REVELATION - END OF
THE AGE OF MAN
(A Synopsis of the Revelation of Jesus Christ)
All Things Made New
The Age of Man is Ended and the Eternal Day Begins
The new Heavens and the new Earth
The New Jerusalem
The Bride - The Lamb's Wife
The Thirteenth Revelation of Jesus
The Tabernacle of God with Men
(1) Now I saw a new
heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth
had passed away. Also there was no more sea.
(2) Then I, John, saw the holy
city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared
as a bride adorned for her husband.
(3) And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying,
"Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with
them, and they shall be His people. God Himself will be with them
and be their God. (4) And
God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no
more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain,
for the former things have passed away."
(5) Then He who sat on the
throne said, "Behold, I make all things new." And He said to me,
"Write, for these words are true and faithful."
(6) And He said to me, "It is
done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I
will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who
thirsts. (7) He who
overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he
shall be My son. (8) But
the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually
immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part
in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the
The Greek used here word for "new" is kainós.
As distinct from néos, "new in time," Kainós means
"new in nature" (with an implication of "better"). Both words
suggest "unfamiliar," "unexpected," "wonderful."
(from Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, abridged edition,
Copyright © 1985 by William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.)
Chuck Smith offers:
|God spoke the universe into existence. And in
speaking it into existence, He spoke into existence a scientific
puzzle. For in speaking matter into existence, He brought the
protons and electrons and assembled them together. And in creating
the atoms, and bringing into the heart of the atom, the protons
tightly knit together in the nucleus of the atom, He violated the
law of electricity, Collins Law, which speaks of the
repelling force of positive charges. Positive poles repel. Try to
put them together and they will fight each other. There is a
repelling force of positive charges, tremendously powerful repelling
|The atom bomb illustrates the true nature of an
atom. The nucleus of an atom is bombarded with slow moving neutrons
that upset the delicate balance of the protons in the heart of the
atom and it releases them. As it releases them, there is a
tremendous release of energy and power, and you see the tremendous
power released when protons within an atom are set free. It takes an
equivalent power to hold the nucleus of an atom together that is
released when the nucleus is unbalanced.
|God holds together the universe by the word of His
power, and we are told this in the scripture; He created it by the
word of His power and by Him all things are held together. All He is
going to do is relax and let it go, and the whole material universe
will go up in one gigantic puff. The elements will be dissolved and
melted with a fervent heat. The heavens will be on fire. The whole
material universe following the natural laws with the protons
repelling each other, and this whole material universe will go out
of existence in a moment's time.
David Guzik points out:
|This isn’t just the next heaven and the
next earth; this is the better heaven and better
earth replacing the old (the first earth had passed away).
|Though some disagree, such as Seiss, who argues
passionately that this earth will never be destroyed - we should
also understand that this is truly a new heaven and a new
earth, not merely a “remade” heaven and earth. We know this because
Jesus said that heaven and earth shall pass away, but His word would
live forever (Luke 21:33). Also, in
Isaiah 65:17 God says
prophetically that He will create a new heaven and a new earth, and
the ancient Hebrew word for “create” (bara) means to “create
out of nothing,” instead of re-fashioning existing material.
The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation
of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word.
In the beginning, O Lord, you laid the foundations of the earth,
and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain;
they will all wear out like a garment. You will roll them up like a robe;
like a garment they will be changed.
But you remain the same,
and your years will never end." (NIV) [quoting
Behold, I will create (bara)
new heavens and a new earth.
The former things will not be remembered,
nor will they come to mind. (NIV)
"As the new heavens and the new earth that I make will endure before me," declares the Lord.
In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens
are the work of your hands. They will perish, but you remain;
they will all wear out like a garment.
Like clothing you will change them. (NIV)
2 Peter 3:7-13
By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire,
being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men
... The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements
will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything in it
will be laid bare ... everything will be destroyed in this
way. ... That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens
by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat ...we are
looking forward to a new heaven and a new earth, the home of
Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.
Human history begins in a Garden and ends in a City that is like a garden
paradise. God’s statements recorded in Revelation 21:5-6 aptly summarizes
these final two chapters: ‘Behold I make all things new!’ What began in
the book of Genesis is brought now to completion in the book of
Revelation, as the following summary will show:
||On the sixth day the age of man begins
||Eighth day (Eternity) begins for man
||Heavens and earth created
||New heavens and earth
||The seas created
||No more sea
||Death enters history
||No more death
||Sorrow and pain begin
||No more tears or pain
||Sun is created
||No need of the sun
||The curse announced
||No more curse
||The night is established
||No night there
||Man is driven from paradise
||Man restored to paradise
Man's soul is redeemed by spiritual regeneration now
Man's body shall be
so at the resurrection
Man's dwelling-place, his inheritance, the earth,
shall be so at the creation of the new heaven and earth, which shall
exceed the first paradise.
As much as the second Adam exceeds in glory the
first Adam before the fall, and as man regenerated in body and soul shall
exceed man at creation.
(from Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown Commentary, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 1997, 2003, 2005, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc. All rights
The Threefold Description of the Citizens and the City
||They are God’s people
||God promised a new heaven and earth.
For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; and the former
shall not be remembered or come to mind. (NKJV)
2 Peter 3:10-13
But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the
night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great
noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat;
both the earth and the works that are in it will be
burned up. ... the heavens will be dissolved, being on
fire, and the elements will melt with fervent heat?
Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new
heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.
||‘No more sea’ does not mean ‘no more water.’
It is a different arrangement of water.
||The eternal city will appear
||The eternal city will appear
||Free and abundant living water for all!
||These heavenly citizens are an
||‘He that overcomes’ is a key phrase in this book. As John pointed out in
his first epistle, ‘all true believers are overcomers (1 John 5:4, 5)
1 John 5:4-5
For everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is
the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith.
Who is it that overcomes the world? Only he who believes
that Jesus is the Son of God. (NIV)
It sounds like a dream, doesn't it? It sounds like a fairy tale. It sounds
too good to be true. And because it is really just so good that it is
hard for us to conceive it, the Lord puts this special little phrase: "write
these things because these sayings are faithful and true." God attests now
to the truth of what He is declaring. You can believe it. You can trust
John uses the most striking, beautiful image he can think of. The most
beautiful thing a man will ever see is his bride coming down the aisle,
ready to meet him. John says that this is how beautiful the New Jerusalem
will be. (Guzik)
This also shows how God sees us, His Son's bride. We often focus on our
own (or someone else's) faults and imperfections, but God sees us only
through the blood of His Son, and His Son's perfection and beauty.
The Revelation of Jesus Christ as The Tabernacle
of God with Men
“Sh’khinah” and “he will live” translate the Greek words “skene”
(“tent, tabernacle, lodging”) and “skenoser” (“he will dwell”); and
both are related to the Hebrew word “shakhan” (“to dwell”), from
which is derived “Sh’khinah” [shekinah], referring to the glorious
manifesting presence of God who can dwell among men (see
7:15). Thus God
will dwell with them, be the Sh’khinah and the Tabernacle with
God-with-them. This phrase tells us of the consummation of Isaiah 7:14,
which foresees that the Messiah is to be called Immanu’el (“God with us”);
see Mt 1:23
(from Jewish New Testament Commentary Copyright © 1992 by David H. Stern.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.)
Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin
shall conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name Immanuel.
"Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and bear a Son, and they
shall call His name Immanuel," which is translated, "God with us."
The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. (NIV)
As in so many other passages in the book of Revelation, we have in verse 3
the perfect consummation and conclusion of the great theme of God -
tabernacling among men. The Greek word here for tabernacle is the same as
in the Greek translation of the OT passages describing the Tabernacle,
where also we are told that in the Holy of Holies, God would meet with his
people (Leviticus 26:11 ff.). This is the Word in its verbal form which is
used in John's initial description of the Incarnation:
This time the tabernacle abides; this time there will be no separation
between God and his people.
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His
glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of
grace and truth. (NKJV)
(from The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright © 1962
by Moody Press. All rights reserved.)
The Alpha and Omega
Once more we have the title of Christ, the Alpha and the Omega, which are
the first and last words of the Greek alphabet, indicating that Christ is
before the universe which was created by him, and will be at the end of
all time, for all things will be consummated in him.
(from The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright © 1962
by Moody Press. All rights reserved.)
Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, the Lord
of hosts: "I am the First and I am the Last; besides Me there is no
And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning,
the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the
For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be
glory forever. Amen. (NKJV)
He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all
creation. For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and
that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or
dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created
through Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all
things consist. And He is the head of the body, the church, who is
the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He
may have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in Him all
the fullness should dwell, and by Him to reconcile all things to
Himself, by Him, whether things on earth or things in heaven, having
made peace through the blood of His cross. (NKJV)
I will give the water of life
Although the voice came from the very throne of God Almighty, we again
find that it is indeed, Jesus Christ.
Ho! Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and you who have no money,
come, buy and eat. Yes, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price.
Jesus answered and said to her, "If you knew the gift of God, and
who it is who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked
Him, and He would have given you living water ... but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never
thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain
of water springing up into everlasting life." (NKJV)
He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart
flow rivers of living water." (NKJV)
For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and
lead them to living fountains of waters. (NKJV)
All the promises of God are true
Many times believers have sung: "Standing on the Promises of God my
King..." The book of Revelation has many wonderful promises for the
believers and those who remain faithful and steadfast. But there are other
promises God made that are just as true. He promised the Lake of Fire to
||timid, i.e. (by implication) faithless
||Unfaithful, faithless, unbelieving
||Defiled, polluted, disgusting
||Commit homicide (not accidental death)
||Pornographer, a prostitute (male &
female), includes the idea of adultery
||One who prepares or uses magical
remedies or spell-giving remedies
||A worshipper of any other god,
participating in pagan feasts; a covetous man, as a worshipper of
money or possessions
||Deceitful, erroneous, deliberately
making a false statement, a false witness in judicial proceedings
The New Jerusalem
Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with
the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying,
"Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb's wife."
(10) And he carried me away in
the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great
city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
(11) having the glory of God.
Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone,
clear as crystal. (12)
Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve
angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the
names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:
(13) three gates on the east,
three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three
gates on the west.
Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were
the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
(15) And he who talked with me
had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall.
(16) The city is laid out as a
square; its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the
city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth,
and height are equal. (17)
Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits,
according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel.
(18) The construction of its
wall was of jasper; and the city was pure gold, like clear glass.
(19) The foundations of the
wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones:
the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third
chalcedony, the fourth emerald, (20)
the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh chrysolite, the
eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh
jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.
(21) The twelve gates were twelve pearls: each
individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was
pure gold, like transparent glass.
But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb
are its temple. (23) The
city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the
glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light.
(24) And the nations of those
who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth
bring their glory and honor into it.
(25) Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there
shall be no night there). (26)
And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into
it. (27) But there shall
by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an
abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's
Book of Life.
Some suggest that it is really just an exotic symbol of the Church, the
Bride of Christ.
|This heavenly city is literal, but it is called the
bride, the Lamb’s wife because it is the place where all God’s
people are gathered. In this sense the New Jerusalem is certainly
like the bride; but this association doesn’t diminish the reality
behind the image. The city is associated with the bride to awe us
with a sense of its beauty and of the bride's beauty.
The eternal city is not only the home of the bride; it is
the bride! A city is not buildings; it is people. The city John saw was
holy and heavenly; in fact, it descended to earth from heaven, where it
was prepared. John's description staggers the imagination, even accepting
the fact that a great deal of symbolism is involved. Heaven is a real
place of glory and beauty, the perfect home for the Lamb's bride.
(from The Bible Exposition Commentary. Copyright © 1989 by Chariot Victor
Publishing, and imprint of Cook Communication Ministries.)
Jesus said in John 14:2: "I go to prepare a place for you." And what a
place He's preparing!!!
|She is a Holy city
||Holy is hagian, from hagios.
The old Greek term denotes an object of awe, the adjective
||Nothing that defiles will enter it. Most of
what we do today is because of the curse that came when Adam
and Eve sinned.
|We clean to get rid of dirt and filth
|We find places to dump our refuse as it
|We work to provide a safe place to
live, food to eat, and clothes to wear
|We learn self protection techniques
because of dangers all around us
|We have laws because of the evil in
||None of that will be necessary because there
will be no corruption or anything that corrupts in the Holy
|She comes down from heaven
I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the
city of My God, the New Jerusalem, which comes down out of
heaven from My God.
the Jerusalem above is free.
the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem
|She has the glory of God
||All the splendor and radiance of God
||As it was coming down, it appeared like
jasper, shining, and clear as crystal
||The city itself was pure gold like clear
|She has a great high wall
||The wall is 144 cubits high - according to
Hebrew cubit, approximately 212 to 216 feet high
||It was built out of jasper, and it was clear
||The wall around the city was a square, and
the angel measured the city: 12,000 furlongs (1500 miles).
Robertson point out that "It is not clear whether the 1,500
miles (12,000 furlongs) is the measurement of each of the four
sides or the sum total."
|The wall has 12 gates
||Each gate was one solid pearl
||Each gate had the name of one of the 12
tribes of Israel
|God used the nation of Israel to usher
in the Messiah, the Christ, through Whom we have access
to salvation. It is only natural that entry to the Holy
City would be through the gates with the names of
Israel's sons inscribed on them.
||Each gate had an angel stationed at it
||The gates will always be open
|The wall was built on 12 foundations
||The names of the 12 Apostles of the Lamb were
inscribed on them.
|It is assumed that each foundation had
the name of one of the apostles inscribed on it, but the
text is not clear as to whether each foundation has a
different name, or if each foundation had all 12 names.
Most scholars assume each foundation has a different
||The foundation stones were garnished with all
kinds of precious stones (the NIV translates it: "The
foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind
of precious stone.)
||Each foundation is a different stone (Click
here for descriptions and photos of the stones).
|She has a street paved with gold
||It was a broad street
|Street = plateia - A wide
street; some think this refers to all streets in the
city, while others believe that there is only one
street, or main plaza.
|In this life, Jesus said that the road
that leads to destruction is broad, and road that leads
to life is narrow. At that time, when all tests, trials
and sin is no more, the street in the Holy City is
||It was pure gold and looked like transparent
|With all the impurities removed,
because nothing impure can enter the Holy City, it is
|God and the Lamb are the Temple
||The Lord God Almighty
|The Greek includes the definite article
"ho" - "the God the Almighty."
in authority, controller
with the article, the only true God
All-ruling, absolute and universal sovereign,
|5 times in Revelation He is referred to
as "Lord God Almighty."
||Lord God Almighty,
Who was and is and is to come!
||Lord God Almighty,
The One Who is and Who was and Who is to come
||The song of the Lamb,
saying ... Lord God Almighty
||Lord God Almighty,
true and righteous are Your judgments
||Lord God Almighty and
the Lamb are its temple
|All five are clear references to the
Lamb, the Lord Jesus Christ.
|The Supreme Sacrifice has become the
|The glory of God and the Lamb are the light
||The Glory of God, the Shekinah, the Radiance,
the Brilliance, is the Light
||The Lamb is the Lamp (luchnos). It is
through the Lamb that the Light will be diffused throughout
||Picture the glorious beauty as the Shekinah of
God is magnified through the Lord Jesus Christ, and diffused
throughout the city built of every imaginable precious stone,
each clear as crystal because all of the impurities are gone,
and each prism refracting the light into all of its glorious
|The nations who are saved
||These are probably nations that did not join
in Satan's rebellion at the end of the Millennium.
||They live in the light of the Holy City.
|Seiss offers: Spiritual illumination
for the soul, as well as glorious light for the
eyes,-the light of truth and righteousness, and the
light of Life for all needs, personal, social, and
national, in the redeemed family of man-shall go forth
from that sublime city; and "the nations" shall walk in
||They bring their glory (doxa - honor,
dignity, praise, worship) and honor (time - valuables)
to the city.
We see life in our age, the age of man, as a tangled mess. It's like looking at the
underside of an embroidered cloth. We see all the knots, tangles, and no
design. We often don't understand what is happening or why, and sometimes
we even question God, wondering why or how He would let things happen.
Then John sees the holy city, the New Jerusalem, the Bride, the Lamb's
wife, and it's like God brings him above the cloth and says: "Look at what
I've been making!"