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LIFE OF CHRIST
A Harmony of the Gospels

LESSON  TWENTY

   

THE  TRIUMPHAL  ENTRY

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THE PASSION WEEK
THE FIRST DAY

Matthew 21:1-11
(1)  Now when they drew near Jerusalem,  and came to Bethphage,  at the Mount of Olives,  then Jesus sent two disciples,  (2)  saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Loose them and bring them to Me.  (3)  And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord has need of them,' and immediately he will send them."
(4)   All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying:
(5)   "Tell the daughter of Zion,  'Behold, your King is coming to you, Lowly, and sitting on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey.'"
(6)   So the disciples went and did as Jesus commanded them.  (7)  They brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them.
(8)  And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down branches from the trees and spread them on the road.  (9)  Then the multitudes who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:
"Hosanna to the Son of David!  'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD! 'Hosanna in the highest!"
 
(10)  And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, "Who is this?"
(11)  So the multitudes said, "This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee."
NKJV

Mark 11:1-11
(1)  Now when they drew near Jerusalem, to Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, He sent two of  His disciples;  (2)  and He said to them, "Go into the village opposite you; and as soon as you have entered it you will find a colt tied, on which no one has sat. Loose it and bring it.  (3)  And if anyone says to you, 'Why are you doing this?' say, 'The Lord has need of it,' and immediately he will send it here."
(4)   So they went their way, and found the colt tied by the door outside on the street, and they loosed it.  (5)  But some of those who stood there said to them, "What are you doing, loosing the colt?"
(6)   And they spoke to them just as Jesus had commanded. So they let them go.  (7)  Then they brought the colt to Jesus and threw their clothes on it, and He sat on it.
(8)  And many spread their clothes on the road, and others cut down leafy branches from the trees and spread them on the road.  (9)  Then those who went before and those who followed cried out, saying:  "Hosanna!
'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!'  (10)  Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!"
(11)  And Jesus went into Jerusalem and into the temple. So when He had looked around at all things, as the hour was already late, He went out to Bethany with the twelve.
NKJV
Luke 19:29-44
(29)  And it came to pass, when He drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mountain called Olivet, that He sent two of His disciples,  (30)  saying, "Go into the village opposite you, where as you enter you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever sat. Loose it and bring it here.  (31)  And if anyone asks you, 'Why are you loosing it?' thus you shall say to him, 'Because the Lord has need of it.'"
(32)  So those who were sent went their way and found it just as He had said to them.  (33)  But as they were loosing the colt, the owners of it said to them, "Why are you loosing the colt?"
(34)  And they said, "The Lord has need of him."  (35)  Then they brought him to Jesus. And they threw their own clothes on the colt, and they set Jesus on him.
(36)  And as He went, many spread their clothes on the road.
(37)  Then, as He was now drawing near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen,  (38)  saying:  "'Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the LORD! 'Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!"
 
(39)  And some of the Pharisees called to Him from the crowd, "Teacher, rebuke Your disciples."
(40)  But He answered and said to them, "I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out."
(41)  Now as He drew near, He saw the city and wept over it,  (42)  saying, "If you had known, even you, especially in this your day, the things that make for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.  (43)  For days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment around you, surround you and close you in on every side,  (44)  and level you, and your children within you, to the ground; and they will not leave in you one stone upon another, because you did not know the time of your visitation."
NKJV
John 12:12-19
 
(12) The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,  (13)  took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: "Hosanna! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD! 'The King of Israel!"
(14)  Then Jesus, when He had found a young donkey, sat on it; as it is written:
(15)  "Fear not, daughter of Zion; Behold, your King is coming,  Sitting on a donkey's colt."
(16)  His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done these things to Him.
(17)  Therefore the people, who were with Him when He called Lazarus out of his tomb and raised him from the dead, bore witness.  (18)  For this reason the people also met Him, because they heard that He had done this sign.
 
(19)  The Pharisees therefore said among themselves," You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him!"
NKJV

Bethphage

Literally,  "house of  figs."

A village on the Mount of  Olives,  on the road going east from Jerusalem to Jericho.
The traditional site is North West of Bethany (About a mile from Jerusalem).

A colt ... on which no one has ever sat

No animal was allowed to be employed in sacred uses,  even among the heathen,  which had previously been
used for any domestic or agricultural purpose;  and those that had never been yoked were considered as sacred.

The foal was unbroken,  as befitted an animal consecrated to such a sacred purpose:

1. The Lord was born of a woman who did not know a man
2. The Lord was to be buried where no one had every been buried
3. It is only fitting that He should ride a colt no one had every sat on

Spread their clothes on the road

These were the outer garments.

Thus acknowledging Him to be their King,  for this was a custom observed by the people when they found that God had appointed a man to the kingdom.  Observe,  for example,  when Jehu was anointed king over Israel:

"Then each man hastened to take his garment and put it under him on the top of the steps; and they blew trumpets, saying, "Jehu is king!"
(2 Kings 9:13  NKJV)

Cut down branches...and spread them on the road

Matthew, Mark, and John use a different word for "branches:"

Matthew kládous Speaks of a young slip or shoot, a twig
Mark stibádas Speaks of a mass of straw, rushes, or leaves beaten together or strewed (thrown) loose,  so as to form a bed or carpeted way
John baía Speaks of palm-branches,  the feathery fronds forming the tufted crown of the tree
Each group contributed its own road-decorations.

Robertson says that the deliberate conduct of Jesus here could have but one meaning,  namely,  that this was His formal presentation of  Himself as the Messiah.

The crowds realized this and entered into the spirit of the occasion.

Those that went before and those that followed

They that went before

-

Consisted of  the crowds that poured out from the city of Jerusalem.
They that followed

-

Were those that had assembled at Bethany and Bethphage the night before.
The two streams met,  and Jesus was caught up in the center of these two great,  ecstatic throngs.

Hosanna!

Aramaic for  "save"  or  "help now."
It is from the Hebrew  "hoshiah na!"  which means basically the same.

This was a plea for help from oppression,  and redress of grievances.
The  "Hosanna"  was said once daily for 7 days at the Feast of  Tabernacles as they marched with palm and other branches around the altar.  On the 8th day they marched 7 times,  which was the  "great Hosanna,"  corresponding to the  "hosanna in the highest" here.

Thus both the words and actions of  the people prove that they acknowledged Christ as their King, and looked to Him for deliverance.

Not only did Jesus condone this - but He also ENCOURAGED it!
Not only did Jesus encourage it - but He also INSTIGATED it!

The stones would immediately cry out

"Master,  rebuke Your disciples!"
This from the Pharisees.
But He would not do so. Of such importance was His present conduct,  being expressly predicted by one of their very own prophets (Zech. 9:9) that if this multitude was silent,  even the stones would immediately cry out:

"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem!
Behold, your King is coming to you;
He is just and having salvation,
Lowly and riding on a donkey,
A colt, the foal of a donkey.

The words may have recalled to them the threats which occur, amid denunciations against covetousness and cruelty, and the utter destruction by which they should be avenged, in the prophet Habakkuk  (Habakkuk 2:11-14):

For the stone will cry out from the wall,
And the beam from the timbers will answer it.
Woe to him who builds a town with bloodshed,
Who establishes a city by iniquity!
Behold, is it not of the LORD of hosts
That the peoples labor to feed the fire,
And nations weary themselves in vain?
For the earth will be filled
With the knowledge of the glory of the LORD,
As the waters cover the sea.
The Pharisees felt that they were powerless to stay the flood of enthusiasm.

AND THEY  WERE  POWERLESS  TO  STOP  IT ! ! !

He saw the city and wept over it

The road slopes by a gradual ascent up the Mount of Olives,  through green fields and under shady trees,  till it suddenly sweeps round to the northward.  It is at this angle of the road that Jerusalem,  which hitherto has been hidden by the shoulder of the hill,  bursts full upon the view.  There,  through the clear atmosphere,  rising out of the deep valleys that surrounded it,  the city of  ten thousand memories stood clear before Him and the morning sunlight,  as it blazed on the marble pinnacles and gilded roofs of the Temple buildings,  was reflected in a very fiery splendor which forced the spectator to avert his glance.

The Jerusalem of that day,  with  "its imperial mantle of proud towers,"  was regarded as one of the wonders of the world,  and was a spectacle incomparably magnificent.
Who can interpret,  who can enter into the mighty rush of  divine compassion that,  at that spectacle,  shook the Savior's soul?  As He gazed on that  "mass of gold and snow,"  there was no pride,  no exultation in the heart of  its true King.  He had dropped SILENT tears at the grave of Lazarus;  here HE WEPT ALOUD.
All the shame of His mockery,  all the anguish of His torture,  was powerless,  five days afterwards,  to extort from Him a single groan,  or to wet His eyelids with one trickling tear;  but here,  all the pity that was within Him overmastered His human spirit and He not only wept,  but broke into a passion of lamentation

The days will come

1. Build an embankment
The AV translates it: "Cast a trench".
It is not a pit or large  "ditch,"  but a pile of earth,  stones,  or wood thrown up to guard a camp,  and to defend it from the approach of an enemy.  This was done at the siege of Jerusalem.
Josephus informs us that the Roman Emperor Titus,  in order that he might compel the city to surrender by  "famine,"  built a wall around the whole circumference of the city. This wall was nearly 5 miles in length, and was furnished with thirteen castles or towers.  This work was completed with incredible labor in ten days. 
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)
2. Close you in on every side
The professed design of this wall was  "to keep"  the city  "in on every side."
Never was a prophecy more strikingly accomplished.

This was literally fulfilled when this city was besieged by Titus. Josephus gives a very particular account of the building of this wall, which he says was effected in three days, though it was not less than thirty-nine furlongs in circumference; and that, when this wall and trench were completed, the Jews were so enclosed on every side that no person could escape out of the city, and no provision could be brought in, so that they were reduced to the most terrible distress by the famine which ensued.
(from Adam Clarke's Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Biblesoft)
 

3. Level ... to the ground
This was literally done. Titus caused a plow to pass over the place where the temple stood.
The whole account is well worth the reader's attention.
See Josephus, War, book 5 chapter 12 sections 1, 2, 3.

Because you did not know the time

And as He approached, He saw the city, and He wept [audibly] over it,  exclaiming,  "Would that you had known personally,  even at least in this your day,  the things that make for peace (for freedom from all the distresses that are experienced as the result of sin and upon which your peace--your security,  safety,  prosperity,  and happiness--depends)!  But now they are hidden from your eyes.
For a time is coming upon you when your enemies will throw up a bank [with pointed stakes] about you and surround you and shut you in on every side. [Isaiah 29:3; Jeremiah 6:6; Ezek 4:2.]
And they will dash you down to the ground, you [Jerusalem] and your children within you;  and they will not leave in you one stone upon another,  [all] because you did not come progressively to recognize and know and understand [from observation and experience] the time of your visitation [that is, when God was visiting you, the time in which God showed Himself gracious toward you and offered you salvation through Christ]".
Luke 19:41-44 (AMP)

Isaiah 29:3-4
I will encamp against you all around,  I will lay siege against you with a mound,  and I will raise siegeworks against you.  You shall be brought down,  you shall speak out of the ground;  your speech shall be low, out of the dust;  your voice shall be like a medium's, out of the ground;  and your speech shall whisper out of the dust.    (NKJV)

Jeremiah 6:6-8
"Cut down trees,  and build a mound against Jerusalem.  This is the city to be punished.  She is full of oppression in her midst.  As a fountain wells up with water, so she wells up with her wickedness.  Violence and plundering are heard in her.  Before Me continually are grief and wounds.   Be instructed, O Jerusalem,   lest My soul depart from you;  lest I make you desolate,  a land not inhabited."    (NKJV)

Ezekiel 4:1-3
Lay siege against it, build a siege wall against it, and heap up a mound against it; set camps against it also, and place battering rams against it all around.  Moreover take for yourself an iron plate, and set it as an iron wall between you and the city. Set your face against it, and it shall be besieged, and you shall lay siege against it. This will be a sign to the house of Israel.    (NKJV)

Daniel 9:24-26
"Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city,  to finish the transgression,  to make an end of sins,  to make reconciliation for iniquity,  to bring in everlasting righteousness,  to seal up vision and  prophecy,  and to anoint the Most Holy.
"Know therefore and understand,  that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince,  there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks;  the street shall be built again, and the wall,  even in troublesome times.
"And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself;  and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary.  The end of it shall be with a flood,  and till the end of the war desolations are determined."

 
He was to be crucified at the end of the 69th week of Daniel 9:24-27, or 483 years after the commandment at the end of the Babylonian captivity to restore Jerusalem and the temple.
AND  THEY  KNEW  THAT!!!

The knowledge of all this brought Jesus,

not to an outburst of anger,
but an outburst of anguish.
He took no pleasure in the things that would befall His people, neither in this world, or in the next.

Ezekiel 33:11
Say to them: 'As I live,' says the Lord GOD, 'I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live. Turn, turn from your evil ways!  For why should you die, O house of Israel?'    (NKJV)

2 Peter 3:9
The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some count slackness, but is longsuffering toward us, not willing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance.    (NKJV)
 
THE  CURSING  OF  THE  FIG  TREE

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THE SECOND DAY

Matthew 21:18-20
(18)  Now in the morning, as He returned to the city, He was hungry.  (19)  And seeing a fig tree by the road, He came to it and found nothing on it but leaves, and said to it, "Let no fruit grow on you ever again." Immediately the fig tree withered away.
NKJV

Mark 11:12-14, 20-24

(12)  Now the next day, when they had come out from Bethany, He was hungry.  (13)  And seeing from afar a fig tree having leaves, He went to see if perhaps He would find something on it. When He came to it, He found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.  (14)  In response Jesus said to it, "Let no one eat fruit from you ever again."  And His disciples heard it.
NKJV

Nothing but leaves ... not the season for figs

It was not as yet the time for the gathering in the fruits.
Figs were ripe in Judea as early as the Passover. Clark says that he has seen trees in that climate with fruit on them all year round.

Also,  the fig tree puts forth its fruit first, and afterwards its leaves.
It was reasonable to expect to find ripe figs on the tree.

The Lord condemned the tree,
not only because of its fruitlessness,
but also because of its fruitlessness
IN THE MIDST OF A DISPLAY THAT PROMISED FRUIT!

This tree was intended to point out the state of the Jewish nation.

1. They made a Profession of the true religion
2. They considered themselves the Peculiar people of God, and despised and reprobated all others
3. They were only Hypocrites, having nothing of religion but the Profession

His conduct towards this tree was emblematical of the treatment and final perdition that was to come upon the nation.

1. It was a Proper time for them to have borne Fruit
2. The time was now at hand in which God would require Fruit, and if it did not produce, the tree should be hewn down by the Roman axe

THEREFORE:

1. The Tree is properly the Jewish Nation
2. The Curse is the sentence of destruction that had now gone out against it
3. The Withering Away is the final and total ruin of the Jewish state by the Romans

His cursing the fig tree was not occasioned by any resentment or malice at being disappointed,  but to point out unto His disciples the wrath that was coming upon a people who had now nearly filled up the measure of their iniquity.

A FRUITLESS SOUL,  that has had such cultivation bestowed on it,  may expect to be dealt with as God did with this unrighteous nation.

See also the Fruit of the Spirit in Galatians 5:22, 23.

THE  SECOND  CLEANSING  OF  THE  TEMPLE

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Matthew 21:12-17
(12)  Then Jesus went into the temple of  God and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.  (13)  And He said to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer,' but you have made it a 'den of thieves.'"
(14)   Then the blind and the lame came to Him in the temple, and He healed them.  (15)  But when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that He did, and the children crying out in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the Son of David!" they were indignant   (16)  and said to Him, "Do You hear what these are saying?"
And Jesus said to them, "Yes. Have you never read,  'Out of the mouth of babes and nursing infants
You have perfected praise'
?"
 
(17)   Then He left them and went out of the city to Bethany, and He lodged there.
NKJV

Mark 11:15-19
(15)   So they came to Jerusalem. Then Jesus went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves.  (16)  And He would not allow anyone to carry wares through the temple.  (17)  Then He taught, saying to them, "Is it not written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations'? But you have made it a 'den of thieves.'"
(18)   And the scribes and chief priests heard it and sought how they might destroy Him; for they feared Him, because all the people were astonished at His teaching.
(19)  When evening had come, He went out of the city.
NKJV

Luke 19:45-48
(45)  Then He went into the temple and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it,   (46)  saying to them, "It is written, 'My house is a house of prayer,' but you have made it a 'den of thieves.'"
(47)   And He was teaching daily in the temple. But the chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people sought to destroy Him,  (48)  and were unable to do anything; for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.
NKJV

In John 2:13-22 is recorded the first time Jesus cleansed the Temple.
The background information and the basic procedure followed are much the same in both accounts.

Jesus drove them out that sold.

He did it before with a scourge of small cords (John 2:15).
Now he did it with a look, with a frown, with a word of command.

Some reckon this none of  the least of  Christ's miracles,  that he should himself  thus clear the temple,  and not be opposed in it by them who by this craft got their living,  and were backed in it by the priests and elders.
It is an instance of  his power over the spirits of men,  and the hold he has of them by their own consciences.  This was the only act of regal authority and coercive power that Christ did in the days of his flesh;  he began with it,  John 2 and here ended with it.
(from Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: New Modern Edition, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1991 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)

The children crying out in the temple

"Out of the mouth of  babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise"  is from the 8th Psalm.

It was a common thing among the Jews for the children to be employed in the public acclamations; and thus they were accustomed to hail their celebrated rabbins.  This shouting of the children was therefore no strange thing in the land;  only they were exasperated,  because a person was celebrated against whom they had a rooted hatred.  As to the prophecy that foretold this,  they regarded it not.

FIRST The Disciples tried to prevent the little children from Jesus
SECOND The Multitude tried to quiet the blind men at Jericho as they cried out to "Jesus, son of David."
THIRD The Pharisees tried to quiet the disciples as they sang "Hosanna to the son of David."
FOURTH The Chief Priests
and Scribes
tried to quiet the children as they sang "Hosanna to the son of
David."

Tried to prohibit:

1. Loving Jesus and receiving blessing from Him (the children)
2. Proclaiming His presence and Lordship -receive healing (the Blind men)
3. Praising Him -Proclaim His Lordship (the Disciples)
4. Praising Him -Proclaim His Lordship (the Children)

THE  AUTHORITY  OF  JESUS  CHALLENGED

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THE  THIRD AND FOURTH DAYS

Matthew 21:23-27
(23)  Now when He came into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people confronted Him as He was teaching, and said, "By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority?"
(24)  But Jesus answered and said to them, "I also will ask you one thing, which if you tell Me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things:  (25)  The baptism of John -- where was it from? From heaven or from men?"
And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say to us, 'Why then did you not believe him?'  (26)  But if we say, 'From men,' we fear the multitude, for all count John as a prophet."  (27)  So they answered Jesus and said, "We do not know."
And He said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."
NKJV

Mark 11:27-33
(27)  Then they came again to Jerusalem. And as He was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders came to Him.  (28)  And they said to Him, "By what authority are You doing these things? And who gave You this authority to do these things?"
(29)  But Jesus answered and said to them, "I also will ask you one question; then answer Me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things:  (30)  The baptism of John -- was it from heaven or from men? Answer Me."
(31)  And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?'  (32)  But if we say, 'From men'" -- they feared the people, for all counted John to have been a prophet indeed.  (33)  So they answered and said to Jesus, "We do not know."
And Jesus answered and said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."
NKJV

Luke 20:1-8
(1)  Now it happened on one of those days, as He taught the people in the temple and preached the gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes, together with the elders, confronted Him   (2)  and spoke to Him, saying, "Tell us, by what authority are You doing these things? Or who is he who gave You this authority?"
(3)  But He answered and said to them, "I also will ask you one thing, and answer Me:  (4)  The baptism of John -- was it from heaven or from men?"
(5)  And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?'  (6)  But if we say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet."  (7)  So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
(8)  And Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."
NKJV

By what authority

Referring particularly to:

1. His receiving the acclamations of the people as the promised Messiah.
2. His expulsion of the traders out of the Temple.
3. His publicly teaching the people in the Temple.

We might liken this to:   His right to be in charge-day-to-day!

1. His right to expect us to acclaim Him Lord of our Life.
2. His right to expect us to keep our life free from the "filthiness of the flesh."
3. His right to expect us to study His Word, and meditate in His Law day and night.

The baptism of John, where was it from?

"We do not know"  should have been truthfully,  "We will not tell," for:

If John is acknowledged as the Forerunner
  THEN
Jesus must be acknowledged as the Christ!
PARABLE  OF  THE  TWO  SONS

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Matthew 21:28-32
(28)  "But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first and said, 'Son, go, work today in my vineyard.'  (29)  He answered and said, 'I will not,' but afterward he regretted it and went.  (30)  Then he came to the second and said likewise. And he answered and said, 'I go, sir,' but he did not go.  (31)  Which of the two did the will of his father?"
They said to Him, "The first."
Jesus said to them, "Assuredly, I say to you that tax collectors and harlots enter the kingdom of God before you.  (32)  For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you did not believe him; but tax collectors and harlots believed him; and when you saw it, you did not afterward relent and believe him."
NKJV

     
The first son was the Rebellious one The Publicans and the Sinners (vs. 31) who saw the error of their ways, and were not too proud to repent and change.
The second son was the Hypocritical one the Religious Leaders with all their self righteousness who were like the fig tree with all the leaves (or show), but no fruit.

Isaiah 64:6
But we are all like an unclean thing,  and all our righteousnesses are like filthy rags.    (NKJV)

1 Timothy 1:15
This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.    (NKJV)

PARABLE  OF  THE  WICKED  VINEDRESSER

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Matthew 21:33-46
(33)  "Hear another parable: There was a certain landowner who planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country. 
(34)  Now when vintage-time drew near, he sent his servants to the vinedressers, that they might receive its fruit.  (35)  And the vinedressers took his servants, beat one,
 
killed one, and stoned another.  (36) 
Again he sent other servants, more than the first, and they did likewise to them. 
(37)  Then last of all he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'  (38)  But when the vinedressers saw the son, they said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him and seize his inheritance.'  (39)  So they took him and cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.
(40)  "Therefore, when the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vinedressers?"
(41)  They said to Him, "He will destroy those wicked men miserably, and lease his vineyard to other vinedressers who will render to him the fruits in their seasons."
(42)  Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures:
'The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.
This was the LORD's doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes'?
(43)  "Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it.  (44)  And whoever falls on this stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.
"
(45)  Now when the chief priests and Pharisees heard His parables, they perceived that He was speaking of them.  (46)  But when they sought to lay hands on Him, they feared the multitudes, because they took Him for a prophet.
NKJV

Mark 12:1-12
(1)  Then He began to speak to them in parables: "A man planted a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a place for the wine vat and built a tower. And he leased it to vinedressers and went into a far country. 
(2)  Now at vintage-time he sent a servant to the vinedressers, that he might receive some of the fruit of the vineyard from the vinedressers.  (3) And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed.
(4)  Again he sent them another servant, and at him they threw stones, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated. 
(5)  And again he sent another, and him they killed; and many others, beating some and killing some. 
(6)  Therefore still having one son, his beloved, he also sent him to them last, saying, 'They will respect my son.'  (7)  But those vinedressers said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'  (8)  So they took him and killed him and cast him out of the vineyard.
(9)  "Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the vinedressers, and give the vineyard to others.
 (10)  Have you not even read this Scripture:
'The stone which the builders rejected  has become the chief cornerstone.
(11)  This was the LORD's doing,
And it is marvelous in our eyes'?
"
(12)  And they sought to lay hands on Him, but feared the multitude, for they knew He had spoken the parable against them. So they left Him and went away.
NKJV

Luke 20:9-19
(9)  Then He began to tell the people this parable: "A certain man planted a vineyard, leased it to vinedressers, and went into a far country for a long time. 
(10)  Now at vintage-time he sent a servant to the vinedressers, that they might give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the vinedressers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 
(11)  Again he sent another servant; and they beat him also, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed.
 (12)  And again he sent a third; and they wounded him also and cast him out.
(13)  "Then the owner of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. probably they will respect him when they see him.'  (14)  But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.'  (15)  So they cast him out of the vineyard and killed him.
Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do to them?  (16)  He will come and destroy those vinedressers and give the vineyard to others."
And when they heard it they said, "Certainly not!"
(17)  Then He looked at them and said, "What then is this that is written:
'The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone'?
(18)  Whoever falls on that stone will be broken; but on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.
"
(19)  And the chief priests and the scribes that very hour sought to lay hands on Him, but they feared the people -- for they knew He had spoken this parable against them.
NKJV

A parable in some respects similar to that of the Barren Fig Tree.

The general application of this parable seems to be:

1. A HOUSEHOLDER God Almighty
2. A VINEYARD The Jewish Nation
3. A FENCE Divine Protection  (Set a hedge around it)
4. A WINEPRESS The Law and Sacrificial Rites
5. A TOWER The Temple, in which the Divine Presence was manifested
6. THE VINEDRESSER The Priests and Doctors of the Law
7. HIS SERVANTS The Prophets sent from God
8. HIS SON The Lord Jesus Christ

He provided all for them - They returned nothing but wickedness to Him.
Also in conjunction with this parable is Isaiah 5:1-7

Isaiah 5:1-7
Now let me sing to my Well-beloved A song of my Beloved regarding His vineyard:
My Well-beloved has a vineyard on a very fruitful hill.
He dug it up and cleared out its stones, and planted it with the choicest vine.
He built a tower in its midst, and also made a winepress in it;  so He expected it to bring forth good grapes, but it brought forth wild grapes.
"And now,  O inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah,  judge,  please,  between Me and My vineyard.
What more could have been done to My vineyard that I have not done in it?
Why then,  when I expected it to bring forth good grapes, did it bring forth wild grapes?
And now,  please let Me tell you what I will do to My vineyard:
I will take away its hedge,  and it shall be burned;  and break down its wall,  and it shall be trampled down.
I will lay it waste;  it shall not be pruned or dug,  but there shall come up briers and thorns.
I will also command the clouds That they rain no rain on it."
For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of  Israel,  and the men of Judah are His pleasant plant.
He looked for justice, but behold, oppression;
For righteousness, but behold, a cry for help.     (NKJV)

The stone which the builders rejected

This is taken from Psalm 118:22.

Ps 118:22
The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone.     (NKJV)

See also Ephesians 2:20

PARABLE  OF  THE  WEDDING  FOR  THE  KING'S  SON

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Matthew 22:1-14
(1)   And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parables and said:  (2)  "The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who arranged a marriage for his son,  (3)  and sent out his servants to call those who were invited to the wedding; and they were not willing to come.  (4)  Again, he sent out other servants, saying, 'Tell those who are invited, "See, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and fatted cattle are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding."'  (5)  But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his business.  (6)  And the rest seized his servants, treated them spitefully, and killed them.  (7)  But when the king heard about it, he was furious. And he sent out his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.  (8)  Then he said to his servants,  'The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy.  (9)  Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you find, invite to the wedding.'  (10)  So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests.
(11)  "But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw a man there who did not have on a wedding garment.  (12)  So he said to him, 'Friend, how did you come in here without a wedding garment?' And he was speechless.  (13)  Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him into outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'
(14)  "For many are called, but few are chosen.
"
NKJV

Arranged a marriage

The phrase refers to the marriage feast,  rather than the ceremony.

My dinner

Not the principle meal of the day,  but a  "noon-breakfast,"  a luncheon.
(This feasting with guests went on for a week after the wedding).

Tell those who are invited

The custom included an initial invitation and a second call at the stated hour.

Made light of it

Not in the sense of  "jeering."
They simply gave it no heed.  It was of no importance to them.  They preferred earthly things to heavenly blessings.

And went their ways

These are two different classes of  unbelievers:

1. (vs. 5) The  PASSIVE - SIMPLY  INDIFFERENT
2. (vs. 6) The  ACTIVE - ABSOLUTELY  HOSTILE

Each equally guilty,  and  "not worthy."  (vs. 8).

Seized his servants
The invited ones,  here certainly Israel,  refused this call,  and when further explanatory entreaties were made, became either brazenly rude or positively murderous.
Compare Jewish treatment of John (Matt 21:25),  Stephen (Acts 7:59),  and James (Acts 12:2).

If the scene describes a marriage that involved the recognition of the son as heir, then refusal to attend showed disloyalty as well as discourtesy. This accounts for the violent destruction brought upon the rebels by the king's forces.

Did not have on a wedding garment

The language here is drawn from the remarkable passage in Zephaniah 1 :7,8
"Be silent in the presence of  the Lord GOD; for the day of the LORD is at hand, for the LORD has prepared a sacrifice; He has invited His guests.  And it shall be,  in the day of the LORD's sacrifice,  that I will punish the princes and the king's children,  and all such as are clothed with foreign apparel."

There are here three classes who are not allowed to enter:

1. Those who are  INDIFFERENT Have no desire to enter
2. Those who are  HOSTILE Have no desire to enter
3. Those who are  UNPREPARED He would enter,  but  "in his own garments"
(Purposely Unprepared - The Pharisees with there "own
righteousness
"

Excerpts from Farrar   (concerning the Three Parables)

Teachings so obvious in their import filled the minds of the leading Priests and Pharisees with a more and more bitter rage. He had begun the day by refusing to answer their dictatorial question,  and by more than justifying that refusal.  His counter-influence that they so haughtily exercised over the people,  but had reduced them to the ignominious silence of hypocrisy.  Then followed His parables:
1. In the FIRST The Two Sons He convicted them of  false Professions,  unaccompanied by action.
2. In the SECOND The Vinedresser He depicted the trust and responsibility of their office, and indicated a terrible retribution for its cruel and profligate abuse.
3. In the THIRD The Wedding Feast He indicated alike the punishment that would ensue upon the rejection of His invitations, and the impossibility of deceiving the eye o f His Heavenly Father by a mere nominal and pretended acceptance.
(Life of Christ by Dr. Frederic W. Farrar Copyright: 1949)

THE  QUESTION  OF  THE  TRIBUTE  MONEY

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Matthew 22:15-22
(15)  Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk.
(16)  And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do You care about anyone, for You do not regard the person of men.  (17)  Tell us, therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"
(18)  But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, "Why do you test Me, you hypocrites?  (19)  Show Me the tax money."
So they brought Him a denarius.
(20)  And He said to them, "Whose image and inscription is this?"   (21)  They said to Him, "Caesar's."  And He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."  (22)  When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left Him and went their way.
NKJV
Mark 12:13-17
(13)  Then they sent to Him some of the Pharisees and the Herodians, to catch Him in His words.
(14)  When they had come, they said to Him, "Teacher, we know that You are true, and care about no one; for You do not regard the person of men, but teach the way of God in truth. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?  (15)  Shall we pay, or shall we not pay?"
But He, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, "Why do you test Me? Bring Me a denarius that I may see it."
(16)  So they brought it.  And He said to them, "Whose image and inscription is this?" They said to Him, "Caesar's."
(17)  And Jesus answered and said to them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
And they marveled at Him.
NKJV
Luke 20:20-26
(20)  So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and the authority of the governor.
(21)  Then they asked Him, saying, "Teacher, we know that You say and teach rightly, and You do not show personal favoritism, but teach the way of God in truth:  (22)  Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
(23)  But He perceived their craftiness, and said to them, "Why do you test Me?  (24)  Show Me a denarius.  
Whose image and inscription does it have?"
They answered and said, "Caesar's."
(25)  And He said to them, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
(26)  But they could not catch Him in His words in the presence of the people. And they marveled at His answer and kept silent.
NKJV

Taxes

The word is "kenson."
It refers here to the poll tax that the Jews paid the Emperor (of Rome).
This payment was objectionable to them for two reasons:

1. It was a sign of subjection to a foreign power.
2. The coin with which it was to be paid,  the denarius,  bore the Emperor's effigy stamped upon it.

Is it lawful?

Rather - "is it permissible,  is it allowed,  or permitted?"
The Jews were not discussing the legality of  paying poll tax to Caesar,  but whether a Jew should do so in view of his theocratic relationship to God.

They pressed for an answer, "Yes" or "No," as if there were no other possible answer. They hoped, in view of  His Jewish background and teaching,  that He would say no. That would involve Him at once with the Roman authorities.

Jesus perceived their wickedness

Answer to this question was extremely difficult:

1. In the presence of the PEOPLE - who professed to have no other king but God, and looked on their independence as an essential point of their religion.
2. In the presence of the PHARISEES - who were ready to stir up the people against Him, if His decision could be at all construed to be contrary to their prejudices, or to their religious rights.
3. In the presence of the HERODIANS - who, if the answer should appear to be against Caesar's rights, were ready to inflame their master (Herod) to avenge, by the death of Jesus, the affront offered to Herod's master, the Roman Emperor.

Jesus shows His profound wisdom

1. By  UNMASKING  them,  and showing that He knew the very secrets of their hearts.
This must cover them with confusion,  when they saw that their  MOTIVES  were thus discovered.
2. By not attempting to discuss the question at large;  but settled the business by seizing a maxim that was common among all people,  and acknowledged among the Jews themselves:
That the prince who causes his image and titles to be stamped on the current coin of a country,  is virtually acknowledged thereby as the governor.
3. By making them answer to their own confusion.
They came to ensnare Jesus in His discourse,  and now they are ensnared in their own.  He who digs a pit for another ordinarily falls into it himself!

His answer is full of consummate wisdom. It:

1. Establishes the limits
2. Regulates the rights
3. Distinguishes the jurisdiction of the two empires of  Heaven and Earth
The image of  PRINCES stamped on their COIN
Denotes that temporal things belong to their government
The image of GOD stamped on the SOUL
Denotes that all its faculties and powers belong to the Most High, and should be employed in His service

When our lives are examined by men, whose image do they see?

Philippians 2:5-8
Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Who ... made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant ... he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death     (KJV)

Romans 13:14
But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfill the lusts thereof.     (KJV)

Matthew 5:16
Let your light so shine before men,  that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.  (KJV)

THE  QUESTION  OF  THE  RESURRECTION

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Matthew 22:23-33
(23)  The same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him,  (24)  saying: "Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.  (25)  Now there were with us seven brothers. The first died after he had married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother.  (26)  Likewise the second also, and the third, even to the seventh.  (27)  Last of all the woman died also.  (28)  Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her."
(29)  Jesus answered and said to them, "You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.  (30)  For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of  God in heaven.  (31)  But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying,  (32)  'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living."
(33)  And when the multitudes heard this, they were astonished at His teaching.
NKJV
Mark 12:18-27
(18)  Then some Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him; and they asked Him, saying:  (19)  "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies, and leaves his wife behind, and leaves no children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.  (20)  Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife; and dying, he left no offspring.  (21)  And the second took her, and he died; nor did he leave any offspring. And the third likewise.  (22)  So the seven had her and left no offspring. Last of all the woman died also.  (23)  Therefore, in the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be? For all seven had her as wife."
(24)  Jesus answered and said to them, "Are you not therefore mistaken, because you do not know the Scriptures nor the power of  God?  (25)  For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.  (26)  But concerning the dead, that they rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the burning bush passage, how God spoke to him, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'?   (27)  He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living. You are therefore greatly mistaken."
NKJV
 
Luke 20:27-40
(27)  Then some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him and asked Him,  (28)  saying: "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies, having a wife, and he dies without children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.  (29)  Now there were seven brothers. And the first took a wife, and died without children.  (30)  And the second took her as wife, and he died childless.  (31)  Then the third took her, and in like manner the seven also; and they left no children, and died.  (32)  Last of all the woman died also.  (33)  Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife does she become? For all seven had her as wife."
(34)  Jesus answered and said to them, "The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage.  (35)  But those who are counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage;  (36)  nor can they die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection.  (37)  But even Moses showed in the burning bush passage that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord 'the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'   (38)  For He is not the God of the dead but of the living, for all live to Him."
(39)  Then some of the scribes answered and said, "Teacher, You have spoken well."  (40)  But after that they dared not question Him anymore.
NKJV

And raise up offspring for his brother

This law is mentioned in Deuteronomy 25:5,  and an example of  this is the situation between Ruth and Boaz.
The son produced by the second union is to be reckoned in the genealogy of the deceased brother, and enjoy his estates.

Deuteronomy 25:5-6
"If brothers dwell together, and one of them dies and has no son, the widow of the dead man shall not be married to a stranger outside the family; her husband's brother shall go in to her, take her as his wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her.  And it shall be that the firstborn son which she bears will succeed to the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out of Israel.      (NKJV)

The purpose of the Mosaic legislation here was to prevent a family inheritance from being broken up. Since the 7 men have died,  and also the woman,  the interest of the case had passed over into the future life,  if there was such a thing,  which the Sadducees doubted.

The Sadducees  (and the Pharisees also,  so far as they connected marriage and the propagation of the race with the future life),  showed themselves incapable of  conceiving a power that could produce an entirely different order from any within their experience.  They assumed either that God could not raise the dead,  or that He could raise them only to a life that would be a counterpart of the present,  or even more replete with material pleasures.

Like the angels

Literally,  "in the same manner as,  after the fashion of."
It speaks of similarity and equality,  here limited to the restrictions of the context that speaks of marriage and the propagation of the race.

Angels were originally created.
There is the same number of angels in existence today as when they were created.
They do not propagate their kind.
Human beings in the next life will not be angels,  but they will be like angels in this respect,  that they will not propagate their kind.
Thus,  the hypothetical case of the Sadducees has no relation to the future life.

I am the God of Abraham

Abraham was dead over 300 years when these words were spoken by God to Moses:

yet still God calls Himself the God of Abraham.

Now Jesus properly observes that God

is not the God of  "the dead"  (that word being equal,  in the sense of the Sadducees,  to an eternal annihilation),
but of  "the living;"  it therefore follows that,  if He be the God of Abraham,  Isaac, and Jacob,  these are not dead,  but are alive,  though they had ceased,  for some hundreds of years,  to exist among mortals.

This quotation is taken from Exodus 3:6,16;  and as the five books of  Moses were the only part of the Scripture that the Sadducees acknowledged as Divine,  Jesus,  by confuting them from those books,  proved the second part of  His assertion,  "Ye are ignorant of those very Scriptures which you profess to hold sacred."

THE  QUESTION  OF  THE  GREATEST  COMMANDMENT

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Matthew 22:34-40
(34)  But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together.  (35)  Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying,  (36)  "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?"
(37)  Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.'   (38)  This is the first and great commandment.  (39)  And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'   (40)  On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets."
NKJV
Mark 12:28-34
(28)  Then one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, perceiving that He had answered them well, asked Him, "Which is the first commandment of all?"
(29)  Jesus answered him, "The first of all the commandments is: 'Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is one.  (30)  And you shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength.' This is the first commandment.   (31)  And the second, like it, is this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these."
(32)  So the scribe said to Him, "Well said, Teacher. You have spoken the truth, for there is one God, and there is no other but He.  (33)  And to love Him with all the heart, with all the understanding, with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is more than all the whole burnt offerings and sacrifices."
(34)  Now when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, He said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God."
But after that no one dared question Him.
NKJV

Love the Lord your God

1. WITH ALL YOUR HEART He loves God with all his heart who loves nothing in comparison of
Him, and nothing but in reference to Him: who is ready to give up, do, or suffer any thing in order to please and glorify Him:
- who has in his heart neither love nor hatred, hope nor fear, inclination, nor aversion, desire, nor delight, but as they relate to God, and are regulated by Him.
1. WITH ALL YOUR SOUL He loves God with all his soul who is ready to give up LIFE for His sake - to endure all sorts of torments, and to be deprived of all kinds of comforts, rather than dishonor God:
- who employs life with all its comforts, and conveniences, to glorify God in, by, and through all:
- to whom life and death are nothing, but as they come from and lead to God.
2. WITH ALL YOUR MIND He loves God with all his mind who applies himself only to know God, and His holy will:
- who receives with submission, gratitude, and pleasure, the sacred truths that God has revealed to man.  In a word,  he who sees God in all things,  thinks of Him at all times,  having his mind continually fixed upon God, acknowledging Him in all his ways
-who begins, continues, and ends all his thoughts, words, and works, to the glory of His Name.
3. WITH ALL YOUR STRENGTH He loves God with all his strength who exerts all the powers of his body and soul in the service of God:
- who, for the glory of his Maker, spares neither labor nor cost
- who sacrifices his time, body, health, for the honor of God.

We must love Him with:

1. All your Heart - Our total  EMOTIONS - ATTITUDES
2. All your Soul - Our total  DESIRES - PREFERENCES
3. All your Mind - Our total  INTELLECT - MOTIVES
4. All your Strength - Our total  PHYSICAL ABILITY - ACTIONS

This  "Great Commandment"  is greatest:

1. In  DIGNITY - as directly and immediately proceeding from and referring to God.
2. In  ANTIQUITY - being as old as the world, and engraved originally on our very nature.
3. In  EXCELLENCE - being the commandment of the New Covenant, and the very Spirit of the Divine adoption.
4. In  JUSTICE - because it alone renders to God His due, prefers Him before all things, and secures to Him His proper rank in relation to them.
5. In  SUFFICIENCY - being in itself capable of making men holy in this life, and happy in the other.
6. In  FRUITFULNESS - because it is the root of all commandments and the fulfilling of the law.
7. In  VIRTUE - because by this alone God reigns in the heart of man, and man is united to God.
8. In  EXTENT - leaving nothing to the creature, which it does not refer to the Creator.
9. In  NECESSITY - being absolutely indispensable.
10. In  DURATION - being ever to be continued on earth, and never to be discontinued in heaven.

 

(End of Lesson Twenty)

 

 


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