,  let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit,  perfecting holiness in the fear of God.     (NKJV)

Who bear the vessels of the Lord
This is an indirect prophecy,  and was fulfilled in the fact that Cyrus directed the golden and silver vessels,  which Nebuchadnezzar had brought to Babylon,  to be restored to the returning exiles as their rightful property (Ezra 1:7-11).  It would thus be possible for them to put themselves into the right attitude for their departure,  since it would not take place in precipitous haste (bechippâzon),  as the departure from Egypt did (Deut 16:3, cf., Ex 12:39),  nor like a flight,  but they would go forth under the guidance of Jehovah.

The Lord will go before you ... and ... will be your rear guard
He not only goes before you to lead you, but also behind you, to protect you (as in Ex 14:19). For the me'asseeph,  or the rear-guard of an army,  is its keystone,  and has to preserve the compactness of the whole.

Exodus 14:19
And the Angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them.      (NKJV)

From The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible

(11)  Depart, depart, go out from there, touch no unclean thing; go out from the midst of her. Purify yourselves, you who carry the vessels of the Lord.   (12)   For you will not go out in haste, nor will you go in flight; for the Lord will go before you, and the God of Israel will be your rear guard.



LESSON  26  FROM  THE  AMPLIFIED  VERSION

Top
Previous Section

Isaiah 51:1 - 52:12  -  from the Amplified Version

51:1      HEARKEN TO Me, you who follow after rightness and justice, you who seek and inquire of [and require] the Lord [claiming Him by necessity and by right]: look to the rock from which you were hewn and to the hole in the quarry from which you were dug;
(2)    Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for I called him when he was but one, and I blessed him and made him many.
(3)    For the Lord will comfort Zion; He will comfort all her waste places. And He will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord. Joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song or instrument of praise.
(4)    Listen to Me [the Lord], O My people, and give ear to Me, O My nation; for a [divine] law will go forth from Me, and I will establish My justice for a light to the peoples.
(5)    My rightness and justice are near, My salvation is going forth, and My arms shall rule the peoples; the islands shall wait for and expect Me, and on My arm shall they trust and wait with hope.
(6)    Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath; for the heavens shall be dissolved and vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner [like gnats]. But My salvation shall be forever, and My rightness and justice [and faithfully fulfilled promise] shall not be abolished. [Matthew 24:35; Hebrews 1:11; 2 Peter 3:10.]
(7)    Listen to Me, you who know rightness and justice and right standing with God, the people in whose heart is My law and My instruction: fear not the reproach of men, neither be afraid nor dismayed at their revilings.
(8)    For [in comparison with the Lord they are so weak that things as insignificant as] the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool. But My rightness and justice [and faithfully fulfilled promise] shall be forever, and My salvation to all generations.
(9)    [Zion now cries to the Lord, the God of Israel] Awake, awake, put on strength and might, O arm of the Lord; awake, as in the ancient days, as in the generations of long ago. Was it not You Who cut Rahab [Egypt] in pieces, Who pierced the dragon [symbol of Egypt]? [Isaiah 30:7.]
(10)  Was it not You Who dried up the Red Sea, the waters of the great deep, Who made the depths of the sea a way for the redeemed to pass over? [Why then are we left so long in captivity?]
(11)  [The Lord God says] And the redeemed of the Lord shall return and come with singing to Zion; everlasting joy shall be upon their heads. They shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away. [Revelation 7:17; 21:1,4.]
(12)  I, even I, am He Who comforts you. Who are you, that you should be afraid of man, who shall die, and of a son of man, who shall be made [as destructible] as grass,
(13)  That you should forget the Lord your Maker, Who stretched forth the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth, and fear continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, when he makes ready to destroy or even though he did so? And where is the fury of the oppressor?
(14)  The captive exile and he who is bent down by chains shall speedily be released; and he shall not die and go down to the pit of destruction, nor shall his food fail.
(15)  For I am the Lord your God,  Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar and Who by rebuke restrains it — the Lord of hosts is His name.
(16)  And I have put My words in your mouth and have covered you with the shadow of My hand, that I may fix the [new] heavens as a tabernacle and lay the foundations of a [new] earth and say to Zion, You are My people. [Isaiah 65:17; 66:22; Revelation 21:1.]
(17)  Arouse yourself, awake! Stand up, O Jerusalem, you who have drunk at the hand of the Lord the cup of His wrath, you who have drunk the cup of staggering and intoxication to the dregs.
(18)  There is none to guide her among all the sons she has borne; neither is there anyone to take her by the hand among all the sons whom she has brought up.
(19)  Two kinds of calamities have befallen you — but who feels sorry for and commiserates you? — they are desolation and destruction [on the land and city], and famine and sword [on the inhabitants] — how shall I comfort you or by whom?
(20)  Your sons have fainted; they lie [like corpses] at the head of all the streets, like an antelope in a net; they are full [from drinking] of the wrath of the Lord, the rebuke of your God.
(21)  Therefore, now hear this, you who are afflicted, and [who are] drunk, but not with wine [but thrown down by the wrath of God].
(22)  Thus says your Lord, the Lord, and your God, Who pleads the cause of His people: Behold, I have taken from your hand the cup of staggering and intoxication; the cup of My wrath you shall drink no more.
(23)  And I will put it into the hands of your tormentors and oppressors, those who said to you, Bow down, that we may ride or tread over you; and you have made your back like the ground and like the street for them to pass over.

52:1        AWAKE, AWAKE, put on your strength, O Zion; put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for henceforth there shall no more come into you the uncircumcised and the unclean. [Revelation 21:27.]
(2)    Shake yourself from the dust; arise, sit [erect in a dignified place], O Jerusalem; loose yourself from the bonds of your neck, O captive Daughter of Zion.
(3)    For thus says the Lord: You were sold for nothing, and you shall be redeemed without money.
(4)    For thus says the Lord God: My people went down at the first into Egypt to sojourn there; and [many years later Sennacherib] the Assyrian oppressed them for nothing. [Now I delivered you from both Egypt and Assyria; what then can prevent Me from delivering you from Babylon?]
(5 )   But now what have I here, says the Lord, seeing that My people have been taken away for nothing? Those who rule over them howl [with joy], says the Lord, and My name continually is blasphemed all day long. [Romans 2:24.]
(6)    Therefore My people shall know what My name is and what it means; therefore they shall know in that day that I am He who speaks; behold, I AM! [Exodus 3:13,14.]
(7)    How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him who brings good tidings, who publishes peace, who brings good tidings of good, who publishes salvation, who says to Zion, Your God reigns! [Acts 10:36; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 6:14-16.]
(8)    Hark, your watchmen lift up their voices; together they sing for joy; for they shall see eye to eye the return of the Lord to Zion.
(9)    Break forth joyously, sing together, you waste places of Jerusalem, for the Lord has comforted His people, He has redeemed Jerusalem!
(10)  The Lord has made bare His holy arm before the eyes of all the nations [revealing Himself as the One by Whose direction the redemption of Israel from captivity is accomplished], and all the ends of the earth shall witness the salvation of our God. [Luke 2:29-32; 3:6.]
(11)  Depart, depart, go out from there [the lands of exile]! Touch no unclean thing! Go out of the midst of her [Babylon]; cleanse yourselves and be clean, you who bear the vessels of the Lord [on your journey from there]. [2 Corinthians 6:16,17.]
(12)  For you will not go out with haste, nor will you go in flight [as was necessary when Israel left Egypt]; for the Lord will go before you, and the God of Israel will be your rear guard.

 

(End of  Lesson 26)


  

Bibliography

 


lakesmall.gif (2457 bytes)

Home

First
Covenant

Second
Covenant
Topical
Studies

Table of Contents