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Life Of Christ
A Harmony of the Gospels

Appendix III

Jesus said:  "I have come in My Father's name"
John 5:43
 

The Divine Names and Titles

ELOHIM

The first occurrence connects it with creation, and gives it its essential meaning as the Creator.
Genesis 1:1:  "In the beginning Elohim created the heavens and the earth."

JEHOVAH - YHWH

While Elohim is God as the Creator of all things, Jehovah is the same God in covenant relation to those whom He has created.

The personal name of  God  is written in the Hebrew Bible with the four consonants YHWH and is referred to as the "Tetragrammation."  When Christian scholars of  Europe first began to study Hebrew,  they did not understand what this really meant, and they introduced the hybrid name  "Yahweh"   or  "JEHOVAH."

Jehovah means the Eternal, the Immutable One.  He who WAS, and IS, and IS TO COME.

The divine definition is given in Genesis 21:33:  "Then Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there called on the name of  the YHWH, the Everlasting God."

THE  JEHOVAH  TITLES

The name Jehovah is combined with eleven other words, which form what are known as "the Jehovah Titles."

1. Jehovah-Jireh Jehovah Provider Genesis 22:14
2. Jehovah-Ropheka Jehovah Healer Exodus 15:26
3. Jehovah-Nissi Jehovah my Banner Exodus 17:15
4. Jehovah-Mekaddishkem Jehovah Sanctifier Exodus 31:13
5. Jehovah-Shalom Jehovah Peace Judges 6:24
6. Jehovah-Zebaoth Jehovah of  Hosts 1 Samuel 1:3
7. Jehovah-Zidkenu Jehovah our Righteousness Jeremiah 23:6
8. Jehovah-Shammah Jehovah Is There Ezekiel 48:35
9. Jehovah-Elyon Jehovah Most High Psalm 7:17
10. Jehovah-Roi Jehovah my Shepherd Psalm 23:1
11. Jehovah-Borakaa Jehovah Who Created You Isaiah 43:1
12. Jehovah-Yeshuw`ah Jehovah my Savior Exodus 15:2

EL

Essentially  the Almighty,  though the word is never so rendered.
El is Elohim in all His strength and power.  It is rendered "God" as Elohim is, but El is God the Omnipotent.

El is the God who knows all and sees all, and that performeth all things for His people.

ELOAH - ELOHIM

He Who is to be worshipped.  Emphasis with His  Will  rather than His power.

The first occurrence associates this name with worship.  Hence it is the title used whenever the contrast is with false gods  or idols.  Eloah is essentially  "the living God"  in contrast to inanimate idols.

ELYON

First occurs in Genesis 14:18 with El, and is rendered  "the most high."

It is Elyon as possessor of the  earth, Who divides the nations "their inheritance."
He is  "over all the earth."
He is the dispenser of  God's blessings in the earth; the blessings proceeding from a Priest Who is a King upon His throne.

SHADDAI

This is God (El), not as the source of strength, but of  Grace.
Shaddai is the All-bountiful.

This title does not refer to His creative power, but to His power to supply all the needs of His people.
It's first occurrence is in Genesis 17:1 and is used to show Abraham that He who called him out to walk alone before Him could supply all his need.

It is always used in connection with El.

ADON - ADONAI - ADONIM

They all denote Sovereign headship in various aspects.  They have to do with God as "over-lord."

ADON The Lord as Ruler The Lord as Ruler  in the earth.
ADONAI The Lord as Owner The Lord in His relation to the earth.
As carrying out His purposes of blessing.  In this, it is almost equivalent to Jehovah.  Indeed, it was from an early date so used, by associating the vowel points of the word Jehovah with Adon, thus converting Adon into Adonai.
ADONIM The Lord as Blesser The plural of Adon, and never used of man.
Adonim carries with it all that Adon does, but in a greater and higher degree; and more especially as Owner and Proprietor.
An Adon may rule others who do not belong to him, hence, without the article, it is often used of men.
But Adonim is the Lord Who rules His own.
It is  never used of men.

 

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From The Companion Bible
and Genesis Lesson One

 

Bibliography