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LIFE OF CHRIST
A Harmony of the Gospels

LESSON  SEVENTEEN

   

THE  VISIT  TO  MARY  AND  MARTHA

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Luke 10:38-42
(38)  Now it happened as they went that He entered a certain village; and a certain woman named Martha welcomed Him into her house.  (39)  And she had a sister called Mary, who also sat at Jesus' feet and heard His word.  (40)  But Martha was distracted with much serving, and she approached Him and said, "Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to serve alone? Therefore tell her to help me."
(41)  And Jesus answered and said to her, "Martha, Martha, you are worried and troubled about many things.  (42)  But one thing is needed, and Mary has chosen that good part, which will not be taken away from her."
NKJV

A certain village

This would be Bethany (John 11: 18),  the home of Mary ,  Martha and Lazarus.
Bethany was situated about 2 miles southeast of  Jerusalem on the eastern slope of Mount Olivet.
Some refer to this as the Judean home of Jesus.

Martha welcomed Him into her house

1. "Welcomed Him" Literally  "kindly received, in a friendly and hospitable manner."
2.. "Into her house" Martha is marked as the head of the household.
It was HER house,  and she appears throughout to be the elder sister.
She is supposed by some to have been a widow,  with whom her brother Lazarus and sister Mary lodged.

Sat at Jesus' feet

From the custom of sitting  "beneath"  an instructor,  the phrase  "sitting at one's feet"  came to mean being a disciple of anyone.  It is in this sense that Paul says he was  "brought up at the feet of Gamaliel."  It was more a posture of learning  than of worship.

Distracted with much serving

1. She was harassed with different cares and employments at the same time;
one drawing one way,  and another drawing another way.
2. A word must be said in her favor: we should not, on the merest supposition, attribute earthly-mindedness to a woman whose character stands unimpeachable in the Gospel;  and who,  by entertaining Jesus and His disciples,  and providing liberally for them gave the highest proof that she was influenced by liberality and benevolence,  and not by parsimony or covetousness.
And don't forget - these 13 hungry men had been walking all day.  Not only did they need to be fed, but cleaned up as well.
3. Her problem was not the  "serving",  but the "much" - she carried it to the extreme.
Had she taken time to  "sit at His feet"  she would have learned that  "man does not live by bread alone."

Worried and troubled about many things

1. WORRIED The inward worrying anxiety about the preparations
2. TROUBLED The outward  "hustle and bustle"  of those preparations
3. MANY THINGS Too elaborate preparation,  which so engrossed her attention that she missed her Lord's teaching.
We can be so taken up with the PROGRAM FOR THE LORD
that we don't have time for the LORD OF THE PROGRAM!

That good part ... shall not be taken away

Martha's choice would be taken from her,  for her services would die with her.
Mary's choice was  "good"  or  "better"  because it was spiritual and eternal,  and would never be taken away.

HEALING  THE  MAN  BORN  BLIND

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John 9:1-41
(9)  Now as Jesus passed by, He saw a man who was blind from birth.  (2)  And His disciples asked Him, saying, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?"
(3)   Jesus answered, "Neither this man nor his parents sinned, but that the works of God should be revealed in him.  (4)  I must work the works of Him who sent Me while it is day; the night is coming when no one can work.  (5)  As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world."
(6)  When He had said these things, He spat on the ground and made clay with the saliva; and He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay.  (7)  And He said to him, "Go, wash in the pool of Siloam" (which is translated, Sent). So he went and washed, and came back seeing.
(8)  Therefore the neighbors and those who previously had seen that he was blind said, "Is not this he who sat and begged?"
(9)  Some said, "This is he." Others said, "He is like him."  He said, "I am he."
(10)  Therefore they said to him, "How were your eyes opened?"
(11)  He answered and said, "A Man called Jesus made clay and anointed my eyes and said to me, 'Go to the pool of Siloam and wash.' So I went and washed, and I received sight."
(12)  Then they said to him, "Where is He?"  He said, "I do not know."
(13)  They brought him who formerly was blind to the Pharisees.  (14)  Now it was a Sabbath when Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes.  (15)  Then the Pharisees also asked him again how he had received his sight. He said to them, "He put clay on my eyes, and I washed, and I see."
(16)  Therefore some of the Pharisees said, "This Man is not from God, because He does not keep the Sabbath."  Others said, "How can a man who is a sinner do such signs?" And there was a division among them.
(17)  They said to the blind man again, "What do you say about Him because He opened your eyes?"  He said, "He is a prophet."
(18)  But the Jews did not believe concerning him, that he had been blind and received his sight, until they called the parents of him who had received his sight.  (19)  And they asked them, saying, "Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How then does he now see?" 
(20)  His parents answered them and said, "We know that this is our son, and that he was born blind;  (21)  but by what means he now sees we do not know, or who opened his eyes we do not know. He is of age; ask him. He will speak for himself."  (22)  His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had agreed already that if anyone confessed that He was Christ, he would be put out of the synagogue.  (23)  Therefore his parents said, "He is of age; ask him."
(24)  So they again called the man who was blind, and said to him, "Give God the glory! We know that this Man is a sinner."
(25)  He answered and said, "Whether He is a sinner or not I do not know. one thing I know: that though I was blind, now I see."
(26)  Then they said to him again, "What did He do to you? How did He open your eyes?"
(27)  He answered them, "I told you already, and you did not listen. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also want to become His disciples?"
(28)  Then they reviled him and said, "You are His disciple, but we are Moses' disciples.  (29)  We know that God spoke to Moses; as for this fellow, we do not know where He is from."
(30)  The man answered and said to them, "Why, this is a marvelous thing, that you do not know where He is from; yet He has opened my eyes!  (31)  Now we know that God does not hear sinners; but if anyone is a worshiper of God and does His will, He hears him.  (32)  Since the world began it has been unheard of that anyone opened the eyes of one who was born blind.  (33)  If this Man were not from God, He could do nothing."
(34)  They answered and said to him, "You were completely born in sins, and are you teaching us?" And they cast him out.
(35)  Jesus heard that they had cast him out; and when He had found him, He said to him, "Do you believe in the Son of God?"
(36)  He answered and said, "Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?"
(37)  And Jesus said to him, "You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you."
(38)  Then he said, "Lord, I believe!
" And he worshiped Him.
(39)  And Jesus said, "For judgment I have come into this world, that those who do not see may see, and that those who see may be made blind."
(40)  Then some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, "Are we blind also?"
(41)  Jesus said to them, "If you were blind, you would have no sin; but now you say, 'We see.' Therefore your sin remains."
NKJV

Who sinned, this man or his parents?

1. Most of the Asiatic nations in those days believed in the doctrine of transmigration - suffering in the present life for sins committed in a past life. However,  it is not clear whether or not the Jews held to this theory as such,  but there is evidence that some of the rabbins believed that it was possible for an infant to sin in the womb,  and to be punished with some bodily infirmity in consequence.
2. It was common Jewish view that the merits or demerits of the parents would appear in the children (This could possibly be from their interpretation of  Exodus 20:5;  34:7;  and Numbers 14:18),  and that the thoughts of a mother might affect the moral state of her unborn offspring.  The apostasy of one of the greatest Rabbis had,  in popular belief,  been caused by the sinful delight of his mother in passing through an idol grave.
3. The Jews also thought that marks on the body were proofs of sin in the soul  (probably because of Cain's experience).

I must work the works of Him that sent me while it is day

A most interesting statement from Christ,  intimating:

1. That He had a precise work to do upon earth.
2. That all He did were the  "works of God."
3. That each work had its precise time and place.
4. His period for work had definite termination,  so by letting anyone service pass by its allotted time,  the whole would be disarranged,  marred,  and driven beyond its destined period for completion.
5. That He acted ever under the impulse of these considerations,  as man - "the night is coming when no man can work."

The Pool of Siloam

1. A reservoir located within the city walls of  Jerusalem at the south end of the Tyropean Valley , and on the east of the city between Jerusalem and the brook Kidron.
2. According to Dr. Thomson,  it is a parallelogram about  53  feet long and 18 feet wide,  and in its perfect condition must have been nearly  20 feet deep.  It is thus the smallest of all the Jerusalem pools.
3. The water flows into it through a subterraneous conduit  (engineered by King Hezekiah, 11 Chron.
32:30)  from the Fountain of the Virgin,  and the waters are marked by an ebb and flow.
Dr. Robinson witnessed arise and fall of one foot in ten minutes.
4. The two pools of  Siloam were probably for the irrigation of the gardens below,  and seem always to have been a favorite place for washing purposes;  and a stream from it supplied the pool of Bethesda.

Siloam, which is translated Sent

The Hebrew word means  "outflow,"  probably with reference to the fact that the temple-mount  "sends forth"  its spring-waters.
There is a typical significance in the fact of the Lord's working through the pool of this name:

1. From this pool was drawn the water for pouring upon the altar during the Feast of  Tabernacles.
2. It was associated with the  "wells of salvation"  of Isaiah 12:3,  of which the people sang during the Feast of  Tabernacles.
3. The pouring out of the water from this pool symbolized the effusion of spiritual blessing in the day of the Messiah.
4. As was previously mentioned,  the spring discharged itself by a double stream into a twofold pool:
The upper was called "Shiloach," signifying "sent."
The lower was called "shelach," signifying "fleeces."
5. It is significant that Jesus marked this point so particularly,  to inform the blind man that it was not to Shelach,  but to Shiloach,  that he must go to wash his eyes.
6. Isaiah mentioned this pool again in 8:6 "Inasmuch as these people refused the waters of Shiloah that flow softly."
Thus,  throughout the whole narrative,  all attention is concentrated on Jesus Himself,  who is the Light of the world,  who was  "sent of God"  to open blind eyes.

Jesus made clay ... I went ... and washed

1. Jesus made clay and anointed his eyes:
Hebrews 12:2 Jesus the AUTHOR AND FINISHER of faith
Hebrews 5:9 He became the AUTHOR of eternal salvation
2. The blind man,  in obedience to Jesus,  went and washed:
Hebrews 5:9 Unto all them that obey Him
Jesus almost always required an act of  faith and obedience.

It was a Sabbath when Jesus made the clay

In this there was,  according to the religious leaders,  an additional twofold offense of the Sabbath  (aside from healing the sick with which they had already accused Him of breaking the Sabbath):

1. The making of the clay itself was classified as work,  and was,  therefore an offense.
2. Some of the ancient rabbins taught that the saliva is a cure for several disorders of the eyes,  but it was contrary to the law,  if applied on the Sabbath.

One could take a beast out of the ditch,  but could not save a person from Death,  Hell, and the Grave.

He should be put out of the Synagogue  - First Law Against Christians

Three kinds of excommunication were recognized,  of which only the third was the real cutting off,  the other two
being disciplinary:

THE FIRST Lightest,  was called  "rebuke"
Lasted from 7 to 30 days
THE SECOND Was called  "thrusting out"
Lasted for 30 days at least,
followed by a "second admonition," which lasted for thirty days more.
This could only be pronounced in an assembly of ten.
It was accompanied by curses, and sometimes proclaimed with the blast of the horn.
The excommunicated person would not be admitted into any assembly often men,  nor to public prayer.
People would keep at the distance of  four cubits from him,  as if he were a leper.
Stones were to be cast on his coffin when dead, and mourning for him was forbidden
THE THIRD Or  real excommunication,  was enforced when all else failed.
The duration was indefinite.
The man was to be as one dead.
No personal relationship was to be held with him.
One must not show him the road,  and though he might buy the necessaries of life,  it was forbidden to eat and drink with him.

They cast him out

Either they excommunicated him without the formal meeting that was normally required,  or they ran him out on impulse,  and held a later official excommunication.

Jesus ... found him

Isaiah 66: 5
Your brethren who hated you,
Who cast you out for My name's sake, said,
'Let the LORD be glorified,
That we may see your joy.'
But they shall be ashamed."       (NKJV)

This man provides several very special lessons from his experience:

v 7 His  OBEDIENCE "He went and washed"
v 11 His  SIMPLICITY "A man called Jesus"
v 27 His  COURAGE "Do you also want to become His disciples?"
v 30 His  CONSTANCY "Yet He has opened my eyes!"
v 38 His  GRATITUDE "And He worshipped Him"

JESUS  AT  THE  FEAST  OF  DEDICATION

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John 10:22-42
(22)  Now it was the Feast of Dedication in Jerusalem, and it was winter.  (23)  And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon's porch.  (24)  Then the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, "How long do You keep us in doubt?  If You are the Christ, tell us plainly."
(25)  Jesus answered them, "I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in My Father's name, they bear witness of Me.  (26)  But you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep, as I said to you.  (27)  My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.  (28)  And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.  (29)  My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of My Father's hand.  (30)  I and My Father are one."
(31)  Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him.  (32)  Jesus answered them, "Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?"
(33)  The Jews answered Him, saying, "For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God."
(34)  Jesus answered them,  "Is it not written in your law, 'I said, "You are gods"'?   (35)  If He called them gods, to whom the word of God came (and the Scripture cannot be broken),  (36)  do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, 'You are blaspheming,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God'?  (37)  If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me;  (38)  but if I do, though you do not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me, and I in Him."  (39)  Therefore they sought again to seize Him, but He escaped out of their hand.
(40)  And He went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was baptizing at first, and there He stayed.  (41)  Then many came to Him and said, "John performed no sign, but all the things that John spoke about this Man were true."  (42)  And many believed in Him there.
NKJV

The Feast of Dedication  -  (About 4 months before Crucifixion)

Judas Maccabees instituted the Feast of Dedication,  in commemoration of  his purifying the temple (164 B.C.).

When Antiochus had heard in 167 B.C. that the Jews had made great rejoicings,  on account of a report that had been spread of his death, he hastened out of Egypt to Jerusalem,  took the city by storm,  and slew of the inhabitants in three days 40,000 people;  and 40,000 more he sold for slaves to the neighboring nations.

Not content with this,  he sacrificed a great sow on the altar of  burnt offerings;  and,  broth being made by his command of some of the flesh;  he sprinkled it allover the temple,  that he might defile it to the uttermost.  After this,  the whole of the temple service seems to have been suspended for 3 years,  great dilapidations having taken place also in various parts of the buildings.

The feast began on the 25th of Kisleu (December 18),  and continued for eight days.
Today we call it Hanukkah.
As Judas Maccabees not only restored the temple service,  and cleansed it from pollution,  but also repaired the ruins of it,  the feast was called the  "renovation."
The special mention of the time appears to be made in order to connect the subject of the Lord's teaching with the hopes associated with the last national deliverance.  The Hymn which is at present used in Jewish
Synagogues at the Festival records the successive deliverances of Israel,  and contains a prayer for yet another.
Jesus in fact perfectly accomplished what the Maccabees wrought in a figure,  and dedicated anew and abiding temple.
The Feast of Dedication was known as  "the Feast of Lights,"  and the title  "Light of the World"  chosen by Jesus in  John 9:5 may refer to their custom of kindling the lights,  no less than to the ceremonies of the Feast of Tabernacles.
After the Maccabees had restored the temple,  what most lived in the recollection of the time was that the perpetual light blazed again.
The golden candlestick was no longer to be had.
In its place was an iron chandelier,  cased in wood.  According to tradition,  the oil was found to have been desecrated,  and only one flagon of pure oil,  sealed with the High-Priest's signet,  was found,  sufficient to feed the candlestick for a single day.  But by a miracle the flagon was replenished during eight days,  until a fresh supply could be procured.
Thus the festival lasted for eight days.
Lights were kindled,  not only in the temple,  but in every home.  Pious householders lighted a lamp for every inmate of the home,  and the most zealous added a light every night for every individual,  so that if a house with ten inmates began with ten lights,  it would end with eighty.
No fast or mourning,  on account of any calamity or bereavement,  was permitted to commence during the festival.

Solomon's Porch

A covered colonnade on the eastern side of the outer court of the temple.
According to Josephus it was a relic of  Solomon's Temple (over 800 Ft. long),  which remained intact in the destruction of  the Public Promenades by Nebuchadnezzar.

My sheep hear my voice ... and they follow Me

1. The shepherds give names to their sheep.  Every sheep recognizes his own name,  and comes when called.
2. Travelers have noticed the wonderful readiness with which the sheep or a large flock will recognize the shepherd's voice.  Though several flocks are mingled they speedily separate at the command of the shepherd,  while the word of a stranger would have no effect on them.
Porter thus describes a scene he witnessed among the hills of Bashan:
"The shepherds led their flocks forth from the gates of the city . They were in full view,  and we watched them and listened to them with no little interest.  Thousands of sheep and goats where there,  grouped in dense,  confused masses.  The shepherds stood together until all came out. Then they separated,  each shepherd taking a different path,  and uttering as he advanced a shrill,  peculiar call.  The sheep heard them.  At first the masses swayed and moved as if shaken by some internal convulsion;  then points struck out in the direction taken by the shepherds;  these became longer and longer until the confused masses were resolved into long,  living streams,  flowing after their leaders." 

I and my Father are one

Jesus has just said:  "neither shall any man pluck them out of   MY  hand"
And:  "No man is able to pluck them out of  MY FATHER'S  hand"
 
Now He says: I and My Father are ONE
     
"Are" is in the masculine gender in the Greek -  "We two,  I and the Father"
"One" is in the neuter gender in the Greek -  "one thing"   "one entity"

1 Timothy 3:16
And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness:
God was manifested in the flesh,
Justified in the Spirit,
Seen by angels,
Preached among the Gentiles,
Believed on in the world,
Received up in glory.        (NKJV)

Took up stones again to stone Him

This is the third time that the Jews resorted to actual physical force (unsuccessfully).
The other two places are  Luke 4:29 & John 8:59.

You ... make yourself God

They had it backwards!
He,  being God,  made Himself  man!

He called them gods

The judges were called gods,  as being representatives of God  (Ex. 21 :6).
That judges are meant appears from Psalm 82:2,  and also from what follows here.

Sanctified

The word used here is hagiazo -  "consecrated."  The fundamental idea of the word is  "separation"  and  "consecration"  to the service of Deity.

The Father is in Me, and I in Him

It must be remarked,  by every serious reader,  that Jesus did frequently speak of Himself to the Jews,  as being
not only  "sent of God"  as their Messiah,  but as being  "one with God."

And it is as evident that in this sense the priests and Pharisees understood Him;  and it was because they would not credit this that they accused Him of blasphemy.
Now,  if Jesus was not the Person they understood Him to state Himself to be,  He had the fairest opportunity,  from their strong remonstrance's,  to correct their misapprehension of His words,  if they really had mistaken His meaning.
He rather strengthens His assertions in His consequent discourses with them;  which,  had not His positions been true,  He could not have done even as an honest man.
He not only asserted Himself to be equal with God,  but also wished them to believe it to be true;  and He amply confirmed this by the miracles He wrought.

Luke 12:1-59
(1)   In the meantime, when an innumerable multitude of people had gathered together, so that they trampled one another, He began to say to His disciples first of all, "Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.   (2)  For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, nor hidden that will not be known.  (3)  Therefore whatever you have spoken in the dark will be heard in the light, and what you have spoken in the ear in inner rooms will be proclaimed on the housetops.
(4)   "And I say to you, My friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.  (5)  But I will show you whom you should fear: Fear Him who, after He has killed, has power to cast into hell; yes, I say to you, fear Him!
(6)   "Are not five sparrows sold for two copper coins? And not one of them is forgotten before God.  (7)  But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Do not fear therefore; you are of more value than many sparrows.
(8)   "Also I say to you, whoever confesses Me before men, him the Son of Man also will confess before the angels of God.  (9)  But he who denies Me before men will be denied before the angels of God.
(10)  "And anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but to him who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven.
(11)  "Now when they bring you to the synagogues and magistrates and authorities, do not worry about how or what you should answer, or what you should say.  (12)  For the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say
."
(13)  Then one from the crowd said to Him, "Teacher, tell my brother to divide the inheritance with me."
(14)  But He said to him, "Man, who made Me a judge or an arbitrator over you?"  (15)  And He said to them, "Take heed and beware of covetousness, for one's life does not consist in the abundance of the things he possesses."
(16)  Then He spoke a parable to them, saying: "The ground of a certain rich man yielded plentifully.  (17)  And he thought within himself, saying, 'What shall I do, since I have no room to store my crops?'  (18)  So he said, 'I will do this: I will pull down my barns and build greater, and there I will store all my crops and my goods.  (19)  And I will say to my soul, "Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years; take your ease; eat, drink, and be merry."'  (20)  But God said to him, 'Fool! This night your soul will be required of you; then whose will those things be which you have provided?'
(21)  "So is he who lays up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward God.
"
(22)  Then He said to His disciples, "Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat; nor about the body, what you will put on.  (23)  Life is more than food, and the body is more than clothing.  (24)  Consider the ravens, for they neither sow nor reap, which have neither storehouse nor barn; and God feeds them. Of how much more value are you than the birds?  (25)  And which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature?  (26)  If you then are not able to do the least, why are you anxious for the rest?  (27)  Consider the lilies, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; and yet I say to you, even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these.   (28)  If then God so clothes the grass, which today is in the field and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, how much more will He clothe you, O you of little faith?
(29)  "And do not seek what you should eat or what you should drink, nor have an anxious mind.  (30)  For all these things the nations of the world seek after, and your Father knows that you need these things.  (31)  But seek the kingdom of God, and all these things shall be added to you.
(32)  "Do not fear, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.  (33)  Sell what you have and give alms; provide yourselves money bags which do not grow old, a treasure in the heavens that does not fail, where no thief approaches nor moth destroys.  (34)  For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.
(35)  "Let your waist be girded and your lamps burning;  (36)  and you yourselves be like men who wait for their master, when he will return from the wedding, that when he comes and knocks they may open to him immediately.  (37)  Blessed are those servants whom the master, when he comes, will find watching. Assuredly, I say to you that he will gird himself and have them sit down to eat, and will come and serve them.  (38)  And if he should come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, and find them so, blessed are those servants.  (39)  But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and not allowed his house to be broken into.  (40)  Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.
"
(41)  Then Peter said to Him, "Lord, do You speak this parable only to us, or to all people?"
(42)  And the Lord said, "Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his master will make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of food in due season?  (43)  Blessed is that servant whom his master will find so doing when he comes.   (44)  Truly, I say to you that he will make him ruler over all that he has.  (45)  But if that servant says in his heart, 'My master is delaying his coming,' and begins to beat the male and female servants, and to eat and drink and be drunk,  (46)  the master of that servant will come on a day when he is not looking for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in two and appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.  (47)  And that servant who knew his master's will, and did not prepare himself or do according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.  (48)  But he who did not know, yet committed things deserving of stripes, shall be beaten with few. For everyone to whom much is given, from him much will be required; and to whom much has been committed, of him they will ask the more.
(49)  "I came to send fire on the earth, and how I wish it were already kindled!  (50)  But I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how distressed I am till it is accomplished!  (51)  Do you suppose that I came to give peace on earth? I tell you, not at all, but rather division.  (52)  For from now on five in one house will be divided: three against two, and two against three.  (53)  Father will be divided against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.
"
(54)  Then He also said to the multitudes, "Whenever you see a cloud rising out of the west, immediately you say, 'A shower is coming'; and so it is.  (55)  And when you see the south wind blow, you say, 'There will be hot weather'; and there is.  (56)  Hypocrites! You can discern the face of the sky and of the earth, but how is it you do not discern this time?
(57)  "Yes, and why, even of yourselves, do you not judge what is right?  (58)  When you go with your adversary to the magistrate, make every effort along the way to settle with him, lest he drag you to the judge, the judge deliver you to the officer, and the officer throw you into prison.  (59)  I tell you, you shall not depart from there till you have paid the very last mite.
"
NKJV

40 Lessons from this dialogue

1. (v 1) Beware of hypocrisy
2. (v 2-3) All secrets will be exposed
3. (v 4-5) Fear God, not man
4. (v 7) God's providence is over all
4. (v 8-9) Confess Christ openly
6. (v 10) Honor the Holy Spirit
7. (v 12) Rely on the Holy Spirit
8. (v 13-14) Refuse to be a busybody
9. (v 15) Beware of covetousness
10 (v 15) Life is more than possessions
11. (v 20) There is no security in possessions
12. (v 15-21) Do not seek riches
13. (v 15-21) Do not trust in riches
14. (v 18-20) Life is uncertain
15. (v 20) Death is certain
16. (v 18-21) Human plans for long life are foolish without God  (Psalms 91 )
17. (v 20-21) All must give account to God
18. (v 20) Use riches wisely while we control them
19. (v 18-21) Make more provision for the soul than for the body
20. (v 18-20) Never seek riches at the expense of  the soul's welfare
21. (v 16-21) Do not waste life to get rich  -  Put important things first
22. (v 21,33-34) Laying up treasure only on earth will damn the soul
23. (v 22-30) Never worry about necessities of life   (Matthew 6:25-34)
24. (v 23) Life is more than food
25. (v 23) The body is more than clothing
26. (v 24) Man is better than fowls
27. (v 22,25-26) Worry is sinful
28. (v 27-28) God cares for man more than fine lilies
29. (v 28-29) Live free from doubt
30. (v 29-31) Seek God first and all other things will be added
31. (v 29-31) God knows all our needs
32. (v 32) Do  not fear the future
33. (v 32) God's pleasure is to give His kingdom to His children
34. (v 33-34) Treasures in heaven are the only lasting ones
35. (v 35-38) Be Watchful servants in view of Christ's coming
36. (v 39-40) Be Ready for His coming
37. (v 41-48) Be Faithful servants in view of His coming
38. (v 49-53) Be reconciled to opposition from your best friends
39. (v 54-57) Know the times
40. (v 58-59) Live in peace with all men
THE  GALILEANS  SLAIN  BY  PILATE

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Luke 13:1-9
(1)  There were present at that season some who told Him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.  (2)  And Jesus answered and said to them, "Do you suppose that these Galileans were worse sinners than all other Galileans, because they suffered such things?  (3)  I tell you, no; but unless you repent you will all likewise perish.  (4)  Or those eighteen on whom the tower in Siloam fell and killed them, do you think that they were worse sinners than all other men who dwelt in Jerusalem?  (5)  I tell you, no; but unless you repent you will all likewise perish."
(6)  He also spoke this parable: "A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none.  (7)  Then he said to the keeper of his vineyard, 'Look, for three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none. Cut it down; why does it use up the ground?'  (8)  But he answered and said to him, 'Sir, let it alone this year also, until I dig around it and fertilize it.  (9)  And if it bears fruit, well. But if not, after that you can cut it down.'"
NKJV

The Galileans

It is not recorded exactly who these people were,  or the circumstances surrounding the incident.
Josephus states that the Galileans were the most seditious people in the land:  they belonged properly to Herod' s jurisdiction;  but,  as they kept the great feasts at Jerusalem,  they probably,  by their tumultuous behavior at some one of them,  gave Pilate a pretext to fall upon and slay many of them.

Possibly these were the followers of  Judas of Galilee,  who,  some 20 years before this,  taught that Jews should not pay tribute to the Romans,  and of whom we learn,  from Acts 5:37,  that he drew after him a multitude of followers,  who on his being slain were all dispersed.  About this time that party would be at its height,  and if Pilate caused this detachment of them to be waylaid and put to death as they were offering their sacrifices at one of the festivals,  that would be  "mingling their blood with their sacrifices."

While this may have been a cruel action on the part of  Pilate and is used by some in building a case against him,  it might not have been.  In commenting on the episode,  Jesus did not fault Pilate,  and,  by the context of the Siloam tower collapse,  the implication is probable that this also may have been an accident involving the innocent.

The tower in Saloam

Possibly one of the towers of  the city wall,  near the pool of  Siloam.
Possibly a tower built over one of the porticoes near the pool.
Of its fall nothing is known.

The practical lesson

1. REPENT OR PARISH Illustrated by the two recent incidents
2. BEAR FRUIT OR PARISH Illustrated by the parable of the barren fig tree
THE  WOMAN  HEALED  ON  THE  SABBATH

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Luke 13:10-21
(10)  Now He was teaching in one of the synagogues on the Sabbath.  (11)  And behold, there was a woman who had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bent over and could in no way raise herself up.  (12)  But when Jesus saw her, He called her to Him and said to her, "Woman, you are loosed from your infirmity."  (13)  And He laid His hands on her, and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God.
(14)   But the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath; and he said to the crowd, "There are six days on which men ought to work; therefore come and be healed on them, and not on the Sabbath day."
(15)   The Lord then answered him and said, "Hypocrite! Does not each one of you on the Sabbath loose his ox or donkey from the stall, and lead it away to water it?  (16)  So ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound -- think of it -- for eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath?"  (17)  And when He said these things, all His adversaries were put to shame; and all the multitude rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by Him.
(18)  Then He said, "What is the kingdom of God like? And to what shall I compare it?  (19)  It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and put in his garden; and it grew and became a large tree, and the birds of the air nested in its branches."
(20)  And again He said, "To what shall I liken the kingdom of God?  (21)  It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened."
NKJV

The Woman's Infirmity

1. The ORIGIN SIN
Had this never entered into the world, there had not been either Pain, distortion, or death
2. The AGENT SATAN
Verse 16- "whom Satan hath bound"
3. The NATURE BOWED TOGETHER
A situation equally painful and humiliating; the Violence of which she could not support, and the Shame of which she could not conceal
4. The DURATION 18 YEARS
Not only that long already but worsening and no end in sight
5. The EFFECT COULD NOT LOOK UP
She was even prevented from so much as looking toward heaven

The Woman's Cure

1. The ORIGIN JESUS
He saw her and called her
2. The AGENT HIS HANDS
He laid His hands on her
3. The NATURE MADE STRAIGHT
The shame, the pain, and the violence were gone
4. The DURATION IMMEDIATELY
The cure was:
Speedy
Perfect
Public
Permanent
5. The EFFECT SHE GLORIFIED GOD
Not only could she see heaven,  but now she could enjoy it
    PERSECUTION
The ruler of The synagogue answered with indignation

 

(End of Lesson Seventeen)

 

 


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