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PROPHECY

DANIEL'S  FINAL  GREAT  VISION

READ: Daniel Chapters 10,11,12
Ezk. 38 & 39
Joel 3:2,13
Isaiah 34,63
Zech. 12:2-11; 14:2
Matthew 17:1,2
Rev. 1:13-18
Rev. 16:14; 17:14; 19:11-21

The three divisions of Daniel's final great vision are:

1. The Introduction.................................................Dan. 10:1-11:1
2. The Vision of Events Close at Hand...................Dan. 11:2-34
3. The Vision of the Last Days...............................Dan. 11:35-12:13

THE INTRODUCTION

THE TIME

Daniel 10:1    About 533 B.C.     The third year of Cyrus.
Daniel as a statesman continued to the first year of Cyrus. (Dan. 1:21).
Now he was retired from active service in Cyrus’ kingdom for this vision was given in the third year of Cyrus. (Dan. 10:1)
Daniel was approximately 90 years old, faithfully serving and seeking the Lord although he had not returned to
      Jerusalem with Zerubbabel and the remnant in 536 B.C.     (Ezra 1 and 2)
To this aged saint, prophet, and statesman God gave this great vision. (Compare Acts 2:17-21)
The last day outpouring of the Holy Spirit brings a divine revelation to both young and OLD.  (Compare Luke 1:5-25; 2:25-38)
Though elderly, Zacharias, Elizabeth, Simeon, and Anna were recipients of Divine revelation in relation to Christ’s first coming.
      Old age may be a time of deep spirituality and precious revelation.

HISTORICAL VIEW

DANIEL 11 & 12

BY ADAM CLARK

"This and the two following chapters give an account of Daniel’s last vision, wherein the succession of the Persian and Grecian monarchies is described, together with the wars that should take place between Syria and Egypt under the latter monarchy. The last part of the vision (from Chapter 11:36) seems to relate chiefly to the persecutions of the Church in the times of Antichrist, till it be purified from all its pollution’s; after which will follow that glorious kingdom of the saints spoken of in the SEVENTH and EIGHTH chapters. This chapter begins with an account of Daniel’s fasting and humiliation, 1-3. Then we have a description of the Divine person who appeared to the prophet, not unlike him who appeared to the apostle in the Isle of Patmos, 4-21. See Revelation 1:10-16.

"This chapter gives a more particular explanation of those events which were predicted in the eighth chapter. The prophet had foretold the partition of Alexander’s kingdom into four parts. Two of these, in which were included Egypt and Syria, to one to the NORTH, the other one to the SOUTH, in respect of Judea, appear to take up the chief attention of the prophet, as his people were particularly concerned in their fate; these being the countries in which by far the grates number of the Jews were and still are, dispersed (This was written in 1824 by A. Clark) . Of these countries he treats (according to the views of the most enlightened expositors) down to the conquest of Macedon, A. M. 3836, or B.C. 168, when he begins to speak of the Romans, 1-30; and then of the Church under that power, 31-35. This leads him to speak of Antichrist, who was to spring up in that quarter, 36-39; and of those powers which at the TIME OF THE END, or the latter days of the Roman monarchy (as this term is generally understood), were to push at it, and overthrow many countries, 40-43. By the KING OF THE SOUTH, in the fortieth verse, the dominion of the Saracens, or Arabs, is supposed to be intended, which was an exceeding great plague to the Romans in their empire in the east, and also to several papal countries, for the space of ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY YEARS, from A.D. 612, when Mohammed and his followers first began their depredations, to A.D. 762, when Bagdad was built, and made the capital of the Cliphs of the house of Abbas; from which epoch the Saracens became a more settled people.

"By the KING OF THE NORTH in the same verse the prophet is supposed by some to design that great scourge of eastern Christendom, the Ottoman or Othman empire, by which, after about a hundred and fifty years of almost uninterrupted hostilities, the Roman empire in the east was completely overturned, A.D. 1453. The chapter concludes with a prediction of the final overthrow of this northern power, and of the manner in which this great event shall be accomplished, v. 44,45. But it should be observed that, notwithstanding the very learned observations of Bishop Newton and others upon this chapter, their scheme of interpretation presents very great and insurmountable difficulties; among which the very lengthy detail of events in the Syrian and Egyptian histories, Comprising impressing a period of less than two hundred years, and the rather uncouth transition to the incomparably greater transactions in Anti Christian times, and of much longer duration, which are passed over with unaccountable brevity, are not the least. On all these subjects, however, the reader must judge for himself." (Adam Clark)

EXCERPTS BY BISHOP NEWTON

 Daniel 11:1 IN THE FIRST YEAR OF DARIUS THE MEDE

"It is the usual method of the Holy Spirit to make the latter prophecies explanatory of the former; and thus revelation ‘is a shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.’ The four great empires shown to Nebuchadnezzar, under the symbol of a GREAT IMAGE (Dan. 2), were again more particularly represented to Daniel under the forms of FOUR GREAT WILD BEASTS (Dan. 7). In like manner, the memorable events that were revealed to Daniel in the vision of the RAM and HE-GOAT (Dan. 8), are here more clearly revealed in this last vision by an angel; so that this latter prophecy may not improperly be said to be a comment on the former. It comprehends many signal events. The types, figures, and symbols of the things are not exhibited in this, as in most other visions, and then expounded by the angel; but the angel RELATES the whole: and, not by way of VISION, but by NARRATION." (Bishop Newton)

THE VISION OF EVENTS COMPARATIVELY CLOSE AT HAND

Daniel 11:2 THERE SHALL STAND UP YET THREE KINGS

Gabriel had already spoken of CYRUS, who was now reigning; and after him THREE others should arise. These were:

CAMBYSES the son of Cyrus reigned 7 years and 5 months
SMERDIS the Magician, who was an impostor, who pretended to be another son of Cyrus reigned only 7 months
DARIUS the son of  HYSTASPES, who married MANDANE, the daughter of Cyrus reigned 36 years

THE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALLTHE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALL.

This was THE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALL.

This was XERXES, the son of DARIUS, of whom JUSTIN SAYS:

"He had so great an abundance of riches in his kingdom, that although rivers were dried up by his numerous armies, yet his wealth remained unexhausted."

HE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIAHE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIA.

His military strength was such, that HE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIA.

His military strength was such, that HERODOTUS, who lived in that time, informs us that his army amounted to FIVE MILLION, TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-THREE THOUSAND, TWO HUNDRED AND TWENTY MEN (5,283,220).

Besides these, the Carthaginians furnished him with an army of 300,000 soldiers, and a fleet of 200 ships.

He led an army against the Greeks of 800,000 men, and 1207 ships, with 3 banks of rowers each. As he marched along he obliged all the people of the countries through which he passed to join him.

Daniel 11:3 A MIGHTY KING SHALL STAND UP = ALEXANDER THE GREAT

It is not said that this mighty king shall stand up against XERXES, for he was not born till ONE HUNDRED YEARS after that monarch; but simply that he should STAND UP, that he should reign in Greece.

Daniel 11:4 AND NOT TO HIS POSTERITY.

The FAMILY OF ALEXANDER had a most tragic end:

1. His wife STATIRA was murdered soon after his death by his other wife ROXANA. EURIDICE, by command of
               
OLYMPIAS, Alexander’s mother, after he had been king about six years and some months.
3.
OLYMPIAS herself was killed by the soldiers in revenge.
4.
ALEXANDER AEGUS, his son, together with His mother ROXANA, was slain by order of Cassander.
5. Two years after, his other son
HERCULES, with his mother BARSINE, was privately murdered by Polysperchon.

So that in fifteen years after his death NOT ONE OF HIS FAMILY OR POSTERITY REMAINED ALIVE.

"Blood calls for blood." He (Alexander) was the great butcher of men. He was either poisoned, or killed himself by immoderate drinking, when he was only 32 years and 8 months old: and a retributive Providence destroyed all his posterity, so that neither ROOT nor BRANCH of them was left on the face of the earth. Thus ended Alexander, the great butcher; and thus ended his family and posterity.

Daniel 11:5 THE KING OF THE SOUTH = PTOLEMY LAGUS

He was one of Alexander’s generals, who had the government of the lands south of Judea to Egypt & Libia. He was strong, for he had added Cyprus, Phoenicia, Caria (an ancient district in SW Asia Minor), to his kingdom of Egypt.

Daniel 11:6 THE KING OF THE NORTH = SELEUCUS NICATOR

His dominions lay NORTH OF JUDEA. He possessed Syria, Babylon, Media, and the neighboring countries. This was the one referred to in the previous verse (Dan 11:5): "ONE OF HIS PRINCES-SHALL BE STRONG ABOVE HIM".

Daniel 11:6 IN THE END OF YEARS

Several historical circumstances are here passed by:

THE KING’S DAUGHTER OF THE SOUTH. BERENICE, daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was married to ANTIOCHUS THEOS, king of Syria. These two sovereigns had a bloody war for some years; and they agreed to terminate it by the above marriage, on condition that Antiochus would put away his wife LAODICE and her children, which he did; and BERENICE having brought an immense fortune to her husband, all things appeared to go on well for a time.

BUT SHE SHALL NOT RETAIN THE POWER OF THE ARM. ZARO, HER POSTERITY, shall not reign in that kingdom.

BUT SHE SHALL BE GIVEN UP - Laodice. Antiochus recalled his former wife Laodice and her children; and she fearing that he might recall Berenice, caused him to be poisoned and her to be murdered, and set her son CALLINICUS upon the throne.

AND THEY THAT BROUGHT HER. Her Egyptian women, striving to defend their mistress, were many of them killed.

AND HE THAT BEGAT HER. Or, as the margin, "he whom she brought forth;" the son being murdered, as well as the mother, by order of LAODICE.

AND HE THAT STRENGTHEDED HER. Probably her FATHER PTOLEMY, who was excessively fond of her, and who had died a few years before.

Daniel 11:7 BUT OUT OF A BRANCE OF HER ROOTS = PTOLEMY EUERGETES

A branch from the same root from which she sprang. This was PTOLEMY EUERGETES her brother, who, to avenge his sister’s death, marched with a great army against SELEUCUS CALLINICUS, took some of his best places, indeed all Asia, from Mount Taurus to India, and returned to Egypt with an immense booty, FORTY THOUSAND talents of silver, precious vessels, and images of their gods, 2500, without callinicus daring to offer him battle.

Daniel 11:8 HE SHALL CONTINUE MORE YEARS = SELEUCUS CALLINICUS

Seleucus Callinicus died (an exile) by a fall from his horse; and PTOLEMY EUERGETES survived him four or five years. (Bishop Newton)

 

Forward to the Next Section:  Introduction to the Book of Revelation

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