||Daniel Chapters 10,11,12
||Ezk. 38 & 39
||Zech. 12:2-11; 14:2
||Rev. 16:14; 17:14; 19:11-21
The three divisions of Daniel's final great vision are:
2. The Vision of Events Close at Hand...................Dan. 11:2-34
3. The Vision of the Last Days...............................Dan. 11:35-12:13
Daniel 10:1 About 533 B.C.
The third year of Cyrus.
Daniel as a statesman continued to the first year of Cyrus. (Dan. 1:21).
Now he was retired from active service in Cyrus kingdom for this vision was given in
the third year of Cyrus. (Dan. 10:1)
Daniel was approximately 90 years old, faithfully serving and seeking the Lord although he
had not returned to
Jerusalem with Zerubbabel and the remnant in 536 B.C.
(Ezra 1 and 2)
To this aged saint, prophet, and statesman God gave this great vision. (Compare Acts
The last day outpouring of the Holy Spirit brings a divine revelation to both young and
OLD. (Compare Luke 1:5-25; 2:25-38)
Though elderly, Zacharias, Elizabeth, Simeon, and Anna were recipients of Divine
revelation in relation to Christs first coming.
Old age may be a time of deep spirituality and precious
DANIEL 11 & 12
BY ADAM CLARK
"This and the two following chapters give an
account of Daniels last vision, wherein the succession of the Persian and Grecian
monarchies is described, together with the wars that should take place between Syria and
Egypt under the latter monarchy. The last part of the vision (from Chapter 11:36) seems to
relate chiefly to the persecutions of the Church in the times of Antichrist, till it be
purified from all its pollutions; after which will follow that glorious kingdom of
the saints spoken of in the SEVENTH
chapters. This chapter begins with an
account of Daniels fasting and humiliation, 1-3. Then we have a description of the
Divine person who appeared to the prophet, not unlike him who appeared to the apostle in
the Isle of Patmos, 4-21. See Revelation 1:10-16.
"This chapter gives a more particular explanation
of those events which were predicted in the eighth chapter. The prophet had foretold the
partition of Alexanders kingdom into four parts. Two of these, in which were
included Egypt and Syria, to one to the NORTH, the other one to the SOUTH,
in respect of Judea, appear to take up the chief attention of the prophet, as his
people were particularly concerned in their fate; these being the countries in which by
far the grates number of the Jews were and still are, dispersed (This was written in 1824
by A. Clark) . Of these countries he treats (according to the views of the most
enlightened expositors) down to the conquest of Macedon, A. M. 3836, or B.C. 168, when he
begins to speak of the Romans, 1-30; and then of the Church under that power, 31-35. This
leads him to speak of Antichrist, who was to spring up in that quarter, 36-39; and of
those powers which at the TIME OF THE
END, or the latter days of the Roman monarchy
(as this term is generally understood), were to push at it, and overthrow many countries,
40-43. By the KING OF THE SOUTH, in the fortieth verse, the dominion of the
Saracens, or Arabs, is supposed to be intended, which was an exceeding great plague to the
Romans in their empire in the east, and also to several papal countries, for the space of
ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY YEARS, from A.D. 612, when Mohammed and his followers first began
their depredations, to A.D. 762, when Bagdad was built, and made the capital of the Cliphs
of the house of Abbas; from which epoch the Saracens became a more settled people.
"By the KING OF THE NORTH in the same verse
the prophet is supposed by some to design that great scourge of eastern Christendom, the
Ottoman or Othman empire, by which, after about a hundred and fifty years of almost
uninterrupted hostilities, the Roman empire in the east was completely overturned, A.D.
1453. The chapter concludes with a prediction of the final overthrow of this northern
power, and of the manner in which this great event shall be accomplished, v. 44,45. But it
should be observed that, notwithstanding the very learned observations of Bishop Newton
and others upon this chapter, their scheme of interpretation presents very great and
insurmountable difficulties; among which the very lengthy detail of events in the Syrian
and Egyptian histories, Comprising impressing a period of less than two hundred years, and
the rather uncouth transition to the incomparably greater transactions in Anti Christian
times, and of much longer duration, which are passed over with unaccountable brevity, are
not the least. On all these subjects, however, the reader must judge for himself."
EXCERPTS BY BISHOP NEWTON
Daniel 11:1 IN THE FIRST
YEAR OF DARIUS THE MEDE
"It is the usual method of the Holy Spirit to make
the latter prophecies explanatory of the former; and thus revelation is a shining
light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day. The four great empires
shown to Nebuchadnezzar, under the symbol of a GREAT IMAGE (Dan. 2), were again more
particularly represented to Daniel under the forms of FOUR GREAT WILD BEASTS (Dan. 7). In
like manner, the memorable events that were revealed to Daniel in the vision of the RAM
and HE-GOAT (Dan. 8), are here more clearly revealed in this last vision by an angel; so
that this latter prophecy may not improperly be said to be a comment on the former. It
comprehends many signal events. The types, figures, and symbols of the things are not
exhibited in this, as in most other visions, and then expounded by the angel; but the
angel RELATES the whole: and, not by way of VISION, but by NARRATION." (Bishop
THE VISION OF EVENTS COMPARATIVELY CLOSE
Daniel 11:2 THERE SHALL STAND UP YET THREE KINGS
Gabriel had already spoken of CYRUS, who was now
reigning; and after him THREE others should arise. These were:
||the son of Cyrus
||reigned 7 years and 5 months
||the Magician, who was an impostor, who
pretended to be another son of Cyrus
||reigned only 7 months
||the son of HYSTASPES,
who married MANDANE,
the daughter of Cyrus
||reigned 36 years
THE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALLTHE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALL.
This was THE FOURTH SHALL BE FAR RICHER THAN THEY ALL.
This was XERXES, the son of
DARIUS, of whom
"He had so great an abundance of riches in his
kingdom, that although rivers were dried up by his numerous armies, yet his wealth
HE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIAHE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIA.
His military strength was such, that HE SHALL STIR UP ALL AGAINST THE REALM OF GRECIA.
His military strength was such, that HERODOTUS, who
lived in that time, informs us that his army amounted to FIVE MILLION, TWO HUNDRED AND
EIGHTY-THREE THOUSAND, TWO HUNDRED AND TWENTY MEN (5,283,220).
Besides these, the Carthaginians furnished him with an
army of 300,000 soldiers, and a fleet of 200 ships.
He led an army against the Greeks of 800,000 men, and
1207 ships, with 3 banks of rowers each. As he marched along he obliged all the people of
the countries through which he passed to join him.
Daniel 11:3 A MIGHTY KING SHALL
STAND UP = ALEXANDER THE GREAT
It is not said that this mighty king shall stand up
against XERXES, for he was not born till
ONE HUNDRED YEARS after that monarch; but
simply that he should STAND UP, that he should reign in Greece.
Daniel 11:4 AND NOT TO HIS POSTERITY.
The FAMILY OF ALEXANDER had a most tragic end:
1. His wife STATIRA was murdered soon after his death by
his other wife ROXANA. EURIDICE, by command of
OLYMPIAS, Alexanders mother, after he had been king about six years and some months.
3. OLYMPIAS herself was killed by the soldiers in revenge.
4. ALEXANDER AEGUS, his son, together with His mother
ROXANA, was slain by order of
5. Two years after, his other son HERCULES, with his mother
BARSINE, was privately
murdered by Polysperchon.
So that in fifteen years after his death NOT ONE OF
HIS FAMILY OR POSTERITY REMAINED ALIVE.
"Blood calls for blood." He (Alexander)
was the great butcher of men. He was either poisoned, or killed himself by immoderate
drinking, when he was only 32 years and 8 months old: and a retributive Providence
destroyed all his posterity, so that neither ROOT nor
BRANCH of them was
left on the face of the earth. Thus ended Alexander, the great butcher; and thus ended his
family and posterity.
Daniel 11:5 THE KING OF THE SOUTH =
He was one of Alexanders generals, who had the
government of the lands south of Judea to Egypt & Libia. He was strong, for he had
added Cyprus, Phoenicia, Caria (an ancient district in SW Asia Minor), to his kingdom of
Daniel 11:6 THE KING OF THE NORTH
= SELEUCUS NICATOR
His dominions lay NORTH OF
JUDEA. He possessed Syria,
Babylon, Media, and the neighboring countries. This was the one referred to in the
previous verse (Dan 11:5): "ONE OF HIS PRINCES-SHALL BE STRONG ABOVE HIM".
Daniel 11:6 IN THE END OF YEARS
Several historical circumstances are here passed by:
THE KINGS DAUGHTER OF THE SOUTH.
BERENICE, daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was married to
ANTIOCHUS THEOS, king of Syria. These two sovereigns had a bloody war for some years; and
they agreed to terminate it by the above marriage, on condition that Antiochus would put
away his wife LAODICE and her children, which he did; and
BERENICE having brought an
immense fortune to her husband, all things appeared to go on well for a time.
BUT SHE SHALL NOT RETAIN THE POWER OF THE ARM.
ZARO, HER POSTERITY, shall not reign in that kingdom.
BUT SHE SHALL BE GIVEN UP -
Laodice. Antiochus recalled his former wife Laodice and her children; and she
fearing that he might recall Berenice, caused him to be poisoned and her to be murdered,
and set her son CALLINICUS upon the throne.
AND THEY THAT BROUGHT HER.
Egyptian women, striving to defend their mistress, were many of them killed.
AND HE THAT BEGAT HER.
the margin, "he whom she brought forth;" the son being murdered, as well as the
mother, by order of LAODICE.
AND HE THAT STRENGTHEDED HER.
her FATHER PTOLEMY, who was excessively fond of her, and who had died a few years before.
Daniel 11:7 BUT OUT OF A BRANCE OF HER ROOTS = PTOLEMY EUERGETES
A branch from the same root from which she sprang. This
was PTOLEMY EUERGETES her brother, who, to avenge his sisters death, marched with a
great army against SELEUCUS CALLINICUS, took some of his best places, indeed all Asia,
from Mount Taurus to India, and returned to Egypt with an immense booty, FORTY THOUSAND
talents of silver, precious vessels, and images of their gods, 2500, without callinicus
daring to offer him battle.
Daniel 11:8 HE SHALL CONTINUE MORE
YEARS = SELEUCUS CALLINICUS
Seleucus Callinicus died (an exile) by a fall from his
horse; and PTOLEMY EUERGETES survived him four or five years. (Bishop Newton)
Forward to the Next Section:
Introduction to the Book of Revelation